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White witches, My Grandad and demonic possesions

2020.12.01 04:55 laurenyq White witches, My Grandad and demonic possesions

So, Where do i start?
My grandad Died when i was 12 years old.. we used to go for walks with his dogs and my cousin to a place called the elton reservoir..he was a hunter, which i didnt particually like, kept himself to himself, and didnt really speak too often. But i always sensed something off, something strange.. something just creepy and not quite right when i was around him. I never really could understand what, until i started to find out the unimaginable.. it still creeps me out to my very core anytime i think about it to this day.
It all started from a game my and my cousin played when we were 14 years old with my grandma one night around her kitchen table, we were all really close, we'd have questions written out in a jar and pick one each and have to answer them truthfully. My grandma picked o ut one, now after this story was told...changed everything..I wish we never played the game now..
The Question: 'What is the scariest thing that has happened to you in real life?'
She paused.. looked up at me and my cousin..she turned a off grey in her face that was hard to look at..her eyes started to well up.. i said to her, 'grandma, you dont have to answer' but she took a deep breathe, and said.. 'what im about to tell you, is something ive spent a long time of my life trying to forget..' she countied into the story..
My grandma is Irish Catholic, which means there is no such thing a contreception in thier world, So she starting having children at a young age, she is a mother to 5 Daughters, one of whom is my Cousins mum..Irene.. although she passed away when we were younger.
My grandma moved over from ireland with my grandad to england in the 70's.. by the 80's they had two kids, my aunt Yvonne at 2 years old and my aunt Marie just weeks old.. They moved into a little apartment complex, just enough of what they could afford, they settled in after a couple of days, the set out was a little different to than it would be these days, there was just one set of stairs from the front door, then a door on the side of the wall to get into thier appartment and then the stairs continued up towards a flat on the top. They didnt meet thier nieghbours for a couple of weeks.. in the meantime she said she could her scraping and a almost scratching kind of sound quite often at early hours of the morning from upstairs, but because of the conditions of the apartments, she assumed this would have been general noises youd here.. then a couple of days later it got worse, she heard things been thrown around, a very faint noise of two people chanting something she couldnt quite make out, and a lot of knocking, one night she even heard a loud knock on her door, that woke her 3 week old baby.. by the time she got to the door, no one was there..
Things calmed down after a few days.. but then for 2 weeks she started to receive omnious brown parcles on her door step.. she didnt know what to make of them as she knew no one there.. the first one was a little box of salt.. she didnt think too much of it rather than it just being quite strange, threw it away and thought nothing of it for a while, then she recived another.. this time it had nail clippings in it and a lock of brown hair.. my grandad had long a brown pony tail, so she thought..is this some kind of sick joke my grandad was playing on her to freak her out.. he said thats not his hair and he had no idea of why someone would send that.. she kept it on the side of her counter thinking, if she receives another, shell collect them and send it to the police if something else happened..
Just a day after that, she found another on her door step when she was carrying my aunts up the stairs in the day time after running her daily errands.. but this time it was a lot worse. It was human teeth, 5 of them, placed into what only she could think was some kind of white sand.
That same day she told my grandad about this when he arrived home. he was angry and confused, because to them, this was disgusting and not in their religion and they wanted to know why anybody would send them this, after sepeaking, they both agreed that they should ask the apartment up the stairs if these parcels were from them or if they saw who they may hve come from, as they never even came into contact or knew what these people looked like.
My grandad told her to stay in their apartment with the babies and hell go and see whats going on.. you could hear everything in the apartment block, even up the stairs as the walls were extremly thin.
She said she heard him knock, he asked if anyone was there, there was no answer, then he knocked again and said i just want to talk.
The door creaked open, she didnt hear any response..
So my grandma decided to pop open the door and peak her head through to see up the stairs, so she could see what was going on, she saw two women with white blonde hair, quite tall just stood there at the door, but my grandad wasnt there anymore.. she asked them, where he had gone, they spoke very softly to her and smiled with a big grin, teeth ear to ear, ' hes being welcomed, we made him a brew' .. she closed her door and tried not to worry, as she knew my grandad could take care of himself. But had a gut feeling of something uneasy..
She sat with the babies for what would have seemed around 15 mins.. and thought she could hear a lot of creaking up on the top floor..
Then my grandad came back.. but he looked..different.. she asked him what they said, he didnt respond.. he just stood at the front door.. looking at her like he never met her before, she contined to carry on speaking to him. asking him whats wrong..as he walked across to the open plan kitchen stood facing the wall where the kinves were, then headed towards the bathroom and shut the door.. she said she kept asking questions as to why he wasnt talking, but got nothing from him.. not one word.. she opened the bathroom door to see him stood infront of the mirror.. his eyes were fully black, with a over shadow of red on his pupils.. she backed away, frozen with fear.. she moved slowly to go and get the babies from the living room to get out.. as she did.. he ran like a animal towards her. pinning her down to the floor, looking into her eyes, through to her soul, he was panting heavily and groaning in a such a evil and demoic way, she struggled but she managed to get him off her and threw him towards the kitchen.. she reached for the nearest object to use to defend herself..
he got up off the floor.. the started walking backwards into the bed room whilst still looking at her with a demonic grin on his face.
The Kitchen chair flew across the room towards the front door..
She got up, grabbed both of the girls and ran out the door and down the stairs to find help, she found a man in the street and asked him to help her..she left her babies downstairs in the laundry room with the old women who had owned it. She went upstairs with this man to see if he was okay and what on earth was going on.. and my grandad was just sat on their bed.. like normal, speaking normal, like nothing had happened.. he asked her where she had been.. and a was a bit confused as to the man in the apartment with her..as she stood near the front door, she looked up at the top of the stairs to see that the womens door was wide open, she could hear them cheering and shouting HEX HEX!
She explained everything to him..
They moved after a few days, to where she still lives now..
And that was the end of her story..
Im 26 years old now.. but theres a lot more things that have happened and ive been told about my grandad that i wish i never knew, when i was around 21 years old.. i found out from my relatives some of the disgusting and awful things he has done.. he sexually abused my 4 Aunties including my mum when they were younger.. he even tried to do the same with their friends who would come round to play, and one time he did, this little girl ran into her house across the road to tell her dad. he ran after her, into her own house and lied to their parents face and said they were playing a game, and that food was ready now so she had to come back to eat.. they beleived him.. it disgusts me that my grandfather was a peadophile..
As me and my cousin used to sleep in my grandads old room every friday night, it disgusts me to think about what happend in that room beforehand now that i look back.
A few weeks after my grandma told us the story of the white witches, weird things started to happen.
We were in the old bedroom one night, and we were rummaging through my grandmas old things, as you do when your a nosey teenagers, to find quite a large box at the top of the cupboards, we found her wedding dress, a few old pictures, my grandads last £5 note in his pocket from when he died with a tag of the date and his watch.. remembering the story, it creeped me out a little.. so i put it all back.
We watched tv in the big king sized bed, eating crap and talking, it was way past bedtime, probably around 1.30 - 2am..
When the guitar my grandad had, near the televison..strummed on its own.. we both looked at eachother with panic..but a sense of calmness too thinking it might have been him.
The rest of the bed was neatly tucked as we used to like to sit at the top and cuddle up with blankets.. we saw that slowly there was a bum print in bed near the bottom.. it made my cousin cry, i was shocked to see it.. i just kept staring.. (but now i thnk back to how he was a peadophile..makes my skin crawl thinking he was looking at us)
We told our grandma the following morning, she didnt really beleive us.. she said hes in heaven now, theres no way he can be there..
About 3 years passes by and another strange thing happened.. we were playing in the front garden, and a black man with a race dog approched us.. but he had a priests outfit on, he was priest.. he asked us if our grandad was there.. we looked at him very strange, he then repated our grandmas address and and said my grandads full name.. we sat there confused and said, hes been dead for 5 years..
My grandma came outside and he said the same thing, and she gasped and said, you must be confused, hes been dead for 5 years..
He said well that cant be true.. i saw him the other day on the elton resivour walking his dogs.. (they are both dead now too) with his gun going out for a hunt..
we all looked at eachother stunned.. He said, well anyway, he told me to drop by and say hi to him rosemary (my grandma) and the kids.. He said that he doesnt understand how hes been dead, discribed him, with his long brown pony tail and moustche, we could never understand how that happened. Its freaked me out ever since.
Around 5 years ago, My Nephew was in his room sleeping at night, Me and my sister were painting her walls in her front room, with the baby monitor on, its the one with the video, it started crackling, so i went over to try and sort it out, the volume turned up to full. and clear as day, i saw a figure near the corner of his room, with a black pony tail.. then a voice. it was him. saying 'you made a good one, well done' we both ran up stairs in fear for my nephew.. we go into the room, and there was nothing there.. and he was fast asleep..
I cried almost all night with my sister after that. I swear he sometimes haunts my dreams..
Im sorry this was so long, but its all real and still creeps me out just thinking about it! but i hope you read this and i love your videos! LYQ x
submitted by laurenyq to spoopycjades [link] [comments]


2020.11.30 18:17 laurenyq White witches, My grandad and the demonic possesions.

So, Where do i start?
My grandad Died when i was 12 years old.. we used to go for walks with his dogs and my cousin to a place called the elton resivour..he was a hunter, which i didnt particually like, kept himself to himself, and didnt really speak too often. But i always sensed something off, something strange.. something just creepy and not quite right when i was around him. I never really could understand what, until i started to find out the unimaginable.. it still creeps me out to my very core anytime i think about it to this day.
It all started from a game my and my cousin played when we were 14 years old with my grandma one night around her kitchen table, where we'd have questions written out in a jar and pick one each and have to answer them truthfully. My grandma picked o ut one, now after this story was told...changed everything..I wish we never played the game now..
The Question: 'What is the scariest thing that has happened to you in real life?'

She paused.. looked up at me and my cousin..she turned a off grey in her face that was hard to look at..her eyes started to well up.. i said to her, 'grandma, you dont have to answer' but she took a deep breathe, and said.. 'what im about to tell you, is something ive spent a long time of my life trying to forget..' she countied into the story..
My grandma is Irish Catholic, which means there is no such thing a contreception in thier world, she is a mother to 5 Daughters, one of whom is my Cousins mum..Irene.. she passed away when we were younger.
My grandma moved over from ireland with my grandad to england in the 70's.. by the 80's they had two kids, my aunt Yvonne at 2 years old and my aunt Marie just weeks old.. They moved into a little apartment complex, just enough of what they could afford, they settled in after a couple of days, the set out was a little different to than it would be these days, there was just one set of stairs from the front door, then a door on the side of the wall to get into thier appartment and then the stairs continued up towards a flat on the top. They didnt meet thier nieghbours for a couple of weeks.. in the meantime she said she could her scraping and a almost scratching kind of sound quite often at early hours of the morning from upstairs, but because of the conditions of the apartments, she assumed this would have been general noises youd here.. then a couple of days later it got worse, she heard things been thrown around, a very faint noise of two people chanting something she couldnt quite make out, and a lot of knocking, one night she even heard a loud knock on her door, that woke her 3 week old baby.. by the time she got to the door, no one was there..
Things calmed down after a few days.. but then for 2 weeks she started to receive omnious brown parcles on her door step.. she didnt know what to make of them as she knew no one there.. the first one was a little box of salt.. she didnt think too much of it rather than it just being quite strange, threw it away and thought nothing of it for a while, then she recived another.. this time it had nail clippings in it and strands of brown hair.. my grandad had long a brown pony tail, so she thought..is this some kind of sick joke my grandad was playing on her to freak her out.. he said thats not his hair and he had no idea of why someone would send that.. she kept it on the side of her counter thinking, if she receives another, shell collect them and send it to the police if something else happened..
Just a day after that, she found another on her door step when she was carrying my aunt up the stairs in the day time.. but this time it was a lot worse. It was human teeth, 5 of them, placed into what only she could think was some kind of white sand.
That same day she told my grandad about this when he arrived home. he was angry and confused, because to them, this was disgusting and they wanted to know why anybody would send them this, after sepeaking, they both agreed that they should ask the apartment up the stairs if these parcels were from them, as they never even came into contact or knew what these people looked like.
My grandad told her to stay in their apartment with the babies and hell go and see whats going on.. you could hear everything in the apartment block, even up the stairs as the walls were extremly thin.
She said she heard him knock, he asked if anyone was there, there was no answer, then he knocked again and said i just want to talk.
The door creaked open, she didnt hear any response..
So my grandma decided to pop open the door and peak her head through to see up the stairs, so she could see what was going on, she saw two women with white blonde hair, quite tall just stood there at the door, but my grandad wasnt there anymore.. she asked them, where he had gone, they spoke very softly to her and smiled with a grin, hes being welcomed, we made him a brew.. she closed her door and tried not to worry, as she knew my grandad could take care of himself.
She sat with the babies for what would have seemed around 15 mins.. and thought she could hear a lot of creaking up on the top floor..
Then my grandad came back.. but he looked..different.. she asked him what they said, he didnt respond.. he just stood at the front door.. looking at her like he never met her before, she contined to carry on speaking to him..as he walked across to the open plan kitchen, then towards the bathroom.. she said she kept speaking and asking questions but got nothing from him.. not one word.. she opened the bathroom door to see him stood infront of the mirror.. his eyes were fully black, with a over shadow of red on his pupils.. she backed away, frozen with fear.. she moved slowly to go and get the babies from the living room to get out.. as she did.. he ran like a animal towards her. pinning her down to the floor, he was panting heavily and groaning in a such a evil and demoic way, she struggled but she managed to get him off her.. she reached for the nearest object to use to defend herself..
he got up off the floor.. walking backwards into the bed room whilst still looking at her with a demonic grin on his face.
The Kitchen chair flew across the room towards the front door..
She got up, grabbed both of the girls and ran out the door and down the stairs to find help, she found a man in the street and asked him to help her..she left her babies downstairs in the laundry room with the old women who had owned it. She went upstairs with this man to see if he was okay.. and my grandad was sat on thier bed.. like normal, like nothing had happened.. he asked her where she had been.. and a bit confused as to the man in the apartment..as she stood near the front door, she looked up at the top of the stairs to see that the womens door was wide open, she could hear them cheering and shouting HEX HEX!
They moved after a few days, to where she still lives now..
And that was the end of her story..
Im 26 years old now.. but theres a lot more things that have happened and ive been told about my grandad that i wish i never knew, when i was around 21 years old.. i found out from my sister disgusting and awful things he has done.. he sexually abused my 4 Aunties when they were younger.. he even tried with their friends who would come round to play, one time he did, this little girl ran into her house to tell her dad. he ran after her, into her own house and lied to their parents face and said they were playing a game, and that food was ready now so she had to come back to eat.. they beleived him.. it disgusts me that my grandfather was a peadophile..

As me and my cousin used to sleep in my grandads old room every friday night, it disgusts me to think about what happend in that room beforehand now that i look back.
A few weeks after my grandma told us the story of the white witches, weird things started to happen.
We were in the old bedroom one night, and we were rummaging through my grandmas old things, as you do when your a nosey teenagers, to find quite a large box at the top of the cupboards, we found her wedding dress, a few old pictures, my grandads last £5 note in his pocket from when he died with a tag of the date and his watch.. remembering the story, it creeped me out a little.. so i put it all back.
We watched tv in the big king sized bed, eating crap and talking, it was way past bedtime, probably around 1.30 - 2am..
When the guitar my grandad had, near the televison..strummed on its own.. we both looked at eachother with panic..but a sense of calmness too thinking it might have been him.
The rest of the bed was neatly tucked as we used to like to sit at the top and cuddle up with blankets.. we saw that slowly there was a bum print in bed near the bottom.. it made my cousin cry, i was shocked to see it.. i just kept staring.. (but now i thnk back to how he was a peadophile..makes my skin crawl thinking he was looking at us)
We told our grandma the following morning, she didnt really beleive us.. she said hes in heaven now, theres no way he can be there..
About 3 years passes by and another strange thing happened.. we were playing in the front garden, and a black man with a race dog approched us.. but he had a priests outfit on, he was priest.. he asked us if our grandad was there.. we looked at him very strange, he then repated our grandmas address and and said my grandads full name.. we sat there confused and said, hes been dead for 5 years..
My grandma came outside and he said the same thing, and she gasped and said, you must be confused, hes been dead for 5 years..
He said well that cant be true.. i saw him the other day on the elton resivour walking his dogs.. (they are both dead now too) with his gun going out for a hunt..
we all looked at eachother stunned.. He said, well anyway, he told me to drop by and say hi to him rosemary (my grandma) and the kids.. He said that he doesnt understand how hes been dead, discribed him, with his long brown pony tail and moustche, we could never understand how that happened. Its freaked me out ever since.

Around 5 years ago, My Nephew was in his room sleeping at night, Me and my sister were painting her walls in her front room, with the baby monitor on, its the one with the video, it started crackling, so i went over to try and sort it out, the volume turned up to full. and clear as day, i saw a figure near the corner of his room, with a black pony tail.. then a voice. it was him. saying 'you made a good one, well done' we both ran up stairs in fear for my nephew.. we go into the room, and there was nothing there.. and he was fast asleep..
I cried almost all night with my sister after that. I swear he sometimes haunts my dreams..

Im sorry this was so long, but its all real and still creeps me out just thinking about it! but i hope you read this and i love your videos! LYQ x
submitted by laurenyq to cjades [link] [comments]


2020.11.29 18:48 thecambridgegeek Audio Drama/Fiction/RPG Debuts - November 2020

I've got what I think is a mostly exhaustive list of the new audio drama series that came out in November, which may be of interest to those looking for new shows. See below. Anyone want to tell me any I've missed, and I'll update it? (Note, "new" here means that the Ep1 of the RSS feed was released, or a previously non-fiction feed started producing fiction.) Listened to any of them that you would recommend?
Previous months are available here:
https://www.thecambridgegeek.com/results.php?proof=Releases&tag1=Audio%20fiction
And the ongoing updates (just in case you don't want to wait for the end of the month) are available here:
https://twitter.com/AudioDramaDebut
And I do a weekly podcast collecting a few trailers here:
https://www.thecambridgegeek.com/archive/add/add.php

11/1: Reverie's Curse (Dramatised - Urban fantasy)
Site: https://anchor.fm/reveriescurse
Synopsis: This podcast is a Fantasy Audio Drama with voice actors and sound fx. It is made to play like a show in your ears.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/3091be48/podcast/rss

11/1: The Miseducation of John Mark (Dramatised - Thriller)
Site: http://whoisjohnmark.com/
Synopsis: After an unarmed black man is killed by a local officer, an unassuming activist, John Mark, sets out to unite his divided city together and stop both sides from descending into chaos. Will he succeed or only make things worse? Find out in this gripping audio drama created and directed by Joshua Williams. Starring Trevon Foster, Adrian Justis, Christina Connerton, Justice Hall, and Jonathan Dauermann. Produced by Joshua Williams, Evan Carrington, and Michael R. Salas. The Miseducation of John Mark is a C-Space Media production.
RSS Feed: https://johnmark.libsyn.com/rss

11/1: The Stygian Chronicles (Fiction - Anthology)
Site: https://anchor.fm/stygian-chronicles
Synopsis: A collection of stories and tales of horror and fantasy that stretch the boundaries between the real, and unreal - releasing weekly from Halloween 2020.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/383389c4/podcast/rss

11/2: Getting Our Crit Together (RPG - Fantasy)
Site: http://getting-our-crit-together.castos.com/
Synopsis: A comedy D&D 5e podcast where our heroes are actually just interns at a local heroes guild working to fix their mistakes.
RSS Feed: https://getting-our-crit-together.castos.com/feed

11/2: The Call (Dramatised - Slice of life)
Site: https://claybodytheatre.com/the-call/
Synopsis: THE CALL is our brand new podcast drama which deals with the themes of connection and disconnection, timely for the world we find ourselves in today.

11/2: The Dragon's Mark (Fiction - Fantasy)
Site: https://tarynfrazier.com/
Synopsis: Do you believe in dragons? Michael and Brida don't, but that's about all they have in common. After all, he is coming to take the city she has sworn to protect. But a chance meeting leads to a secret friendship---one that will test Brida's resolve and Michael's loyalties. Welcome to a world where art has power, where a friend can be a deadly enemy, and where imaginary dragons are oddly important. There will be magic and monsters, fighting and romance, mystery and geometry, currant buns and pigeons.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1412434.rss

11/2: The Piper (Dramatised - Horror)
Site: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p08wdsyt/episodes/downloads
Synopsis: When strange music makes a girl vanish, a detective and her daughter uncover a terrifying force.
RSS Feed: https://podcasts.files.bbci.co.uk/p08wdsyt.rss

11/3: Astronomica (RPG - Science fiction)
Site: https://www.buzzsprout.com/1424833
Synopsis: Welcome to Astronomica, a Stars Without Number actual play podcast. Join Star Master Stan and regular players Colin, Cullen, Geoff, and Kristen as they crew the definitely-not-piloted-by-a-rogue-AI ship The Admiral Grace. From encounters with magnificent space whales to swashbuckling adventures across the galaxy, there is nothing this crew can't make way more complicated than it needs to be. Tag along every Wednesday and listen in as we learn that the true friends were the ones you decompressed and maybe accidentally spaced along the way.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1424833.rss

11/5: Adventure On, Everyone! (RPG - Fantasy)
Site: https://adventureonpod.buzzsprout.com/1310428
Synopsis: We are an actual play podcast! We plan on uploading on a roughly biweekly basis! Currently running a D and D 5e campaign! Follow us across the socials for any announcements or information we have to pass along to everyone! Hey, also never forget your A.o.E and Adventure On Everyone!!
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1310428.rss

11/5: Smothered (Dramatised - Crime/Mystery)
Site: https://linktr.ee/capriciousproductions
Synopsis: Join two weary homicide detectives as they uncover the disturbing truth about a seemingly simple, open-and-shut murder case. In times of extreme stress and scrutiny, will they make the right choice?
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1225931.rss

11/5: Tabletop Tiddies (RPG - Fantasy)
Site: https://www.tabletoptiddies.com/
Synopsis: Tabletop Tiddies is a weekly Dungeons & Dragons 5e Actual Play podcast that’s run entirely by marginalized genders. Join Dungeon Master Char and players Amanda, Emily, Rachel, and Sara for their weekly adventures, released every Thursday! It’s our mission to provide a safe place at the table for everyone, and we are thrilled to invite you to join our fun, hilarious, queer, and feminist adventure!
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1348282.rss

11/7: Pod of Wonders (RPG - Fantasy)
Site: https://podofwonders.wordpress.com/
Synopsis: Role play gaming podcast generally focusing on Dungeons and Dragons.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/3cb95960/podcast/rss

11/8: Lost Souls Monologues (Fiction - Anthology)
Site: https://lostsoulsmonologues.com/
Synopsis: Fictional monologues exploring the idea that we're all a little lost from time to time. Beautiful new writing, performed by an impressive cast including Maggie Wheeler (‘Friends’, ‘Everybody Loves Raymond’), Tamla Kari (‘The Inbetweeners Movie’, ‘The Musketeers’) and voiceover superstar Rupert Degas (‘Red Dwarf X’, ‘Pope Joan’).
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1433002.rss

11/8: The Hidden Gate (Fiction - Anthology)
Site: https://thehiddengatepodcast.com/
Synopsis: A short stories podcast produced and hosted by narrator William Cook and author Eugene Chernett.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/3be1b708/podcast/rss

11/9: A Bad Feeling Horror Podcast (Dramatised - Horror)
Site: https://thewodc.com/a-bad-feeling-horror-podcast
Synopsis: A Bad Feeling Horror Podcast is a WODC original horror anthology series. Each episode includes multiple creepy tales written by the WODC presented by ghoulish hosts.
RSS Feed: https://thewodc.com/a-bad-feeling-horror-podcast?format=rss

11/9: Adventure Check Podcast (RPG - Fantasy)
Site: https://anchor.fm/adventurecheck
Synopsis: Adventure Check is an actual play TTRPG podcast that runs campaigns using Adventures in Middle-Earth and Dungeons and Dragons. With two main campaigns, join this group of friends as they adventure through fantastical worlds.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/3a4d3a34/podcast/rss

11/9: Taverns, Travel & Tests (RPG - Fantasy)
Site: https://taverns-travel-and-tests.pinecast.co/
Synopsis: Taverns, Travel, & Tests is a meme and Food Network infused Actual Play podcast, taking inspiration from cooking shows, internet culture, and a genuine love of tabletop roleplaying games. If you like memes, Guy Fieri, or memes about Guy Fieri, you'll like this podcast. It's like a rib burn-off in a fantasy world.
RSS Feed: https://pinecast.com/feed/taverns-travel-and-tests

11/10: Arcane (Dramatised - Horror)
Site: https://sonderproductions.net/projects/
Synopsis: A man with no name investigates the supernatural.
RSS Feed: https://www.spreaker.com/show/4633235/episodes/feed

11/10: SPR - Superhuman Public Radio (Dramatised - Superhero)
Site: https://www.superhumanpublicradio.com/
Synopsis: A podcast on the lives and stories of superhumans like you.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/38e2556c/podcast/rss

11/11: From Sad Shires (Dramatised - Historical)
Site: http://www.littlepixieproductions.co.uk/from_sad_shires_podcast.html
Synopsis: A Podcast Audio Drama to mark the centenary of the burial of the Unknown Warrior at Westminster Abbey. Harry Harmes and Maisie Merman fall in love in the East End of London in 1914 and marry. Then Harry takes the King's shilling to go off to war. Written by Clive Stubbings and produced by theatre company Little Pixie productions.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/3c53fa98/podcast/rss

11/11: Sub-Class Act (RPG - Fantasy)
Site: https://anchor.fm/sub-class-act
Synopsis: A clean 'Actual Play' podcast with a focus on storytelling, sure, but also the lulz.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/2bc8aac/podcast/rss

11/12: From Beyond the Broadcast (Dramatised - Science fiction)
Site: http://www.buzzsprout.com/1458391
Synopsis: From Beyond the Broadcast is a storytelling podcast that delivers unusual radio content from other dimensions and alternate whens. Loosely guided by our unwitting host Jamb Handee, each episode gives a glimpse and escape into another realm not unlike our own. Bonus! FBTB acquires talent exclusively rooted in BIPOC, LGBTQ+ and female artistry-- because let's face it; the realms of sci-fi and horror are sorely lacking.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1458391.rss

11/12: Margaret's Garden (Dramatised - Science fiction)
Site: https://midnightdisease.net/margarets-garden
Synopsis: Everton was the perfect American suburb, cookie-cutter homes full of every modern appliance imaginable, green grass, and shopping malls, but that was 70 years ago. Now the town sits, empty and rotting. Something beneath the suburbs stirs, and threatens to change everything.
RSS Feed: https://rss.acast.com/margarets-garden

11/12: The Zip Code Plays (Dramatised - Anthology)
Site: https://antaeus.org/plays-events/zipcode-plays/
Synopsis: Celebrate the culture and history of the diverse neighborhoods of Los Angeles from the safety of your home. Antaeus Theatre Company presents The Zip Code Plays: Los Angeles, a series of six original audio plays, each set in a different L.A. zip code.
RSS Feed: https://the-zip-code-plays.castos.com/feed

11/12: Vile Trials (Dramatised - Science fiction)
Site: https://anchor.fm/ghaall
Synopsis: Vile Trials is a story of a medical researcher who is forced to think about what it means to do good. In order for someone to make a difference, they need control and power. But at what point does their primary focus switch from doing good to securing control and power? What are they willing to sacrifice? We also explore the amazing world of (real) medical research on (fictional) gut bacteria strains and give it a nice twist of sci-fi horror.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/11bfd89c/podcast/rss

11/13: Adventuring for Dummies (RPG - Fantasy)
Site: https://soundcloud.com/adventuring-for-dummies
Synopsis: Welcome to Adventuring for Dummies! The DnD Actual Play Podcast in a world of no adventuring! Will the Dummies find there way through ancient runes and stacks of paperwork!?
RSS Feed: https://feeds.soundcloud.com/users/soundcloud:users:882362137/sounds.rss

11/13: Novice Kidnappers (Dramatised - Crime/Mystery)
Site: https://altelchagla.wixsite.com/official/podcast
Synopsis: Will they achieve the goal?
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1485127.rss

11/13: The Oyster (Dramatised - Science fiction)
Site: http://oyster.libsyn.com/
Synopsis: In a not so distant future, due to overwhelming carbon emissions, The Earth is on the brink of becoming uninhabitable. These conditions are made far more horrifying because the available housing shelters (that can produce sustainable air quality) will only be able to house 80% of the world’s total population. To try and save the human race, every person has a government-mandated microchip implanted in their brains to attempt to facilitate the migration of a portion of the population to an underground shelter. In order to decide who gets to be protected and who must stay above ground, the government implements a value scale they have determined based on “usefulness” to future society. If you are valued at a 50 or above, you will be chosen to enter the bunker, and, if not, you must stay above ground and face the end of days. “Neuron” (which acts as both a prestigious brain implant and also a software company) is folded into a sanctioned branch of the government called, “The Ministry of Experience.” Their job now is to develop technologies and software that can replicate the human experience above ground. But what is far more pressing is The Ministry must find a way to reduce the use of resources, or they will run out of all survivable assets before being able to relocate to “Eden” - the one place above ground that might be salvageable in a few years time. Whether Eden will be ready in time remains to be seen, but its existence is literally the last hope for the human race surviving. In a drastic effort to cut emissions and resource usage, “The Oyster” is created. The Oyster is Nirvana - A state absent from the mind while being filled with complete pleasure and bliss. What, then, happens when reality begins to fade and The Oyster is all that remains?
RSS Feed: https://oyster.libsyn.com/rss

11/14: Recital (Dramatised - Thriller)
Site: https://anchor.fm/ross-graham29/
Synopsis: A slick and surreal drama about ambition behind closed doors.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/3f674a28/podcast/rss

11/14: The Far from the Tree Broadcast (Dramatised - Adaptation)
Site: www.farfromthetreeproductions.com
Synopsis: Far From the Tree Productions is a grassroots theatre company based in Vancouver, BC. The seedling of Far From the Tree grew from a desire to create theatre that looked all the way back to its origin, the sacred act of storytelling. Now, as we delve into the auditory landscape, we are excited at the prospect of reaching an audience far and wide. Where will we end up? Who really knows! Expect thrilling audio dramas, discussions on life and art making, complex examinations of simple things, maybe a little music, and much much more! Let's see where the wind takes us!
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/3a373bbc/podcast/rss

11/15: The Reignition Theory (Fiction - Science fiction)
Site: https://attheendofthelinepodcast.squarespace.com/reignition-theory
Synopsis: The truth of the world’s most sinister conspiracy is finally revealed - how was the great city of Corraban really destroyed? An account of the final days of the city with interviews, diaries, letters and more. An audiofiction podcast full of espionage, adventure and zombies.
RSS Feed: https://attheendofthelinepodcast.squarespace.com/reignition-theory?format=rss

11/16: Id, Ego and Dice (RPG - Anthology)
Site: https://idegoanddice.libsyn.com/
Synopsis: Hey there and welcome to Id, Ego, and Dice. A weekly live play podcast where I get together with friends and loved ones to play tabletop roleplaying games. We play everything from Dungeons and Dragons to Mork Borg to King Arthur Pendragon. Why the name Id, Ego, and Dice? Well besides it being lazily evocative, and the only name suggested that wasn’t already taken, our game and stories always tend to focus on the player characters themselves. Personal conflicts. Their relationships with other players, the relationships with non player characters, or their relationship with the world itself.
RSS Feed: https://idegoanddice.libsyn.com/rss

11/16: The Gaia Miracles (Dramatised - Science fiction)
Site: https://www.thegaiamiracles.com/
Synopsis: Join me, Barry Orsen, a journalist with Nice Guise Media, as I investigate the Gaia Miracles more than a year after the catastrophic ending in Chicago and the disappearance of Elisa Garvey, my friend and the first reporter to witness one of the Miracles. With each interview, the established story unravels. Who is to blame? The industrial giant at the center of the Miracles, The Hydell Corporation, or the mysterious group who made them a target, Gaia Prime.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/35d8081c/podcast/rss

11/17: "Saint" Nick and the Big F*ck Up (Fiction - Comedy)
Site: https://www.saintnickandthebigeffup.com/
Synopsis: Nick is a part-time mall Santa, who really hates Christmas. And with good reason. But here he is, on Christmas Eve, wearing the red suit. He shouldn’t be working today, but he is. And he’s about to meet a terrible child who will ruin everything. This is not going to end well. But what’s about to happen, isn’t the worst thing he’s ever done...
RSS Feed: https://pinecast.com/feed/snatbfu

11/17: Dark Tides (RPG - Urban fantasy)
Site: https://thedarktides.fireside.fm/
Synopsis: Dark Tides is a twice monthly improvised audio drama series, set in the Hookba Archipelago. The show follows Ernest Marsh, a newly commissioned Park Ranger arriving in the Archipelago. And Allister Stern, a local conspiracy theorist and aspiring cryptozoologist. Together these young investigators unravel a twisted mystery of disappearances and fatal encounters with the uncanny as they search for the truth. Can you trust the voices in your head? Can you survive the troubled waters? Beware the Dark Tides.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.fireside.fm/thedarktides/rss

11/17: Shadows (Dramatised - Urban fantasy)
Site: https://www.spreaker.com/show/shadows_2
Synopsis: New York City, 1983. A private investigator with paranormal ties receives a call from a stripper, whose mother was murdered. A crime lord’s sociopathic son inherits his father’s fortune... and position. And Bakuul, the dark god, grows stronger, as he prepares to enter this world... Shadows is a noir dark fantasy crime thriller, written and produced by Reuben Saffer-Meng. Starring Johnny Salazar, Anna Castiglioni, and Michael Driscal.
RSS Feed: https://www.spreaker.com/show/4630963/episodes/feed

11/17: The Non-Canonical Chronicles (RPG - Comedy)
Site: https://anchor.fm/stuart-holmes/
Synopsis: Prepare to hear chilling tales, mysterious mysteries and thrilling yet questionable battles between Heroes, Monsters and more in this Improvised Comedy Tabletop Podcast!
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/40822e78/podcast/rss

11/18: Fast Radio Burst! (Dramatised - Anthology)
Site: https://anchor.fm/fastradioburst
Synopsis: Contemporary audio dramas in quick, classic form.
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/3cc9ea00/podcast/rss

11/18: Script Sirens Presents: Siren Screams (Dramatised - Horror)
Site: https://scriptsirens.wordpress.com/blog-feed/
Synopsis: Script Sirens Presents...Siren Screams!! A six-part horror anthology series, performed as audio plays. These hair-raising tales are not for the faint-hearted. You have been warned. Who are the 'Script Sirens'? A powerful collective of female and non-binary scriptwriters situated in the West Midlands. What is 'Siren Screams'? A project supported (and made possible!) by the Arts Council England. Written, produced and released in 'social isolation' during the lockdown in 2020's extended spooky season of Halloween to Friday 13th of November. The series is an experiment in what new artists can create under these unusual conditions.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.acast.com/public/shows/script-sirens-presents-siren-screams

11/18: The Agitators: The Story of Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass (Dramatised - Historical)
Site: https://www.nps.gov/subjects/womenshistory/the-agitators-podcast.htm
Synopsis: The Agitators tells of the enduring but tempestuous friendship of Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass. Great allies? Yes. And at times, great adversaries. Young abolitionists when they met in Rochester, New York in the 1840s, they were full of hope and a common purpose. As they grew to become the cultural icons we know today, their movements collided and their friendship was severely tested. Follow these brilliant, flawed, and rebellious activists with host Ashley C. Ford. Their message still matters. This six-part podcast is based on the play The Agitators; playwright Mat Smart used historical documents to imagine Susan and Frederick’s conversations. The Agitators is brought to listeners by the Women’s Suffrage Centennial Commission, the National Park Service, and PRX.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.feedburner.com/TheAgitators

11/18: woe.begone (Dramatised - Thriller)
Site: https://soundcloud.com/woe_begone
Synopsis: An investigation into an online ARG "game", with something mysterious going on in the background.

11/19: Spirit Box Radio (Dramatised - Comedy)
Site: https://hangingslothstudios.wordpress.com/spirit-box-radio/
Synopsis: Spirit Box Radio's new host, the spiritually-challenged Sam Enfield, does his best to guide you through queries about contacting the otherside, advice for the magically inclined, and general guidance for those seeking to participate in the spookier side of life and death.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.acast.com/public/shows/5f6a0613185d024c7fd4bc8b

11/19: Tales From Your Mom's Basement (Dramatised - Comedy)
Site: https://www.tfymb.com/
Synopsis: We are a group of Voice Actors, Writers, and Directors that have stories to tell and want you to come along for the ride.
RSS Feed: https://feed.podbean.com/tfymb/feed.xml

11/20: Fireteam Wildcats (Dramatised - Fanfiction)
Site: https://twitter.com/FireteamW
Synopsis: Pasithea and the rest of Fireteam Wildcats work to overcome a solar system's obstacles in constant peril. Follow Fireteam Wildcats through their journey to become true Guardians. This Audio Drama is not made by Bungie and is a non-commercial fanmade work!
RSS Feed: https://pinecast.com/feed/fireteam-wildcats

11/21: Hi Nay (Fiction - Horror)
Site: https://hinaypod.tumblr.com/
Synopsis: Hi Nay, literally translated to “Hi Mom”, is a supernatural horror fictional podcast about Filipina immigrant Mari Datuin, whose babaylan (shaman) family background accidentally gets her involved in stopping dangerous supernatural events in Toronto. Written, directed, produced, and created by Motzie Dapul and co-produced and co-created by Reg Geli.
RSS Feed: https://feed.podbean.com/hinaypod/feed.xml

11/23: Doctor Who Journey Into Time (Dramatised - Fanfiction)
Site: https://soundcloud.com/doctor-whowho
Synopsis: A new full professional-cast, unlicensed, non-profit, and FREE reimagining of the lost Peter Cushing Dr. Who radio pilot!

11/23: Greenhouse (Fiction - Romance)
Site: https://www.atypicalartists.co/greenhouse
Synopsis: GREENHOUSE is an anxious audio love story about a recluse writer and a lonely florist who learn, letter by letter, that the world is a whole lot brighter when you have someone to share your story with. It was created by Lillian Holman and produced by Atypical Artists.
RSS Feed: https://feed.podbean.com/greenhousepod/feed.xml

11/23: Jim and Jan (Dramatised - Comedy)
Site: http://jimandjan.podbean.com/
Synopsis: Fed up of hearing about lockdown? In need of something full of frivolity? Join Jim and Jan in their Audio Drama. *Disclaimer* It is set in lockdown but it's fine because these two are having a blast! They love being confined together, they just love it. Jim, a 70 year old grump from the North of England lives with his wife Jan, a 69 year old alien from London who spends half her time away with the fairies. They're ever so happy so you will be too...nothing eventful happens on a daily basis don't worry. No one gets attacked by a cat. Jan doesn't tell unnecessary and terribly trivial stories that would send you to sleep...So come in for a cuppa as lockdown has brought Jim and Jan to the Irish countryside where they will reside and stay safe; safe in the knowledge that every sarcastic comment Jim makes will fly out of his mouth over Jan's head and hopefully into your ears, each Monday instead.
RSS Feed: https://feed.podbean.com/jimandjan/feed.xml

11/23: Persona (Fiction - Urban fantasy)
Site: https://www.buzzsprout.com/1499455/
Synopsis: Tales of phenomenal bodies.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1499455.rss

11/24: Rapture 518 (Dramatised - Thriller)
Site: https://redcircle.com/shows/rapture518
Synopsis: Rapture 518 is a horropsychological thriller Audiodrama produced in Canada. Dr. Sarah Penn is a resident physician, but she has not been at work for a few weeks. Part of this is because of an imperative need to move from her rental house. Part of this is not yet known. And part of this is because of the unpredictable outbreak that’s turned mild mannered pedestrians into flesh-eating sociopaths.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.redcircle.com/08f1afe1-62ce-4253-bad4-657f5070400d

11/24: The Wizard of Bombs (Dramatised - Science fiction)
Site: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCSqJY_hhbotvMbTDR9zGywA/
Synopsis: A Foundation agent must trek the wastes of a hostile reptilian wasteland to capture an evil sorcerer.
RSS Feed: https://pinecast.com/feed/the-wizard-of-bombs

11/25: Cold Storage (Dramatised - Science fiction)
Site: https://www.corvusaudio.net/cold-storage
Synopsis: Cold Storage is a sci-fi narrative podcast mini-series produced by Corvus Audio, an independent podcast production company based out of Dayton, Ohio, and created by sibling duo Savannah and Harrison Webb. The series follows two mechanics tasked with maintaining an underground doomsday bunker in the aftermath of nuclear war who stumble upon a dangerous conspiracy that threatens the last remnants of humanity.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.captivate.fm/cold-storage/

11/26: History is about to misbehave (Dramatised - Historical)
Site: https://historymisbeahave.buzzsprout.com/1474990
Synopsis: A series of audio dramas, artistic creations and interviews inspired by the archive and local history collections relating to York. The city’s civic archive is one of the most significant outside London, covering over 800 years of York’s history as a self-governing authority. The collection is remarkable both for its continuity and its comprehensiveness, detailing all aspects of life in the city. Local organisations and individuals are also represented in the archive’s ‘community collections’ which date from 1529 onwards. Through our award-winning Explore Labs community arts project, we continue to challenge the imaginations of our archivists and artists to use the collections to reach new and diverse audiences of all abilities. History is about to misbehave...
RSS Feed: https://feeds.buzzsprout.com/1474990.rss

11/26: Strangers in Paradise (Dramatised - Adaptation)
Site: http://twotruefreaks.com/shows.php?show=70
Synopsis: Two True Freaks announces the audio drama adaptation of Terry Moore's STRANGERS IN PARADISE!
RSS Feed: http://twotruefreaks.com/media/podcasts/Strangers/rss.xml

11/27: Calls From A Friend (Dramatised - Horror)
Site: https://callsfromafriend.captivate.fm/
Synopsis: Calls From A Friend are 5-minutes-or-less short episodes centering around receiving a call from a friend. As the story progresses, the atmosphere gets more chilling and psychological.
RSS Feed: https://feeds.captivate.fm/callsfromafriend/

11/27: Witness the Critness (RPG - Fantasy)
Site: https://linktr.ee/witnessthecritness
Synopsis: Witness the Critness are a group of gamers, artists, writers, and performing artists who happened to get into D'n'D. Now, they want to share their story with everyone else! Current campaign: The Dark of Exandria. Five adventurers take on a journey through the continent of Wildemount!
RSS Feed: https://anchor.fm/s/3b13ec38/podcast/rss
submitted by thecambridgegeek to audiodrama [link] [comments]


2020.11.29 02:00 TylerbioRodriguez The disappearance of Anne Bonny, legendary female pirate from the Golden Age of Piracy. Perhaps solved after 300 years?

Anne Bonny was a female pirate from the Golden Age of Piracy. She is a name you will almost always find in just about any book on the subject, academic or otherwise. A lot has been said and a lot has been written about her. There are minor questions, such as when she was born or why she became a pirate. But the most famous question, is what happened to her? She vanished after a trial on November 28th, 1720, 300 years ago as of today. Well since May I have been searching for an answer and I might have actually figured it out. This story was published in the South Carolina Post and Courier today, and mostly draws from a 71 minute video I wrote for my YouTube channel. The video and article are here but I have written a broad summary of the video if you would like to read it. Sources are all listed at the end.
Video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOiUgXyk0Fs)
Article (https://www.postandcourier.com/news/a-22-year-old-youtuber-may-have-solved-anne-bonny-pirate-mystery-300-years-aftearticle_78fc0a2e-2914-11eb-a5f5-03b65f4d281a.html)

Anne Bonny was a violent lesbian sailor. Anne Bonny was a serial killer. Anne Bonny was a feminist hero. Anne Bonny was an inspirational LGBTQ icon. Anne Bonny was a mere child who didn't think her life through. Anne Bonny was a heroine of the people. All of these phrases have been said by someone. Historians, journalists, bloggers, all of these people saying something like this. None of this is true. She might be a famous icon of the Golden Age of Piracy, depicted in Black Flag, Black Sails, the Pirates of the Caribbean ride and so on, but she isn't a well understood figure of history. She was treated as more an oddity by contemporary writers, in the vain of a carnival barker saying come see the freaks. She is a prism to the past, a cipher. Everyone sees something in her that reflects what they believe. So what is the truth? Who was she and what happened to her?
Its a difficult question to answer. Documents are hard to find, mostly kept in libraries across the Americas and the West Indies. Most come in the form of newspapers and short articles, a proclamation from a governor here and there, and court transcripts. Anything written years later is already unreliable, and details that come from the 20th century onward is almost always nonsense.
The Golden Age of Piracy is difficult to define, everyone has a different opinion on when it began and ended. I picked the longest timeframe, 1650 to 1730. An era defined by Henry Morgan, Henry Every, William Kidd, Edward Thatch, and Bartholomew Roberts. In this time period of legendary criminals came a woman named Anne Bonny. Said to be from Ireland, bastard daughter of an attorney and a maid. She moved to the Carolinas, lived a life that included stabbing a maid and almost killing a rapist, before running away with a sailor to Nassau, the Pirate Republic. She falls in love with Jack Rackham, quartermaster for Charles Vane. Rackham seizes power, Anne runs away from her husband and they plunder ship after ship. Eventually Anne falls for a sailor who is really Mary Read, becoming close friends. The British navy eventually captures them, Rackham is hanged but the two women avoid the noose by way of pregnancy. Mary dies in prison but Anne is never seen again.
This is the story as told in Captain Charles Johnson's General History of the Pyrates. Who was Captain Charles Johnson? It was an alias, not his real name. Almost certainly taken from the playwright Charles Johnson, who wrote a play about pirate Henry Every. In the 1930s historians mostly agreed Johnson was Daniel Defoe, author of Robinson Crusoe. In the 1980s the general opinion changed to Nathaniel Mist, Defoes publisher. The popular suspect remains Mist, an opinion I agree with while fully admitting it could have been another writer under Mist. The mystery of who Captain Charles Johnson is cannot be solved beyond reasonable doubt, and its not the only problem with the book. Its full of claims without sources and when a source can be used to factcheck it, the facts don't add up. The book takes a true story and almost always twists it for more dramatic events or details almost certainly made up. Anne Bonny's story is the worst example, her chapter is mostly about her father's misunderstandings about silver spoons. It has quotes that were never said at her trial. It contradicts witness statements at the trial. In a book full of lies, Anne Bonny's chapter is perhaps the worst of the bunch.
So what is the truth? Well, Governor Woodes Rogers of the Bahamas first mentioned Anne in a proclamation recorded in the Boston Gazette. He said the pirate John Rackam, notice the spelling difference, stole a sloop called the William from the harbor. He did it with 14 people, 12 men and two women. He lists them as Ann Fulford, alias Bonny, and Mary Read. A key detail of Johnsons account is Mary dressing up as a man and not being discovered to be a woman until the trial. This makes it all very unlikely. There are some scattered papers of two female pirates on a sloop attacking fishing boats reported through September and October, no names are mentioned but we know who this is. The big document is the Tryials of John Rackam and other Pyrates. A pamphlet printed in Jamaica that functions like a transcript, its quite rare and very key to the story. The pamphlet mentions that they robbed several fishing boats, sloops and schooners until October 22 1720. On that day, Rackam was caught by the privateer Jonathan Barnet, who ironically had served as a pirate alongside Henry Jennings in 1715. He caught the pirate after a pathetically short battle and brought them to Jamaica. Rackam was hanged on the 18th. Anne and Mary faced the court and governor of Jamaica, Sir Nicholas Lawes, on November 28th in the court house of Spanish Town. Anne Bonny was called Ann Bonny, alias Bonn. There several witnesses were brought forward, captains of vessels they stole, and witnesses to there crimes. They described them as constantly swearing, giving powder to cannons, and boarding vessels with cutlass and pistols drawn. They even tried to kill a female witness at one point. They wore sailors regalia while plundering but dressed in womens clothing when off duty. They were called spinsters of New Providence, and they never said a word to save themselves at trial.
At the end they were condemned to death not far from Henry Morgan's favorite town, Port Royal. But before sentencing was done they claimed quick with child. Following a newspaper in 1721 that referenced the trial and some other scattered reports, they were never heard from again.
So who was Anne Bonny? Well I don't think she was Irish. The name Anne is an English surname, it was popular due to Queen Anne of Great Britains reign but also well known due to Anne Boleyn. The spelling of Anne or Ann also usually denoted social rank at the time. Bonny is a French English name, it comes from the word bon, meaning good. It was mostly associated with Lancashire County but popular in all of England. Those other names, Fulford and Bonn, were also found in England and not Ireland. Fulford was a popular surname in Staffordshire and Bonn is just a fancier spelling of the French word. Nobody at her trial made mention of an accent or red hair, hell she probably had brown hair if she was from England.
She is perhaps the same Ann Bonny who was baptized in St. Giles In the Fields Church in St Giles London in 1690. This Ann Bonny had several siblings and likely lived in St Giles, which was infamously a terrible place of poverty. St Giles was also close to the Tyburn Tree and Execution Dock, so its possibly if this is Anne Bonny, she might have witnessed William Kidds death in 1701.
Its possible if this is the same woman, that she moved to Nassau around 1716. 1716 saw a rise in prostitution in Nassau and if Anne was an adult woman without a husband on that island, odds are likely she was a sex worker. Mary Read was also likely a working girl. In 1720 Governor Rogers started trying to stamp out prostitution because of his stern religious beliefs. Around the same time he was doing this, was when Anne and Mary fled on the William. Perhaps this was the cause of her short piracy career.
Now as to what happened to Anne, well there are many theories. Perhaps she was executed after all, would contradict all the documents mentioning executions, so I doubt it. I doubt she escaped that would have been quite a public sensation. Many believe she escaped after her father paid for her release. This is false, the name often used for her father is William Cormac. This comes from the 1964 romance novel Mistress of the Seas by John Carlova. He made up almost everything, even stealing details from the movie Anne of the Indies, but somehow historians ended up quoting this. David Cordingly quoted it. Colin Woodard quoted it. Kate Williams quoted it. It might be what shows up on Anne's wikipedia page but its not true. We don't truly know who her parents were, I suspect they were probably just poor folk in England, nobody rich or powerful.
This begs the question, where did she go? Anne Bonny's fate is mysterious, Mary Read's isn't. Everyone agrees she died in 1721, but no document is ever shown. Sure some historians say there was a document, coming from a 1989 Clinton V Black book, but I couldn't find it on the internet. The library of Jamaica flat out sent me listings for a childrens book but not a document. I nearly gave up until I found a parish registry on a genealogy website. Mary Read died in April of 1721, the document mentions a Mary Read Pirate buried April 28th. It left me at a crossroads because I felt if there was no document for Mary, then maybe Anne died and nobody reported it. As a joke I typed in Anne's name to the genealogy site. By sheer luck I found a document listed as Ann Bonny, buried December 29th 1733, St Catherines Jamaica. Its the right area, St Catherines is where Spanish Town is. Its only 13 years after the trial, no family is listed and the spelling is without the phantom E Captain Charles Johnson added. There are other Ann Bonny's buried in Jamaica but all are from either 1710 or a far off date like 1790.
If this is her, then what likely happened is, the Governor took pity on her and let her go. There is a precedent, Mary Critchett, the only other female pirate convicted in the Golden Age, was never hanged and probably let go due to her gender. If let go, Anne probably went back to prostitution, no paper trail or taxes or owning a house. The child she had probably died or was taken, Jamaica was a rough place to live. Its what probably killed her, disease like yellow fever or tuberculosis. But she managed to outlive Governor Rogers, who died in 1732, and basically every notable pirate of the era. If she could read, maybe she even read her own legend be born with General History. Regardless, she is indeed a pirate legend, still going strong 300 years later and dare I say probably will remain popular in 300 more years.
She might be a legend now, but she was real once upon a time. She perhaps lived an unremarkable life after a remarkable two month time period. But its not what has been recorded, and it never will be. When the legend becomes fact, print the legend, so says a John Ford classic. Aye, a legend it may be and always be, but the truth can be learned if one looks hard enough. Buried treasure may not be real, but finding the real story behind a nearly mythical woman is nearly as sweet.
Special Thanks to

Script editor, Alexandros Chousakos aka Alexandros The Greek
Script co-editor Jacob Krehbiel
Script co-editor Jay Zenitsky
Script co-editor Mochi
Script co-editor Mona Sparks
Alexander Rodriguez
Amy Schafer
Andrew Rakich aka Atun-Shei Films
Ann Marie Lazarus
Ann Riley
Bear Derby
Brian Dunning
Cathedral of St. Jago De La Vega
Chris "Vertigo" Skoufis
Colin Woodard
Cynical History Forum
David Cordingly
David Fictum
Jack Rackam (Internet Personality)
Jean McCalmont
Jif
Joan Hartmann
Joseph Paul Hall-Patton aka The Cynical Historian
Marcia Jones
Mat "Animat" Brunet
Neil Rennie
Nick D'andrea
OOTWDF Forum
Paige Colley
Peggy Martinez
Professor Christianna Hurford
Rachel Arpin
Rachel Shatalov
Renegade Pop Culture
Sasuri
Sep
Subme1212
Talkernate History
Thomas Rodriguez
Tony Bartleme
Trent Coe
Veritas_Certum
YukikoKoiSan

Primary Sources

Ancestry.com. London, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Ann Bonny document
https://www.ancestry.com/discoveryui-content/view/14063071:1624?_phcmd=u(%27https://www.ancestry.com/search/?name=Ann_Bonny&birth=1690&birth_x=10-0-0&count=50&name_x=1_1&successSource=Search&queryId=a44328482965ba432af838e38c2bf348%27,%27successSource%27))
Ancestry.com. London, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. George Bonny document
https://www.ancestry.com/discoveryui-content/view/14057737:1624?indiv=1&tid=&pid=&queryId=06b993c21d621a8d93c8e257c305be8c&usePUB=true&_phsrc=23z1812524&_phstart=successSource
Anglican servants in the Caribbean, c.1610-c.1740
https://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/projects/caribbean/ministers,%20working.pdf
Boston Gazette, January 31, 1721 https://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/postandcourier.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/0/49/049b0e5e-dd54-11e8-bbd6-ff8c2a58116d/5bda1f3aaf8e3.image.jpg?crop=475%2C406%2C26%2C0&resize=400%2C342&order=crop%2Cresize
Boston Gazette, October 10th, 1720 https://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/postandcourier.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/e/d6/ed66b50e-dea1-11e8-9f67-9f5bfed7b75a/5bdc4f4cecde7.image.jpg?resize=400%2C283
Boston Gazette, Woodes Rogers proclamation September 5th, 1720. October 10-17th 1720 https://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/postandcourier.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/d/53/d53297f8-dd54-11e8-a5bb-f382533ea96d/5bda2070535b3.pdf.pdf
Fox, E.T. Pirates in Their Own Words. Lulu.com. 2014
"Jamaica, Church of England Parish Register Transcripts, 1664-1880", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:C2YR-RH6Z : 26 March 2020), Ann Bonny, 1733.
"Jamaica, Church of England Parish Register Transcripts, 1664-1880", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:CC2V-G2T2 : 28 February 2020), Mary Read, 1721.
Lancashire Online Parish Clerk Project. https://www.lan-opc.org.uk/
The Tryals of Captain John Rackam and other Pirates, 1721 https://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/postandcourier.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/89/68970990-ded9-11e8-be44-1b1f2868c03d/5bdcac97a7f1f.pdf.pdf
Ward, Ned. A Trip to Jamaica. 1698. https://grubstreetproject.net/works/R905?func=intro&display=text

Secondary Sources

Abbott, Karen. "If There's a Man Among Ye: The Tale of Pirate Queens Anne Bonny and Mary Read." August 9th, 2011. http://smithsonianmag.com/
Annebonnypirate.com, Anne Bonny and Female Pirates. http://www.annebonnypirate.com/
Appleby, John C. Women and English Piracy, 1540-1720: Partners and Victims of Crime. Boydell Press, 2015.
Black, Clinton V. Pirates of the West Indies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Bonny Last Name Origin. Surname Database. https://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Bonny
British Hair Colour and Eye Colour Percentage. Theapricity.com
https://www.theapricity.com/forum/showthread.php?40683-British-Hair-Colour-and-Eye-Colour-Percentage
Brooks, Baylus C. "Peter Heywood." baylusbrooks.com, 2015. http://baylusbrooks.com/index_files/Page2093.htm.
Charleston Pirates, Anne Bonny. http://www.charlestonpirates.com/anne_bonney.html
Child, Ben. Can Margot Robbie save Pirates of the Caribbean from irrelevance? The Guardian. July 2, 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/film/filmblog/2020/jul/02/can-margot-robbie-save-pirates-of-the-caribbeans-from-irrelevance
Cordingly, David. Under the Black Flag: The Romance and the Reality of Life among the Pirates. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2006.
Dolin, Eric Jay. Black Flags, Blue Waters, the Epic History of America's Most Notorious Pirates. Liveright, 2018.
Dunning, B. "Captain Kidd's Treasure." Skeptoid Podcast. Skeptoid Media, 25 Aug 2015. Web. 11 Aug 2020.https://skeptoid.com/episodes/4481
Eric W. Nye, Pounds Sterling to Dollars: Historical Conversion of Currency, accessed Thursday, September 10, 2020, https://www.uwyo.edu/numimage/currency.htm.
Estephe, St. "Unknown Gender History: Anne Bonny, Serial Killer Pirate – Caribbean, 1720." Unknown Gender History, September 20, 2016. http://unknownmisandry.blogspot.com/2016/09/anne-bonny-serial-killer-pirate.html.
Famous Pirates, Mary Read. https://sites.google.com/a/tomlinsonfox.me.uk/famous-pirates/home/mary-read
Fictum, David. "Anne Bonny and Mary Read: Female Pirates and Maritime Women." Colonies, Ships, and Pirates, May 8, 2016. https://csphistorical.com/2016/05/08/anne-bonny-and-mary-read-female-pirates-and-maritime-women-page-one/.
Fictum, David. "The Strongest Man Carries the Day, Life in New Providence, 1716-1717."
Colonies, Ships, and Pirates, July 26, 2015.
https://csphistorical.com/2015/07/26/the-strongest-man-carries-the-day-life-in-new-providence-1716-1717/
Frook, Evan John. "Verhoeven exits Col's 'Mistress of the Sea's." Variety. Jul 13, 1993. https://variety.com/1993/film/news/verhoeven-exits-col-s-mistress-of-the-seas-108633/
Fulford Family History, Ancestry.com. https://www.ancestry.com/name-origin?surname=fulford#:~:text=English%3A%20habitational%20name%20from%20places,'%20%2B%20ford%20'ford'.
Institute of Historical Research. "America and West Indies: October 1717, 1-15 British History Online." www.british-history.ac.uk, n.d. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/america-west-indies/vol30/pp50-68.
Ireland Civil Registration, Family Search.org. https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Ireland_Civil_Registration
Johnson, Captain Charles, A General History of the Pyrates, Second Edition, 1724 https://digital.lib.ecu.edu/17001#?c=0&m=0&s=0&cv=0&xywh=-897%2C-246%2C4792%2C4919
Konstam Angus, The Pirate World: A History of the Most Notorious Sea Robbers. Osprey, 2019.
Little, Benerson. Did Pirates Wear Eye Patches? Swordplay & Swashbucklers. https://benersonlittle.blog/2017/07/19/did-pirates-wear-eye-patches/
Little, Benerson. The Women in Red: The Evolution of a Pirate Trope. Swordplay & Swashbucklers. https://benersonlittle.blog/2020/07/08/the-women-in-red-the-evolution-of-a-pirate-trope/
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Bonny Anne. https://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-39085
Phillip Thomas Tucker. Anne Bonny: The Infamous Female Pirate. Port Townsend, Wa: Feral House, 2017.
Powers, Anne M. "Death and Disease in Jamaica." A Parcel of Ribbons, January 14, 2012. http://aparcelofribbons.co.uk/2012/01/death-and-disease-in-jamaica/.
Rediker, Marcus. Villains of All Nations: Atlantic Pirates in the Golden Age. London: Verso, 2012.
Rennie, Neil. Treasure Neverland: Real and Imaginary Pirates. Oxford University Press, 2016.
Schonhorn, Manuel. A General History of the Pyrates – by Charles Johnson. Dover Publications. 1999
Seeker Land. "Real Caribbean Pirates - Full History Documentary." Dailymotion, May 21, 2018. https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x6im4a2.
Stanley, Jo. Bold in Her Breeches: Women Pirates across the Ages. London; San Francisco: Pandora, 1996.
[email protected], Tony Bartelme. "The True and False Stories of Anne Bonny, Pirate Woman of the Caribbean." Post and Courier, November 21, 2018. https://www.postandcourier.com/news/the-true-and-false-stories-of-anne-bonny-pirate-woman-of-the-caribbean/article_e7fc1e2c-101d-11e8-90b7-9fdf20ba62f8.html.
Team, Mintel Press. "Blonde Is the UK's Number 1 Dyed Hair Colour of Choice." Mintel, May 2, 2018. https://www.mintel.com/press-centre/beauty-and-personal-care/brits-prefer-blondes-blonde-is-the-nations-number-one-dyed-hair-colour-of-choice#:~:text=But%20while%20blonde%20is%20the.
Thomas, Graham, The Pirate King: The Incredible Story of the Real Captain Morgan. Simon and Schuster. 2015
Vallar, Cindy. "Pirates & Privateers - Johnson vs. Defoe: Will the Real Author Stand Up?" www.cindyvallar.com, n.d. http://www.cindyvallar.com/GHP.html.
Woodard, Colin. The Republic of Pirates: Being the True and Surprising Story of the Caribbean Pirates and the Man Who Brought Them Down. London: Pan Books, 2016.
submitted by TylerbioRodriguez to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.11.29 02:00 TylerbioRodriguez The Legend of Anne Bonny, 300 years later. (Full essay, video and article)

Well here it is everyone. It started on May 30th and it ends today, the evening of the 28th, 300 years to the day Anne Bonny was tried for piracy and never seen again. I would thank everyone here but those who helped are featured in the credits of the video and this post. This subject was covered in an article today in the Post and Courier, and I intend to send this to several newspapers and eventually publish it in a historical journal. The video is 71 minutes long so this post is more or less a written summary of the entire project. All sources are listed at the end.
Video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOiUgXyk0Fs)
Article (https://www.postandcourier.com/news/a-22-year-old-youtuber-may-have-solved-anne-bonny-pirate-mystery-300-years-aftearticle_78fc0a2e-2914-11eb-a5f5-03b65f4d281a.html)

Anne Bonny was a violent lesbian sailor. Anne Bonny was a serial killer. Anne Bonny was a feminist hero. Anne Bonny was an inspirational LGBTQ icon. Anne Bonny was a mere child who didn't think her life through. Anne Bonny was a heroine of the people. All of these phrases have been said by someone. Marcus Rediker, Kate Williams, David Cordingly, reactionary bloggers, all of them. None of this is true. She might be a famous icon of the Golden Age of Piracy, depicted in Black Flag, Black Sails, the Pirates of the Caribbean ride and so on, but she isn't a well understood figure of history. She was treated as more an oddity by contemporary writers, in the vain of a carnival barker saying come see the freaks. She is a prism to the past, a cipher. Everyone sees something in her that reflects what they believe. So what is the truth? Who was she and what happened to her?
Its a difficult question to answer. Documents are hard to find, mostly kept in libraries across the Americas and the West Indies. Most come in the form of newspapers and short articles, a proclamation from a governor here and there, and court transcripts. Anything written years later is already unreliable, and details that come from the 20th century onward is almost always nonsense.
The Golden Age of Piracy is difficult to define, everyone has a different opinion on when it began and ended. I picked the longest timeframe, 1650 to 1730. An era defined by Henry Morgan, Henry Every, William Kidd, Edward Thatch, and Bartholomew Roberts. In this time period of legendary criminals came a woman named Anne Bonny. Said to be from Ireland, bastard daughter of an attorney and a maid. She moved to the Carolinas, lived a life that included stabbing a maid and almost killing a rapist, before running away with a sailor to Nassau, the Pirate Republic. She falls in love with Jack Rackham, quartermaster for Charles Vane. Rackham seizes power, Anne runs away from her husband and they plunder ship after ship. Eventually Anne falls for a sailor who is really Mary Read, becoming close friends. The British navy eventually captures them, Rackham is hanged but the two women avoid the noose by way of pregnancy. Mary dies in prison but Anne is never seen again.
This is the story as told in Captain Charles Johnson's General History of the Pyrates. Who was Captain Charles Johnson? It was an alias, not his real name. Almost certainly taken from the playwright Charles Johnson, who wrote a play about pirate Henry Every. In the 1930s historians mostly agreed Johnson was Daniel Defoe, author of Robinson Crusoe. In the 1980s the general opinion changed to Nathaniel Mist, Defoes publisher. The popular suspect remains Mist, an opinion I agree with while fully admitting it could have been another writer under Mist. The mystery of who Captain Charles Johnson is cannot be solved beyond reasonable doubt, and its not the only problem with the book. Its full of claims without sources and when a source can be used to factcheck it, the facts don't add up. The book takes a true story and almost always twists it for more dramatic events or details almost certainly made up. Anne Bonny's story is the worst example, her chapter is mostly about her father's misunderstandings about silver spoons. It has quotes that were never said at her trial. It contradicts witness statements at the trial. In a book full of lies, Anne Bonny's chapter is perhaps the worst of the bunch.
So what is the truth? Well, Governor Woodes Rogers of the Bahamas first mentioned Anne in a proclamation recorded in the Boston Gazette. He said the pirate John Rackam, notice the spelling difference, stole a sloop called the William from the harbor. He did it with 14 people, 12 men and two women. He lists them as Ann Fulford, alias Bonny, and Mary Read. A key detail of Johnsons account is Mary dressing up as a man and not being discovered to be a woman until the trial. This makes it all very unlikely. There are some scattered papers of two female pirates on a sloop attacking fishing boats reported through September and October, no names are mentioned but we know who this is. The big document is the Tryials of John Rackam and other Pyrates. A pamphlet printed in Jamaica that functions like a transcript, its quite rare and very key to the story. The pamphlet mentions that they robbed several fishing boats, sloops and schooners until October 22 1720. On that day, Rackam was caught by the privateer Jonathan Barnet, who ironically had served as a pirate alongside Henry Jennings in 1715. He caught the pirate after a pathetically short battle and brought them to Jamaica. Rackam was hanged on the 18th. Anne and Mary faced the court and governor of Jamaica, Sir Nicholas Lawes, on November 28th in the court house of Spanish Town. Anne Bonny was called Ann Bonny, alias Bonn. There several witnesses were brought forward, captains of vessels they stole, and witnesses to there crimes. They described them as constantly swearing, giving powder to cannons, and boarding vessels with cutlass and pistols drawn. They even tried to kill a female witness at one point. They wore sailors regalia while plundering but dressed in womens clothing when off duty. They were called spinsters of New Providence, and they never said a word to save themselves at trial.
At the end they were condemned to death not far from Henry Morgan's favorite town, Port Royal. But before sentencing was done they claimed quick with child. Following a newspaper in 1721 that referenced the trial and some other scattered reports, they were never heard from again.
So who was Anne Bonny? Well I don't think she was Irish. The name Anne is an English surname, it was popular due to Queen Anne of Great Britains reign but also well known due to Anne Boleyn. The spelling of Anne or Ann also usually denoted social rank at the time. Bonny is a French English name, it comes from the word bon, meaning good. It was mostly associated with Lancashire County but popular in all of England. Those other names, Fulford and Bonn, were also found in England and not Ireland. Fulford was a popular surname in Staffordshire and Bonn is just a fancier spelling of the French word. Nobody at her trial made mention of an accent or red hair, hell she probably had brown hair if she was from England.
She is perhaps the same Ann Bonny who was baptized in St. Giles In the Fields Church in St Giles London in 1690. This Ann Bonny had several siblings and likely lived in St Giles, which was infamously a terrible place of poverty. St Giles was also close to the Tyburn Tree and Execution Dock, so its possibly if this is Anne Bonny, she might have witnessed William Kidds death in 1701.
Its possible if this is the same woman, that she moved to Nassau around 1716. 1716 saw a rise in prostitution in Nassau and if Anne was an adult woman without a husband on that island, odds are likely she was a sex worker. Mary Read was also likely a working girl. In 1720 Governor Rogers started trying to stamp out prostitution because of his stern religious beliefs. Around the same time he was doing this, was when Anne and Mary fled on the William. Perhaps this was the cause of her short piracy career.
Now as to what happened to Anne, well there are many theories. Perhaps she was executed after all, would contradict all the documents mentioning executions, so I doubt it. I doubt she escaped that would have been quite a public sensation. Many believe she escaped after her father paid for her release. This is false, the name often used for her father is William Cormac. This comes from the 1964 romance novel Mistress of the Seas by John Carlova. He made up almost everything, even stealing details from the movie Anne of the Indies, but somehow historians ended up quoting this. David Cordingly quoted it. Colin Woodard quoted it. Kate Williams quoted it. It might be what shows up on Anne's wikipedia page but its not true. We don't truly know who her parents were, I suspect they were probably just poor folk in England, nobody rich or powerful.
This begs the question, where did she go? Anne Bonny's fate is mysterious, Mary Read's isn't. Everyone agrees she died in 1721, but no document is ever shown. Sure some historians say there was a document, coming from a 1989 Clinton V Black book, but I couldn't find it on the internet. The library of Jamaica flat out sent me listings for a childrens book but not a document. I nearly gave up until I found a parish registry on a genealogy website. Mary Read died in April of 1721, the document mentions a Mary Read Pirate buried April 28th. It left me at a crossroads because I felt if there was no document for Mary, then maybe Anne died and nobody reported it. As a joke I typed in Anne's name to the genealogy site. By sheer luck I found a document listed as Ann Bonny, buried December 29th 1733, St Catherines Jamaica. Its the right area, St Catherines is where Spanish Town is. Its only 13 years after the trial, no family is listed and the spelling is without the phantom E Captain Charles Johnson added. There are other Ann Bonny's buried in Jamaica but all are from either 1710 or a far off date like 1790.
If this is her, then what likely happened is, the Governor took pity on her and let her go. There is a precedent, Mary Critchett, the only other female pirate convicted in the Golden Age, was never hanged and probably let go due to her gender. If let go, Anne probably went back to prostitution, no paper trail or taxes or owning a house. The child she had probably died or was taken, Jamaica was a rough place to live. Its what probably killed her, disease like yellow fever or tuberculosis. But she managed to outlive Governor Rogers, who died in 1732, and basically every notable pirate of the era. If she could read, maybe she even read her own legend be born with General History. Regardless, she is indeed a pirate legend, still going strong 300 years later and dare I say probably will remain popular in 300 more years.
She might be a legend now, but she was real once upon a time. She perhaps lived an unremarkable life after a remarkable two month time period. But its not what has been recorded, and it never will be. When the legend becomes fact, print the legend, so says a John Ford classic. Aye, a legend it may be and always be, but the truth can be learned if one looks hard enough. Buried treasure may not be real, but finding the real story behind a nearly mythical woman is nearly as sweet.
Special Thanks to

Script editor, Alexandros Chousakos aka Alexandros The Greek
Script co-editor Jacob Krehbiel
Script co-editor Jay Zenitsky
Script co-editor Mochi
Script co-editor Mona Sparks
Alexander Rodriguez
Amy Schafer
Andrew Rakich aka Atun-Shei Films
Ann Marie Lazarus
Ann Riley
Bear Derby
Brian Dunning
Cathedral of St. Jago De La Vega
Chris "Vertigo" Skoufis
Colin Woodard
Cynical History Forum
David Cordingly
David Fictum
Jack Rackam (Internet Personality)
Jean McCalmont
Jif
Joan Hartmann
Joseph Paul Hall-Patton aka The Cynical Historian
Marcia Jones
Mat "Animat" Brunet
Neil Rennie
Nick D'andrea
OOTWDF Forum
Paige Colley
Peggy Martinez
Professor Christianna Hurford
Rachel Arpin
Rachel Shatalov
Renegade Pop Culture
Sasuri
Sep
Subme1212
Talkernate History
Thomas Rodriguez
Tony Bartleme
Trent Coe
Veritas_Certum
YukikoKoiSan

Primary Sources

Ancestry.com. London, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Ann Bonny document
https://www.ancestry.com/discoveryui-content/view/14063071:1624?_phcmd=u(%27https://www.ancestry.com/search/?name=Ann_Bonny&birth=1690&birth_x=10-0-0&count=50&name_x=1_1&successSource=Search&queryId=a44328482965ba432af838e38c2bf348%27,%27successSource%27))
Ancestry.com. London, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. George Bonny document
https://www.ancestry.com/discoveryui-content/view/14057737:1624?indiv=1&tid=&pid=&queryId=06b993c21d621a8d93c8e257c305be8c&usePUB=true&_phsrc=23z1812524&_phstart=successSource
Anglican servants in the Caribbean, c.1610-c.1740
https://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/projects/caribbean/ministers,%20working.pdf
Boston Gazette, January 31, 1721 https://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/postandcourier.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/0/49/049b0e5e-dd54-11e8-bbd6-ff8c2a58116d/5bda1f3aaf8e3.image.jpg?crop=475%2C406%2C26%2C0&resize=400%2C342&order=crop%2Cresize
Boston Gazette, October 10th, 1720 https://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/postandcourier.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/e/d6/ed66b50e-dea1-11e8-9f67-9f5bfed7b75a/5bdc4f4cecde7.image.jpg?resize=400%2C283
Boston Gazette, Woodes Rogers proclamation September 5th, 1720. October 10-17th 1720 https://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/postandcourier.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/d/53/d53297f8-dd54-11e8-a5bb-f382533ea96d/5bda2070535b3.pdf.pdf
Fox, E.T. Pirates in Their Own Words. Lulu.com. 2014
"Jamaica, Church of England Parish Register Transcripts, 1664-1880", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:C2YR-RH6Z : 26 March 2020), Ann Bonny, 1733.
"Jamaica, Church of England Parish Register Transcripts, 1664-1880", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:CC2V-G2T2 : 28 February 2020), Mary Read, 1721.
Lancashire Online Parish Clerk Project. https://www.lan-opc.org.uk/
The Tryals of Captain John Rackam and other Pirates, 1721 https://bloximages.newyork1.vip.townnews.com/postandcourier.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/6/89/68970990-ded9-11e8-be44-1b1f2868c03d/5bdcac97a7f1f.pdf.pdf
Ward, Ned. A Trip to Jamaica. 1698. https://grubstreetproject.net/works/R905?func=intro&display=text

Secondary Sources

Abbott, Karen. "If There's a Man Among Ye: The Tale of Pirate Queens Anne Bonny and Mary Read." August 9th, 2011. http://smithsonianmag.com/
Annebonnypirate.com, Anne Bonny and Female Pirates. http://www.annebonnypirate.com/
Appleby, John C. Women and English Piracy, 1540-1720: Partners and Victims of Crime. Boydell Press, 2015.
Black, Clinton V. Pirates of the West Indies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Bonny Last Name Origin. Surname Database. https://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Bonny
British Hair Colour and Eye Colour Percentage. Theapricity.com
https://www.theapricity.com/forum/showthread.php?40683-British-Hair-Colour-and-Eye-Colour-Percentage
Brooks, Baylus C. "Peter Heywood." baylusbrooks.com, 2015. http://baylusbrooks.com/index_files/Page2093.htm.
Charleston Pirates, Anne Bonny. http://www.charlestonpirates.com/anne_bonney.html
Child, Ben. Can Margot Robbie save Pirates of the Caribbean from irrelevance? The Guardian. July 2, 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/film/filmblog/2020/jul/02/can-margot-robbie-save-pirates-of-the-caribbeans-from-irrelevance
Cordingly, David. Under the Black Flag: The Romance and the Reality of Life among the Pirates. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2006.
Dolin, Eric Jay. Black Flags, Blue Waters, the Epic History of America's Most Notorious Pirates. Liveright, 2018.
Dunning, B. "Captain Kidd's Treasure." Skeptoid Podcast. Skeptoid Media, 25 Aug 2015. Web. 11 Aug 2020.https://skeptoid.com/episodes/4481
Eric W. Nye, Pounds Sterling to Dollars: Historical Conversion of Currency, accessed Thursday, September 10, 2020, https://www.uwyo.edu/numimage/currency.htm.
Estephe, St. "Unknown Gender History: Anne Bonny, Serial Killer Pirate – Caribbean, 1720." Unknown Gender History, September 20, 2016. http://unknownmisandry.blogspot.com/2016/09/anne-bonny-serial-killer-pirate.html.
Famous Pirates, Mary Read. https://sites.google.com/a/tomlinsonfox.me.uk/famous-pirates/home/mary-read
Fictum, David. "Anne Bonny and Mary Read: Female Pirates and Maritime Women." Colonies, Ships, and Pirates, May 8, 2016. https://csphistorical.com/2016/05/08/anne-bonny-and-mary-read-female-pirates-and-maritime-women-page-one/.
Fictum, David. "The Strongest Man Carries the Day, Life in New Providence, 1716-1717."
Colonies, Ships, and Pirates, July 26, 2015.
https://csphistorical.com/2015/07/26/the-strongest-man-carries-the-day-life-in-new-providence-1716-1717/
Frook, Evan John. "Verhoeven exits Col's 'Mistress of the Sea's." Variety. Jul 13, 1993. https://variety.com/1993/film/news/verhoeven-exits-col-s-mistress-of-the-seas-108633/
Fulford Family History, Ancestry.com. https://www.ancestry.com/name-origin?surname=fulford#:~:text=English%3A%20habitational%20name%20from%20places,'%20%2B%20ford%20'ford'.
Institute of Historical Research. "America and West Indies: October 1717, 1-15 British History Online." www.british-history.ac.uk, n.d. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/colonial/america-west-indies/vol30/pp50-68.
Ireland Civil Registration, Family Search.org. https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Ireland_Civil_Registration
Johnson, Captain Charles, A General History of the Pyrates, Second Edition, 1724 https://digital.lib.ecu.edu/17001#?c=0&m=0&s=0&cv=0&xywh=-897%2C-246%2C4792%2C4919
Konstam Angus, The Pirate World: A History of the Most Notorious Sea Robbers. Osprey, 2019.
Little, Benerson. Did Pirates Wear Eye Patches? Swordplay & Swashbucklers. https://benersonlittle.blog/2017/07/19/did-pirates-wear-eye-patches/
Little, Benerson. The Women in Red: The Evolution of a Pirate Trope. Swordplay & Swashbucklers. https://benersonlittle.blog/2020/07/08/the-women-in-red-the-evolution-of-a-pirate-trope/
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Bonny Anne. https://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-39085
Phillip Thomas Tucker. Anne Bonny: The Infamous Female Pirate. Port Townsend, Wa: Feral House, 2017.
Powers, Anne M. "Death and Disease in Jamaica." A Parcel of Ribbons, January 14, 2012. http://aparcelofribbons.co.uk/2012/01/death-and-disease-in-jamaica/.
Rediker, Marcus. Villains of All Nations: Atlantic Pirates in the Golden Age. London: Verso, 2012.
Rennie, Neil. Treasure Neverland: Real and Imaginary Pirates. Oxford University Press, 2016.
Schonhorn, Manuel. A General History of the Pyrates – by Charles Johnson. Dover Publications. 1999
Seeker Land. "Real Caribbean Pirates - Full History Documentary." Dailymotion, May 21, 2018. https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x6im4a2.
Stanley, Jo. Bold in Her Breeches: Women Pirates across the Ages. London; San Francisco: Pandora, 1996.
[email protected], Tony Bartelme. "The True and False Stories of Anne Bonny, Pirate Woman of the Caribbean." Post and Courier, November 21, 2018. https://www.postandcourier.com/news/the-true-and-false-stories-of-anne-bonny-pirate-woman-of-the-caribbean/article_e7fc1e2c-101d-11e8-90b7-9fdf20ba62f8.html.
Team, Mintel Press. "Blonde Is the UK's Number 1 Dyed Hair Colour of Choice." Mintel, May 2, 2018. https://www.mintel.com/press-centre/beauty-and-personal-care/brits-prefer-blondes-blonde-is-the-nations-number-one-dyed-hair-colour-of-choice#:~:text=But%20while%20blonde%20is%20the.
Thomas, Graham, The Pirate King: The Incredible Story of the Real Captain Morgan. Simon and Schuster. 2015
Vallar, Cindy. "Pirates & Privateers - Johnson vs. Defoe: Will the Real Author Stand Up?" www.cindyvallar.com, n.d. http://www.cindyvallar.com/GHP.html.
Woodard, Colin. The Republic of Pirates: Being the True and Surprising Story of the Caribbean Pirates and the Man Who Brought Them Down. London: Pan Books, 2016.
submitted by TylerbioRodriguez to badhistory [link] [comments]


2020.11.28 22:23 Christi-Cat [BATTLE] War of Irish Independence pt3.

The Limmerick Offensive
The war in Ireland dragged on, the British deciding to consolidate their gains to great effect. IRA strongholds that had been encircled, were destroyed, often times alongside the villages and towns that they hid in. These images of atrocities would soon be broadcast to the world. Nevertheless, the British planned a major offensive, aimed at retaking Limerick and dividing IRA territory. A concentrated offensive drove its way through IRA territory, recapturing towns, burning farms and destroying Irish property. The IRA fought fiercely, utilizing explosives and make shift firebombs against British armored cars, but ultimately sheer weight of numbers pulled the British through. By December the city of Limerick had been captured and a bloody cut made through IRA territories. The IRA, seemingly desperate, attempted a major gambit: an attack on the Dublin Customs house. The British authorities, through spies implanted in the IRA, learnt of the attack but not its time or date. Regardless, defense of the building was increased. The attack happened on December 15th, and ended with the the defeat of the IRA forces.
The Public war
News and images of atrocities committed by the Blacks and Tans spread across the world. The Irish community in America responded violently, tens of thousands took to the streets in Boston and New York demanding justice. The rest of the American populace was equally disgusted by the images of families outside burning barns, women beaten and raped and the bodies of suspected IRA collaborators. In Britain the images spurred strikes and protests by the Irish population. Glasgow was engulfed in 3 days of rioting after a football match between Rangers and Celtic turned violent. Smaller protests happened in Birmingham, Bradford and Manchester. The docks in Liverpool were closed for 3 days after 6,000 workers went on strike. The British public has also turned against the war, many are weary of 'news from the front' and desire a separate peace. The Blacks and Tans totally failed to find new recruits, with most men now either employed or unwilling to participate. In Ireland the population, though still favoring independence, is war weary. The vast majority favor a negotiated peace which provides Ireland independence along the lines of Canada.
submitted by Christi-Cat to SWWP [link] [comments]


2020.11.28 20:03 Blarzor Beginner reviewing 28 fragrance samples from Fragrant World Shop + 7 pre-owned

For start, I'm completely new to fragrances but it quickly became my hobby and I ordered lots of samples.
Shipping from Fragrance World Shop was quiet long (about 3-4 weeks due to Covid transportation restrictions) but all the juice is original from what I can tell and the sprayers are so-so.
Note that sometimes I'm gonna give Avon higher rating due to the fact that they're very affordable, I don't find Avon's Magnolia En Fleurs better than Thierry Mugler Pure Malt for example (yeah I realize they're not even the same category of a frag). It just means it's great fragrance for the price. If I rated it high, it probably means it's worth getting because it smells great and it's cheap (according to me).

ME

I am 27 years old male, introverted personality and my favorite fragrances right before testing new decants are Encre Noire (due to its originality and dry down) and Banana Republic 78 Vintage Green due to very original fresh scent which I never smelled before. What I also semi-blind bought but then disliked is Avon Attraction One Intense (Avon catalogue page smelled like La Nuit De L'Homme, Attraction One Intense is much more orange blossomy than tester page actually smelled like). I also own Avon Mesmerize Black For Him which I just like, It's actually too strong smelling for my taste. Mesmerize Black is PR One Million clone. It's actually great performer and value at 8€. I also liked Montale Black Aoud (decant) as a gothic Dracula-like smelling fragrance. Its downfall for me is that it's actually too damn strong. Just keeps getting stronger and stronger until I have to wash it off my hand because it becomes cloying. Only freshy in my collection is Banana Republic 78 Vintage Green which I had no chance of wearing yet during the summer. I blind bought it but do not regret the purchase.

ALREADY OWNED FRAGRANCES REVIEW:

Lalique Encre Noire
This fragrance screams EARTH. It also has one of the best smelling sprayer nozzles (if that's the right word - sorry English is not my first language) which means it has amazing drydown. The fragrance is quite simple, it opens up with cypress, then turns into a very damp, wet roots which is vetiver. This middle vetiver phase is also the worst part of the fragrance to my nose, It's just not pleasing to me. However, after about 40 minutes you get this beautiful cashmere wood and musk which are the most beautiful parts of this fragrance to my nose. It is dark, elegant, sophisticated, I really get goosebumps smelling this fragrance after long time. This fragrance to me is a vampire sleeping in a coffin in the middle of a damp cypress forest. It really feels like a gothic fragrance. I love it but it's not perfect due to the middle which I dislike.
8/10
Avon Attraction One Intense
I feel tricked by Avon to be honest. I honestly think they spray La Nuit De L'Homme over catalogue pages for this fragrance because that is what the page smelled like. Instead, this fragrance is very strong on orange blossom, cardamom and coffee. Fragrance opens up with cardamom and bergamot. In the middle I get very strong orange blossom mixed with vanilla and coffee. It dries down into vanilla and sandalwood. I don't know what's going on with Fragrantica but they removed orange blossom note from the breakdown but it's very obviously the strongest player in this. This fragrance is actually performance beast and lasts for a long time, don't buy if you don't like cloying fragrances which you'll smell at every second. I don't think this is a bad date night fragrance at all and it's very unisex, it's just not for me since I don't enjoy strong orange fragrances. Gotta give this one credit where credit is due, I think that this would still work well as a dating fragrance. This one cost me 15€.
6/10
Avon Mesmerize Black For Him
In short, a very cheap fragrance (8€) which smells like a more sour and peppery Armani Code Profumo. Definitely worse smelling than AC Profumo but still a great cheapie if you are into Paco Rabanne One Million or AC Profumo sweet fragrances. Performance is average to good. For me it's actually too cloying so I just not really use it. Only reason this has higher rating than Armani Code Profumo is because it's cheaper and easy to buy, AC Profumo is actually a better fragrance.
6.5/10
Banana Republic 78 Vintage Green
It's a very pleasant cheap green fragrance which smells almost niche. It opens up with bergamot, mandarin and green leaves. You can actually dissect this fragrance very well, it's very well layered. In the middle I'm getting jasmine, green tea and fig. What I'm getting in the late drydown is cedar. Longevity and performance are average. This is a nice substitute to freshies although performance could be better.
8/10
Montale Black Aoud
I got a sample of this because I got told it smells like Dracula and I have to agree, I really think this is how Dracula would smell like, although this also reminded me of the perfumes old women would wear. This one was a grower for me, a strong rose / oud fragrance with dark twist. This one last forever and after dry down it became even stronger to the point it got cloying and I had to wash it down. Otherwise I really like this one, just wish it was weaker.
8/10

TESTING MOTHER'S AVON FRAGRANCES (FROM MEMORY):

Avon Magnolia en Fleurs
This one is by perfumer Maurice Roucel. Magnolia en Fleurs is a very beautiful 30+ women fragrance with a soothing quality and great bang for your buck since It's from Avon. I have no idea about longevity but I liked it as a man. It's an soft, elegant, relaxing magnolia based fragrance which I recommend.
9/10
Avon Marriage of Jasmine & Tuberose
I like this one as well, but it's very obviously 45+ fragrance or you could use it for marriage. As the name says it's Jasmine and Tuberose fragrance.
7.75/10

DECANT REVIEWS:

Zoologist Squid
Easiest way for me to describe this is that it smells like elegant Boswellia Carterii eteric oil (frankincense), while Boswellia Carterii smells sweet, Squid turns that sweetness into more elegant and "muted approach". Think Encre Noir drydown type of dark and elegant. Putting my nose to the hand reveals very slightly fishy scent which I'm assuming is Ambergris. Smelling my jar of sea salt, I'm definitely getting lots of sea salt in Squid as well. Squid is all about the incense and salt to my nose. For me it was interesting but was expecting to be more mind blown. Definitely Unisex, to me leans slightly feminine. This fragrance doesn't develop much from first spray to the drydown. After 5 hours it does however start to smell like catholic church censer frankincense. Good and different fragrance but I wouldn't actually buy it for myself due to price. Would love to find a cheaper similar smelling alternative.
8/10
Creed Aventus (Batch 20B11N)
What I was getting right after initial spray was grapefruit and strong zingy bergamot. Mind you, my nose sucks but why the hell does this smell like less sweet Banana Republic 78 Vintage Green minus the fig? I can tell right away that this is a dumb reach for men but it's very boring to me. It does however give that professional vibe. Would I pay this much for a bottle of this? Hell no, not when Green Vintage that I own costs only 30€ and smells very similar. It's honestly nothing special to me and rather boring. On my skin it just doesn't develop into anything and stays the same all the time. After 24 hours it weirdly started smelling like ham with some orange on top and I had to wash it off.
6.25/10
Xerjoff Naxos
Wow, this is first time smelling a tobacco fragrance and I'm positively surprised since I was expecting more of a cigarette smoke type of thing. Naxos surely brings back memories, someone in my family must have worn tobacco fragrances in the past. I have to say that this one is very difficult to figure out for my noob nose but this is what I've got. I get a lot of tobacco, honey, vanilla. I didn't really get that Bergamot or Citrus smell on initial spray which is weird. I found this one not to develop much on me, but it has strong performance and sillage, you probably need just 1 or 2 sprays. This smells like an really elegant, refined tobacco without any harshness. I'd definitely pick this over Aventus for office wear. Very well balanced fragrance which most people will like. Unisex, I know that most people say that it leans masculine but to me it leans more feminine.
9/10
YVS - La Nuit de L'Homme
I swear to god that this is what Avon sprays Attraction One Intense (black packaging) catalogue page with. This is how the Avon page smelled like, but when I recieved Attraction One Intense it smelled different and way too strong in a bad way (too much orange blossom). As you can tell I love LNdL because this is what I thought Avon perfume would smell like when I ordered it. My only gripe with LNdL is that performance is quiet bad. After one hour the performance already sucks. Smell is 9/10, performance is 3/10. I'd buy it if performance didn't suck so much. I still prefer it over Aventus if I apply more sprays. After 5 hours I'm not smelling it anymore. Does anyone know same smelling alternative that actually lasts? Definitely not buying this one, performance sucks too much, I'd however consider buying a good clone.
8.5/10
MMM By The Fireplace
I wasn't expecting it to smell like this, I was expecting some smokiness but I get more of a bubblegummy sweetness, less chestnut, more marshmallow. I was kinda disappointed that it's not more smokey and woody. You do get some of the burned wood but marshmallow like smell is more overpowering . It doesn't smell bad though, just wouldn't wear it as a man. Performance seems to be average.
7/10
Amouage Interlude Man
This one is difficult for me to explain due to my limited nose. Looking at Fragrantica list I'm definitely getting oregano and pepper on top, incense in the middle, sweetness from amber and some sort of frankincense. This is way too strong for my personal taste, it reminds me of something grandpa would wear, I definitely get this old person and spice drawer association. I can tell off the bat that this will have strong performance. Maybe this spicy style is not for me... This is NOT a bad fragrance if you're into spicy and middle eastern ones, if you guys like this sorts of fragrances then you'd definitely rate it much higher than me.
5/10
Terre d' Hermes EDT
I was told I'd love this one as Encre Noire fan. Well let's see - In the top I'm getting mandarin and grapefruit (i thought grapefruit was vetiver at first). To get the pepper in the middle which is mentioned on Fragrantica, I really have to sniff close to the hand. I feel like after 15 minutes, the middle is strong mandarin and some pepper. 4 hours later my amateur nose gets mainly mandarin mixed with some cedar and pepper. This fragrance made me realize that i'm really not into orangey frags too much. I do however think that this is better than Aventus for office.
6.75/10
Amouage Jubilation XXV
I know that this is very complex fragrance but I can sum it up in 3 words = Date Palm Fruit. Yes it really smells like that and I hate date palm fruit unfortunately. Right off the bat, this fragrance sits close to the skin and you won't see it project much. I sprayed it twice on my hand and it still feels weak. I find Interlude Man more interesting even though I don't like it either - let's not even mention how much stronger Interlude Man is. If I do try to break this frag down - I am getting some blackberry in the top, honey and cinnamon in the middle and some sort of frankincense in the bottom. After 5 hours i'm getting frankincense, honey. Sorry, this DNA is not for me.
4/10
L'Occitane Eau Des Baux
Honestly, I returned twice to this fragrance. I liked it first time on paper but disliked it the second time wearing it. Overall it's a very safe fragrance but not for me. Fragrance opens up with cardamom and cypress but quickly shows us the drydown which is tonka bean and vanilla. The fragrance doesn't develop much. For me this mixture of cardamom, cypress and vanilla is just too cloying and makes me just slightly sick, especially in a closed space with no fresh air. Performance and longevity are average.
6.5/10
Serge Lutens Chergui
Right off the bat I'm getting tobacco, honey, hay - the hay is quite noticable in this one together with tobacco. Smelling this in first 10 minutes, it almost has kind of a fresh quality to it, like if you were smelling mint but it's tobacco - you feel that freshness feeling in the back of your nose. I don't really know how other notes in this fragrance smell by itself so my knowledge is limited. I did however hear that sandalwood smells very sexy so I'm guessing sandalwood is giving this frag this sexy vibe underneath. The frag itsef has almost lipstick quality to it if that makes sense, it's giving me kinda powdery feeling. This is really, good but I don't think it's better than Naxos for me scent wise. I also do think that Chergui is much more feminine leaning than Naxos. This one seems to be a beast longevity wise because It's getting more and more loud in first 30 minutes. I recommend this one for women specifically although men could rock it as well with right attire. I like it, but it becomes too cloying over time. Had to wash it off after 2 hours. It gets my recommendation if you can handle strong fragrances.
7.75/10
Creed Green Irish Tweed
First thing I thought when I smelled this is "this is so old school". This is something that's more appropriate for a man above the age of 40. This is one of the first frags I tested that actually gives me the shower gel vibe that everyone talks about in fragrances. Citrus on top (lemon verbena) gives this a nice fresh vibe but at the same time, the iris and violet leaf make it more grounded and old school, more appropriate for middle aged folks. I'd call this one fresh and classy. I'd rock it more with a suit. If you are under 40 you can still rock it with a suit in my opinion. It's a formal fragrance to me. Sillage and projection are average. Not bad for a freshie but I really wouldn't pay so much for shower gel fragrance when you can buy just some cheap one in supermarket and smell similar...
7.25/10
Mugler Pure Malt
Wow, I think I love this one just as much as Xerjoff Naxos, it's a sexy one. This one is hard for my nose to understand but I'm definitely getting those "fruity notes" on the top, whiskey and coffee in the middle and mostly vanilla and amber in the drydown. I'll have to do the battle between Naxos and this one later to see who comes on top for me. This one is definitely a buy for me.
9/10
Tom Ford Oud Wood
Bitter, classic, commanding - this is what I'd describe this fragrance as. This is first time I'm clearly smelling Oud and feels like a good benchmark for what it smells like. I definitely smelled oud before and just didn't know it. This is what I imagine someone above 50 would wear. I get agarwood, cardamom, pepper and some vetiver. I don't think it's appropriate for someone around my age. I felt like I smelled this or something similar around uncles in my life. Not too big of a fan of this one, I washed it off after 2 hours, I don't like it.
4/10
Creed Royal Oud
This is sweeter take on Oud compared to TF Oud Wood. This one has kind of a fresh forest vibe added to the oud recipe. I get bergamot, pepper, cedar, oud. Still not a fan, I prefer it over Oud Wood but I still wouldn't wear it. I washed it off after 2 hours, I don't like it.
5.5/10
Dior Fahrenheit Le Parfum
I was hyped to test this one due to its uniqueness. I'm definitely getting suede and licorice on top, only slight mandarine. In the middle I get rum - mostly felt in the back of the nose and STRONG violet leaf. This one weirdly comes off fresh in a bitter way. Drydown smells like someone mowing a lawn far away with some petroleum in the air (unfortunately not the sweet gas station type of petroleum I was expecting). Even closer, this smells like how your clothes would smell after mowing the lawn outside. Ehhh... not really a fan unfortunately but really interesting. Definitely 30+ fragrance.
6/10
John Varvatos Dark Rebel Rider
This one is way too complex for my nose but I'll try. I get dark leather, resin, incense, probably some sort of spices. I get some booze like rum. It really smells like if you'd coat the burning tire smoke with some incense sweetness. This one's a badass. The more it develops the better it gets. Definitely a leather jacket fragrance. I'm still thinking if I'd actually get this one, it's kinda nice but i'm still not sure... Will need to re-apply some other day.
7.25/10
Tom Ford Noir Extreme
Wow this one is heavenly if you're standing outside in the cold breeze and you get a whiff - it kinda magically lifts the senses. On top you get a straight blast of very sensual rose and just a pinch of cardamom. When the fragrance goes towards mid it turns into a less harsh orange blossomy Avon Attraction One Intense (I hate that one because orange blossom is WAY too strong there). You start getting some jasmine, vanilla and amber as well as it goes towards drydown. 3 hours later it smells like vanilla. Longevity is kinda bad to be honest. Overall, this is a very sensual rose fragrance for men but can be also worn by women easily. Goths will love this one.
8.75/10
Creed Silver Mountain Water
Boring... It's a smell you smell in every store and in every product. I don't understand why anyone would buy a bottle of this in 2020, you'll smell like any wet wipe. Just no.
3/10
Viktor & Rolf Spicebomb Extreme
Alright so this one smells similar to one of the previous ones I've tested. I think it's similar to either Xerjoff Naxos or Pure Malt. I'll have to test those 3 together to come to a conclusion on which one to get. From my memory, I feel like Pure Malt had more depth than this and Naxos was way more elegant and less harsh. I'll compare them side by side. This one by itself is vanilla, lavender heavy with some spices coming through. I definitely prefer it over Chergui.
8/10
Narciso Rodriguez For Him
Yep, Fragrantica comments are quite accurate. This totally smells like vegetables (I think cauliflower) and wet sidewalk. Won't even try to dissect this one. I don't like it, it's bitter, cold. If you look for something just as dark, manly and unique, Encre Noire smells much better and actually does this kind of fragrance vibe much better. For Him is kinda similar to Dior Fahrenheit. With Dior Fahrenheit I at least like it from time to time, I just dislike this one all the time wearing it. Honestly I wouldn't wear this even as a goth because it just smells bad.
4/10
Comme des Garcons Series 3 Incense: Avignon
Very good recreation of catholic church censer incense. If you've been to church you know this smell. Not exactly wearable in public unless you want to smell like church or work at a church. It's good if you just want to feel cozy at home. On moments it smells like Coca Cola inspired drink from my country.
8/10
Dior Homme Intense (2011)
This one does smell like make-up bag. There is a very strong iris note. I find this appropriate for any suited up man. It's very unoffensive and safe. For me it's just tad too boring and not something i'd ever make my signature. Nice fragrance though.
7/10
D&G The One EDP
Smelled it millions times before without even knowing it. Just boring and I hate amber based fragrances. I get coriander more than grapefruit in top. Ginger in the middle and strong amber in drydown. I'd actually prefer it to be heavier on tobacco. I wouldn't call it bad, just overdone and boring. Longevity and sillage are quite good for me.
7/10
Guerlain L'Homme Ideal EDP
I like it less scent wise than D&G The One, longevity is also worse. Once again, this kind of frags are just plain boring to me. Strong almond in the top, cherry and vanilla in the middle, it dries down into leather and cherry. I do however feel that I need to give Guerlain props for trying to make a different clubbing scent. It's decent as long as it lasts.
6.5/10
Armani Code Profumo
You know what, Avon's Mesmerize Black For Him could actually be inspired by this one because I never actually smelled One Million by PR. They are both tonka bean, nutmeg heavy fragrances although Mesmerize Black stings much more to the nose after first spray due to pink pepper. Code Profumo is still a clubbing fragrance but just much more well rounded one without harsh edges. Do I like it overall? Not really. Tonka Bean and amber fragrances are just too sweet for my taste unfortunately. I wouldn't wash it off if it was offered to me (If I lacked a fragrance) but I'd also never buy it. I prefer The One over this one.
6/10
Acqua Di Gio Profumo
Fragrance opens up with what I thought was mandarin but was actually bergamot and sea notes. I think that this fragrance is a great fragrance to test, just because it teaches you what that note that every fresh shower gel has is. It's "sea notes" according to Fragrantica. So, so far I'm getting sea notes, bergamot, rosemary. The drydown smells very fresh bergamot fruity but I'm not really percieving the incense a lot, it's very slight. The sea notes are much more noticable in drydown. 3 hours after spraying the fragrance, the fragrance holds strong and is almost cloying to me. Strong sea notes and patchouli, no incense. This fragrance is very 40+ to me personally, maybe it's because my father wore all these colognes which were fakes of probably original ADG (he never cared what he wore as long as it smelled fresh). It really reminds me of him. It's a good fresh fragrance, although I'd pick a more original, darker and newer DNA for me personally.
7/10
Dior Sauvage EDT
Fragrance opens up with very smooth juicy-like bergamot and pepper. After 10 minutes I can tell that this is a very synthetic fragrance. 15 minutes later you get much more pink pepper which comes off even more sharp. I don't really get any lavender from this like Fragrantica says. I do however get strong ambroxan in the drydown. Projection is very good, I constantly get whiffs of this in the air. Overall it's nice but actually lacks character and not something I would get.
7/10

BATTLE OF FAVORITES:

Thierry Mugler - Pure Malt
Opening: 9/10
Middle: 9/10
Drydown: 9/10
Longevity: 8/10
Final score: 35
Xerjoff - Naxos
Opening: 8/10
Middle: 8/10
Drydown: 7/10 (would prefer it to be less sweet)
Longevity: 9/10
Final score: 32
Tom Ford - Extreme Noir
Opening: 9/10
Middle: 9/10
Drydown: 9/10
Longevity: 6/10
Final score: 33
Viktor & Rolf - Extreme Spicebomb
Opening: 7/10
Middle: 7/10
Drydown: 8/10
Longevity: 9/10
Final score: 31
YVS - La Nuit De L'Homme
Opening: 10/10
Middle: 10/10
Drydown: 8/10
Longevity: 5/10
Final score: 33
I think my buys are going to be Thierry Mugler Pure Malt as a going out with friends fragrance and Tom Ford Noir Extreme clone (original's too expensive for me) as a going out with girlfriend fragrance. I might get a clone of La Nuit De L'Homme because original's performance sucks real bad. I really liked Zoologist Squid as well and might get another sample down the road. Right now I have Encre Noire A L'Extreme on the way, will review it soon.
If you have any questions, ask away.
submitted by Blarzor to fragrance [link] [comments]


2020.11.28 15:04 StormerHVM AL: A Civilian's View Chapter 2: Course Change

A Massive Convoy of 50 ships crosses the Atlantic. They were initially protected by 3 Guided Missile Destroyers of the Royal Navy. The ships arranged themselves in a box formation with the escorts screening the sides. For days, they sailed in the rough seas. Upon reaching the half-way point between Halifax and Liverpool, the DDGs separated from them, replaced by World war II era ships; a Town-class cruiser, Attacker-class Escort Carrier, and 4 C-class destroyers.
In an open area on the Celestine's Bridge, Devin observes their new escorts with his binoculars. Their ship is located on the Convoy's left most side in line with the center column. With the cold Atlantic winds, Dev, along with his bridge peers, wear standard white fur coats. He stared at a nearby destroyer, still a bit dumbfounded at his sight. There was no crew at the destroyer, not a single one. After staring for minutes, He went back inside the bridge.
Upon entering, he gestured to the Captain that they talk in private. The Captain walked towards him, near the door. "Cap'n, what're those ships? They're antique-looking, but they have no crews." Dev asked.
"They're mass-produced drone-ships. So being unmanned is a feature."
"But why the antique weapons? I mean, isn't it more potent to use the more modern DD's?"
"That I do not know. The military ain't exactly public about revealing classified technology. But from what I heard, those things do their job."
"I hope they do. Or else we'll all be annihilated."
"Hey, no negativity. We've only been at sea for 3 days, yet you're already looking glum."
"Can't help it, Sir. I don't feel safe in the slightest. We're--"
"That's enough. Go get yourself breakfast; your watch is over anyway." Captain interjected. Dev looked at his watch; it was already 8:20 am. His watch time is until 8 am.
"It looks like your just hungry." the Captain spoke.
"Then I'll just take my leave, Sir." Dev saluted the Captain and exited the bridge. He went down the stairs to head to the dining room, crossing multiple doors within the ship before reaching the place. Upon arriving there, he saw a familiar face waving his arm at him; It was Aulney. Dev proceeded to take some food, choosing to eat a Bacon and Egg Sandwich along with some coffee. He then walked to Aulney and sat beside him.
"How was the watch?" Aulney asked while sipping his drink.
"Nothing special, it's just that our escorts got replaced." Dev quickly took a bite at his sandwich.
"Replaced by what?"
"Unmanned ships." Dev drank some of his coffee before continuing. "You know a few rumors in the military, care to share?"
"Well, I heard most of it from a drunk Royal officer. So it may not be real. And, none of my rumors have something to do with 'unmanned ships' "
"Hit me."
"Well, that officer rambled about a certain Commander being a lucky guy because he commands an army of women. That man was Really drunk for him to babble around with his fantasies. What the hell is an army of women anyway?" Aulney smiled at the thought.
"I need a serious answer, Aul. What else did he say that has nothing to do with women?" Dev asked again with an earnest tone.
"We fight the Sirens using those Kansen, right? From what I heard, they were created using siren technology." Aulney replied with a gloomy tone.
He gave his friend a worried stare. "Siren Tech? I thought it was our research?"
"Yeah, the drunk man said they just handed down some sort of cube to us for free. Those Sirens destroyed all navies within a week, and for 6 years, denied us access to these oceans--" Aulney paused for a moment. "We were starting to shoot each other just for resources. If they left us alone for a few more years, we would've annihilated ourselves. All of a sudden, they wanted to save us..."
An awkward silence settled in between the two. Dev wasn't expecting his friend to start rambling. He quickly finished his sandwich, leaving only the coffee to finish.
"So, how's your new post?" Devin asked, hoping to lighten the mood.
"It's fine; I'm basically operating enlarged car engines."
"The Diesels here are nothing like car engines."
"They still do the same job, which is to move whatever they are powering."
Dev took another sip of his coffee, giving his friend a small nod to agree with his statement. "The ship is quite old. Most of the equipment here is still in the '80s; it's been through a lot." Aulney remarked.
"How'd you know it's from the '80s?"
"I read the labels," Aulney replied with a smirk.
"Well, the ship got retrofitted six months ago, so most of the tech here is up to date. But, they only reworked a bit of the machinery."
"How old is this ship anyway?"
"I think around 4 decades. This ship was just lying around some scrapyard in the Union. They recommissioned it to keep up with the demand for new cargo ships."
Suddenly, the ship's alarm blared. Realizing the emergency, Dev instructed his friend, "Aulney, go back to the engine room to assist Chief. I'll go back to the bridge." Aulney nodded in reply. With haste, both men stood from the table and went their separate ways.
Dev adjusted his coat and sprinted towards the bridge. While climbing the stairs, prop planes flew overhead, followed by biplanes. When he reached the bridge, the Captain was listening over at the radio. He took a glance at Dev; before placing the radio down and walking over to the PA to announce the news to the whole ship.
"All crew be on alert. Enemy ships were just spotted on the left side of the Convoy. The Commodore ordered a course change to avoid harm, but be on alert; we might get attacked anytime." The Captain put down the PA to announce his orders to the men in front of him.
"Mr. Dale, steady on a course to bearing 300 North of west; time the turn with the Convoy," he ordered while pointing at the helmsman. "Mr. Finch, plot our route. The Convoy will revert back to a Direct course at point Foley." this time, he pointed to the Navigator. "Mr. Posh, Maintain crew readiness and alert, and be on stand by for directing damage control," he ordered while pointing at Devin.
"Aye, aye, Sir." Each of them replied. The Captain then proceeded to check the escorts. 2 Destroyers we're breaking formation to intercept the Siren threat, with the light cruiser following shortly. In the distance, multiple ominous-looking ships can be seen. Dev busied himself commanding most of the deck crew, instructing them to close the bulkheads below the waterline and telling the passengers to stay in their bunks. The Convoy then proceeded to change direction, moving away from the threat.

It's now 3 days since the little scuffle with the Sirens. The Convoy slowly closed in on their destination. Now they are in Irish waters, with Liverpool being around a day away. No other incident has happened since then. On the Celestine, they prepare to separate from the Convoy along with 2 other ships; Their destination, Casablanca, Morocco. The Captain of the Celestine converses with the Commodore, along with the other captains of the 2 vessels joining them. Dev idly waits for the Captain; he checks his watch for the time; 4:48 pm. When his Skipper finished his conversation, he gave a look of dismay. Something didn't go well. Dev walked to the Captain to know the bad news.
"Skip, you alright?" He asked worriedly.
"Not quite... My negotiations for escorts were denied. We're going to proceed to Casablanca unprotected..." Dev now made a disappointed face, biting his lip. The Captain saw this, so he continued. "However, our planned route will follow the Iberian coastline. We should be safe in case of emergencies."
Dev replied to the Captain with a nod. His Skipper then proceeded to issue orders.
"Mr. Dale, Prepare to follow the Embirikos. We'll be breaking formation soon. Devin, you have the bridge; work with Mr. Finch on our route. I'll be taking my rest." The men saluted in confirmation of the orders. After which, the Captain left the bridge. Dev then walked over to Finch to review the routes.
"How close are we gonna be on the coastline?" Dev asked.
"Around 20 Nautical Miles. It's a pity that we can't cross the Bay of Biscay; it would be much safer if we're near the Orthodoxy's coast. The place was heavily mined during the war. Up until now, it's still littered with those things." Finch replied.
"Yeah, I hope we don't encounter any rough storms, though. Or else we'll have lots of problems."
"Don't jinx us."
"I know," Dev replied with an exhausted tone. Being the second in command of the ship has taken a toll on him. His work resulted in a change in his sleeping patterns. And, he really didn't have a gift for sleeping well at sea. With the skies slowly turning dark, Dev proceeded to keep watch on the radar.

Their ship then broke formation from the Convoy, along with the 2 other vessels. Forming a line, with them being at the back. They slowly adjusted their course towards their destination. Dev continued to supervise the ship; this time, his watch will end at 8:30 pm. Nothing was out of the norm as nighttime fell. But as time continued to pass by, Dev observed that the radar screen began to distort ever so slightly. He dismissed it, thinking it was just nothing. After a few minutes, it distorted again. He restarted the screen to fix it. However, the problem continued to reappear, getting worse each time it came back. After a while, Dev began to pound on the screen, frustrated by the malfunctioning radar.
"Dev, you seeing this?" Finch asked.
"You getting it too?" Dev asked back.
"Yeah, the GPS is going all over the place. The same goes for the compass..."
Dev adjusted a few knobs and flicked a few switches, hoping to restore the radar back to working order, with Finch doing the same with the navigation system. Both men continued to try to no avail. Dev then took a nearby Walkie Talkie.
"Chief, You there?" Dev asked.
"Still here, how can I be of assistance?" A man with an English accent replied.
"I'm getting some kind of interference on the radar and navigation, and it's slowly getting worse. Mind sending someone here?"
"Likewise, Sir. The engines are working fine, but our equipment here seems to be having some trouble, although not too badly. I'll just send Willis there to assist."
"Thank's Chief."
Dev then proceeded to the ship's radio, intending to hail the other vessels in front of him.
"Atter, Embirkos. Celestine here, mind if I ask if you're experiencing some kind of interference with your electronics?"
"Atter here, It seems like we have the same problem."
"Celestine, Embirikos. We can confirm we also have the problem, we're trying to....."
"Hello? Embirikos?" Dev radioed back, but all he can hear is static.
"Atter, you there?" Again, only static greeted him. He couldn't help but feel there was something wrong. Dev walked over to PA to call the Captain.
"Captain, we need you at the bridge." Placing the receiver down, He then walked to the front of the bridge with a pair of binoculars. He then checked at the vessel in front of him, the Embirikos. The ship's lights were working, with its bridge crew doing tasks, presumably fixing the problem. Dev then scanned around, looking for signs of possible threats, but all he can see is darkness. Minutes later, the electrician, Willis, arrived.
"Sir." The boy saluted. "I've checked most of the wirings. Nothing seems to be off. I can restart the system if you'd like, but we'll be down for a few hours."
"Can you make it less than an hour?" Dev asked.
"I can if it's only one, but most of our electronics are experiencing this. So, I suggest restarting the entire system, Sir." Dev pondered on the boy's reply, wondering which choice to make.
"Proceed with restarting the whole system. If possible, prioritize fixing the radio."
"Yes, Sir." The boy saluted and left the bridge. Dev then walked over to Finch, who is now looking at a map.
"Finch, can you plot a course to the Orthodoxy's coast?"
"Why is that?" He replied with a doubtful look.
"I can't help but feel we're in the midst of something ominous." Dev paused. "I want us to be prepared."
"I'll try. The mines are the only problem here. I don't know where the Orthodoxy placed em."
"We have some intel on the depth of the bay. They mostly place mines in shallow areas, right?"
"I think so... But still... I can't guarantee a completely safe passage. We'll have to radio in on the Orthodoxy for help."
"The radio ain't exactly working right now, so do your best. Tell me when you're done, I'll fill in the Captain when he arrives." Finch then proceeded to work. Dev continued to observe the surroundings with the binoculars. After a while, the Captain finally arrived.
"Cap'n." Dev saluted. "Care to explain the emergency Dev?" The Captain asked.
"Around 30 minutes ago, our electronics started malfunctioning. I suspect they're being affected by some kind of interference. But, I don't know where or what is causing it."
"Did you radio the others?"
"I did, but the radio is out. As of now, the system is being restarted. Hopefully, all it needs is a restart. Also, I asked Mr. Finch to plot a direct course for the Orthodoxy."
"Good work. I'll take over from here. Go keep an eye out; there might be..."
Suddenly, A bright beam of Red light streaked from the darkness, hitting the Embirikos. A massive explosion ensued, lighting up the nearby surroundings. The men in the Celestine stared in shock at the horrific sight.
"LEFT FULL RUDDER!!!" The Captain yelled, but his crew is petrified. Their ship continued forward to the burning Embirikos; if they don't maneuver, both ships will collide. Small explosions continue to rattle the Embirikos until an even more massive explosion blew the Embirikos in half. The scale of the blast shattered the windows of Celestine's bridge, forcing the men to take cover. This snapped Dev out of his daze.
"TURN THE DAMN WHEEL!!!" Dev shouted at the helmsman, who turned to the right side, opposite of what the Captain ordered. The ship barely collided with the sinking Embirkos. However, another streak of light came from Celestine's bow. Narrowly avoiding them; if they turned left, they would've certainly been dead already. Then another beam streaked from the right, after which another explosion can be seen; The Atter's been hit. The lead vessel suffers the same fate as the Embirikos; massive explosions followed, with the ship exploding in half later. They were next.
The supposed dark night sky quickly turned crimson, illuminating an armada of Siren ships, with red line accents, that surrounded the Celestine; their guns pointed at her. Hundreds of Siren aircraft zoomed over the skies, and a bright pillar of red light is seen in the distance. The Bridge crew now tremor in fear; they couldn't believe what they saw. Their minds, now occupied with the thought of impending death. Then, a massive burst of energy hit the ship, knocking out all electronics and machinery within; they were now dead in the water, further amplifying the crew's fears.
In the distance, a figure stares at Celestine. Its silhouette boasted a shape that looks like a manta ray. It was about to order the destruction of the lone cargo ship. However, it was belayed by the crackle of her radio.
"Tester... How goes the simulation?"
"It is proceeding well, Observer. There just seems to be an unknown variable that appeared; I am just about to eliminate it." Tester replied while charging her cannons.
"...hmmm... How about we keep that unknown variable for now? Let's see if this variable can affect the outcome~." Observer suggested
"Are you sure about this Observer?"
"Very. Let's try something different today, shall we~?"
"If you say so, Observer."
Tester then proceeded to glide towards the disabled ship. She is wondering how this slight change in the plans can affect the results. Nevertheless, she will follow the command of her superior; it is her task, after all, to test the parameters of the simulation.
On the bridge of the Celestine, the crew tries desperately to connect with people below the deck. The sudden burst of energy completely knocked out most of the electronics, so they had no means to communicate wirelessly with the crew below. While doing so, they begin to wonder why they are still alive. By now, the Sirens should've obliterated them to nothing but ashes. Dev was feeling frustrated from their failed attempts of bringing back power. He began banging on the instruments, which caught the attention of the Captain.
"Mr. Posh, Stop that! You're an officer! If you breakdown now, so will the crew. May I remind you that you are in charge of their safety? So, be composed." The Captain reprimanded him.
"I... I apologize for my misconduct... Sir..." Dev replied while clenching his fists.
"You better be." He replied to Dev. The Captain then closed his eyes for a while. Deciding which decision he should make. The Sirens spared them, for now. He knows that they might change their mind at any minute. Ordering the crew to abandon ship would be the best option, but there is no way of knowing if rescue will come. They can stay and try to restore their radio, so they can call for help, but that will take time. Both choices had their perks, but which one is the best?
"Mr. Posh, what are your thoughts on ordering an abandon ship?" He asked. Devin was now deep in thought, pondering on about the question.
"I think we should stay and try to restore power, Sir," Dev replied.
"Why is that? that's very risky."
"The Sirens are known for sinking vessels on sight. If they spared us now, that means they plan on using us for something. Because if they really wanted to sink us, they would've done so minutes ago."
The Captain nodded in agreement with Dev's statement. However, the Navigator, Finch, doesn't seem too amazed.
"They can change their minds at any time. The longer we stay on the ship, the more time we give them to change their decision." Finch argued.
"If they really wanted to destroy us, they would've already done so. There's no use in sparing a lowly cargo ship like us. We're just ants to them." Dev grimly replied.
"Exactly, that is why we should leave immediately; we're just ants they're preparing to crush."
"That's enough, both of you calm down." The Captain intervened. "I've thought about it. We'll stay on the ship and restore it to working order. Radios being the number one priority."
Both men nodded in agreement to the Captain's decision. However, they heard a thud. They all looked at the helmsman who is now sitting on the floor, trembling with fear. Slowly, they all looked at the window. Fear surged again on their minds; as a woman's figure floated in front of the bridge tower. She was smiling sadistically at the crew. After which, the radio in the bridge crackled to life... A woman's voice is then heard...
"Greetings, crew of the Celestine. Would you mind if we have a chat?"
submitted by StormerHVM to AzureLane [link] [comments]


2020.11.28 12:27 EthicalAtheist1971 “Ye shall know the truth; and the truth shall make you free. “

I was born into a Christian family. My father was an Irish Catholic hoodlum from the mean streets of the Bronx and my mother, an Episcopalian “up-town girl” from New Rochelle. Christened before I could form thoughts and my name written in the “Lambs Book of Life”. We moved to Texas after my father was released from prison for armed robbery. Here we “found Jesus” in a Southern Baptist church in South Texas. My family was deeply involved in the church. We did everything from driving the church van, to singing in the choir; from visitation (going door to door to proselytize) to performing all over as a Christian family singing group. We moved back to NY after my junior year of his. I graduated HS at 17 and enrolled in Elohim Bible Institute. After a stint in the army and a divorce, entirely my fault, I moved back to Texas, remarried and became engrossed in church life, holding every position at one time or the other. During this time, I attended Texas Hispanic Baptist Seminary and Andersonville Seminary, with the intention of becoming an evangelist like Billy Graham (my hero at the time). I was licensed and ordained at the ripe age of 28. I pastored 3 churches over the course of 23 years. In that 23 years I baptized hundreds of new converts, preached to crowds as small as 3, and as large as 2500, I grew a starter church from its 6 members to 180, and pastored an intimate group of retirees for 5 years, traveling 50 miles to do so on Sunday mornings. I had 3, in home, neighborhood Bible studies, and spent an average of 40+ hours a week, reading, studying, and preparing lessons and sermons for my 6 services a week. I was deeply immersed in and engaged by the Bible and my life as a Christian. I never was a full time pastor, as I worked 40+ hours a week as an hydraulic technician in an oilfield based industry. I accepted no monetary gains for my “service to the lord”. I was sold out. Deep state “relationship with Jesus”. During a period of 40 days of fasting (no food, just water), I experienced what I could only describe, then, as spiritual “breakthroughs”. I had tremendously vivid lucid dreams, prayed in Hebrew twice (I don’t fluidly know Hebrew, just a few phrases), and had moments of “prophetic clarity” when I “heard god speaking”. During this time period, my wife was apparently seeing another man. The long hours away from home and in studies left her alone, and I was too “heavenly minded” to be any earthly good as a lover or friend. I had begun my fast, as I had began many fasts before, out of a time of unease and serious questioning. The more I studied and taught, the more inconsistencies, contradictions, and outright fallacies I found within the cannon I so loved and touted as “the inerrant word of god”. This was disconcerting and caused struggling deep within me. I had vowed, in the beginning, to NEVER be a hypocrite or teach something false or misleading. Yet, I found myself, too many times, explaining away, glossing over, and ignoring the hundreds of examples of errors within the Bible. I also started “testing” god. “Laying out the Golden Fleece” ( a reference to an OT scripture when a major prophet asked god to either wet, or keep dry, a animal skin as a sign of direction). Over a period of a few (10) years, I started recognizing patterns in “answered prayers”. I noticed that ever answer had human involvement. In the past I’d explained that as god working through men. I became a student of human behaviors and historical studies of ancient times. I remembered the lucid dream states I found myself in during my training for the Army Rangers/airborne that were caused by severe hunger, fatigue, and sleep deprivation. I recalled many other things I’d experienced and was able to scientifically, psychologically, and philosophically explain every one. I comprised lists of inaccuracies, fallacies, contradictions, and late print additions within the Bible. My wife and I divorced, and through a very rough 3years of alcoholic stupor, 2 DUI’s, dating 14 women simultaneously, and diagnosis of severe depression, anxiety, and PTSD I found, Amy. (My current wife and best friend). Amy is, as are many highly educated people, super intelligent, scholarly, critical thinking, liberally minded, and deeply caring. Through 2 years of painstaking “discussion”, education, and serious emotional upheaval, we found ourselves in love and I found myself. Amy was the catalyst I needed to propel me past the crippling indoctrination and life long participation in, what I now call the “mass delusion” of the insanity of religion, to me. A strong, critical thinking, confident, good man. A man that loves all creatures, great and small. A man that is deeply involved in human and civil rights. Me. A man whose political beliefs once put Rush Limbaugh to my left. Every day I find myself closer to “godliness”. I just had to stop believing in the supernatural and be the force change and love that is attributed to deities around the world, by people stuck in a self perpetuating mass delusion. I’m not angry at the religious. I pity them. I empathize with them. They are powerless to believe or behave differently. They “know not what they do”. My hope is that all will one day find the truth, and be set free from the bondage of the fear of a displeased non-existent deity.
submitted by EthicalAtheist1971 to thegreatproject [link] [comments]


2020.11.28 10:42 PACREG86 💖For the Love of....Medievals 📚...the binge wrap-up!

So yeah, I've been on a bit of a medieval binge ...and I read some really good books...and some I didn't really care for...all m/f, open door, dual POV, with HEA.
But I want to start with this caveat...these are medievals1…and if you prefer your characters to behave like post-4th wave feminists, you are not going to find that here.
💥Newsflash but Medieval society was generally not kind to women...what you will find are heroines who are pragmatists, who are survivors, who find a way to grab onto some kind of agency and own it despite the limitations of the time period. Some of these characters are young and naïve, but grow through the course of the story...some have been beaten down by circumstances and still find a way to rise above it and make it through. All of them have to meet the world as it comes at them...unfair as it is and ALL find a way to triumph in the end...and even find love along the way!
The men are (with one notable exception) knights or warriors...and consequently are alphas or gammas, there aren't really any betas or cinnamon rolls here. There is Adventure...some great prose and some intricate plots...some terrific romance and some memorable steamy scenes...and some surprisingly lighter and wittier reads as well.
But more often than not there is some violence...sword fights...daggers being drawn and used...jousts...scenes of war...and for sure, some troublesome attitudes toward women...as well as a few instances of dub/con and even attempted non/con...not everything in every book but definitely something someone would object to in the majority.
I absolutely appreciate that many folks have content sensitivities...but not gonna lie...I am like teflon when it comes to reading fiction. Scenes that might disturb others usually just don't bother me...which is strange because I really can be disturbed by gore and graphic violence in films. So I will apologize in advance...if you know you have specific sensitivities please DO NOT rely on my rec to alert you...do feel free to ask me and I will try to remember specifics...but when I read I often will gloss over details I don't wish to fixate on. If you see something that appeals but have specific sensitivities, please do your hw and please don't come after me later. 2
So that being said...If you are here for the romance, the adventure, the drama, the fabulous historical setting, some arranged marriage tropes...multiple road romances...a time when characters would sacrifice everything in the name of their honor!...women who are healers and chatelaines...and even a few female warriors...men who are fierce and formidable fighters who fall in love hard...and falcons, mustn't forget the falcons. I have read some terrific books and hopefully you will find a few you enjoy too!! 💚🥂
n.b. I am not a huge fan of stars/ratings but have included them for a frame of reference since there are so many titles here. 3
***************************************************************************************
1 The medieval period, aka the Middle Ages, is roughly from the Fall of the Western Roman Empire c.476 until the end of the Wars of the Roses, specifically, the Battle of Bosworth Field c.1485, which marks the beginning of the Tudor dynasty. This is an incredible chunk of history!
2 Have included this disclaimer after reading another sub member being berated recently for daring to be enthusiastic about their affection for books others have found problematic.
3 Stars for me: ★☆☆☆☆=just nope.
★★☆☆☆=not my cup of tea but someone else might like it,
★★★☆☆=fine read but I had issues so didn’t love it,
★★★★☆=Really liked it, recommend it, probably re-read worthy but flaws
★★★★★=LOVE it! I am blind to any flaws, keeper shelf!
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For folks who are really into the medieval period or just want a little extra fun and info:
O tempora, O mores! -Cicero Oh, the times! Oh, the customs!
TL;DR ...The Books:
5/ 5 Love it Keeper shelf:
4/ 5 Really Liked...despite flaws re-read worthy
3/ 5 Fine, enjoyed...but had issues
2/ 5 Not my cup of tea, but might appeal to someone else

Best Historical details:
Best Overall plots:
Best Steam🔥:
Lightest / Funniest:
Heroines so sweet you need to brush your teeth:
Available on KU
Still on my Medieval TBR list:
Remaining TBR From AAR: DIK-Hot or DIK-Warm List or Luscious Love Stories List:
📚reviews for individual books in the comments...to keep them in order of more historically detailed to lighter make sure your sort is set to Oldest comments first...Thanks!
✨✨Edited to Add: 💚THANK YOU so much for the support...kind words...flair and gifts!!! I am incredibly overwhelmed and appreciative. I have had a rough couple of months and this umm challenge I set for myself really felt rather ridiculous at times and more than I could pull off...I would not have finished it without ALOT of positive encouragement from a variety of friends here...you know who you are...YES you!!! Thank you for believing I could get it done and Thank you to this community for welcoming it and making me feel useful! Y'all really are the BEST! 🥰💚💚
submitted by PACREG86 to RomanceBooks [link] [comments]


2020.11.27 05:46 James_Cruse Striking Insights and Observations about Tone

Guys, a story with some valuable insights and observations;
Earlier this evening I was shopping in a health food store when a girl working there (tall, dark haired, broad-shouldered 25 years old - looked like a slightly thicker Olivia Munn) approached me to ask if I needed any help.
The hair on my arms stood on end. I told her I was looking for this particular herb that’s hard to pronounce. She said she didn’t know it but would look it up.
The hairs on my neck and chest are standing up now.
She comes back and says she found what I want at another store and she can order it in for me. At this point, my whole body was vibrating, it was surreal. Then it struck me: Her voice was electrifying. I couldn’t believe this girl’s voice could penetrate and reverberate through me so completely and powerfully. I asked myself if it could be something else; “Is it just her looks? Do I just like her? Or it something else about her?” She really isn’t my type with dark hair, too tall (6’1’), B-cups, not that slim or fit, no real butt to speak of etc. - nothing physical about her was overly appealing. But her voice! It was definately rare; it had this smooth but crisp clarity, that was calm, relaxed, projective, clear and resonant all at once. All of subtle ingredients added up to this powerful and sexy voice.
So she invites me to the front of the store and she’s calling another store about this product and I comment, looking her in the eyes; “You have a very smooth phone voice, is that through practice?” She blushed and said she hadn’t but people had commented about her voice before.
I was thinking about this girls voice on the drive home because it really stuck with me.
In an odd revelation, I started realising how important voices really are: Most of the girls I really liked or had seriously dated had beautiful speaking voices. The ones that had pitchy or high voices, like a Colombian I dated last year, I didn’t think that much of. I’ve been so drawn to the Swedish girl that does the voiceovers on Volvo advertisements; “ontangkia” who now also does the voiceovers on Ikea adverts.
I’ve noticed that when I’ve met gorgeous girls that have annoying or whiney voices, sound like bogans or have ugly foreign accents (Kiwi, South African, German, Essex/East London and Chinese) - I immediately lose interest.
And am immediately very interested (often despite their looks) in well educated, relaxed, fun and melodic voices and smooth foreign accents (Irish, Scandinavian, Country/Educated British, Brazilian, Colombian etc).
I’ve also noticed: Many radio broadcasters in Australia (that aren’t comedians) solely have smooth, clear and resonant voices - they have no other actual talents and all get paid at least AUD$350k+ per year for their voices alone. This goes the same for TV personalities, presenters and journalists here in Australia.
It then occured to me that this applies to pickup aswell, for example;
When I hear JP (coach at Todd V’s company), the guy has the smoothest vocal tonality. He’s better than average looking, but not that great and he does exceptionally well with women. His vocal tone is his infields is very relaxed, seductive and playful but clear. JP uses his voice strategically in his seductions and sharply controls his tone to evoke qualification, display dominance and escalate. His precise vocal tone control is one of his main tools for success.
Vadim Dorfman (Honest Signalz) almost completely relies on his vocal tone, relaxed body language and quick thinking for his seductions. His tone is unaffected whether the girl is very interested in him or he’s being rejected harshly. Gunwitch surprisingly also has a dynamic, clear and very resonant voice that oozes character.
Whereas Chase Amante, Todd Valentine, the guys from UMP and many other pickup artists have very boring, flat, annoying or strained vocal tones that are extremely unattractive, difficult or frustrating to listen to. This would certainly work against them in seduction and I suspect is possibly one of the reasons they have become so strategically sharp in order to get to where they are now.
According to the anonymous writer of ‘Game Solved’ Vol.1-3, he said Tyler D (founder of RSD) observed that the one trick that jocks, frat bros and otherwise not too bright guys that seduce alot of college girls use is; ‘The Energy Frame Blowout’. It’s basically using the energy in your voice and strong and relaxed vocal tone to successfully “force frame” your desired frame into any interaction with a woman if it isn’t going your way or when she’s not falling into your frame. He observed that they’re “one trick ponys” but that trick works so well they really don’t need much else.
I’ve also found that even when I’m not feeling great and/or my actual game seems abit off, when my vocal tone is relaxed, calm and resonant - my seductions seem to be very smooth and successful.
Getting back to the girl in the store with the electrifying voice; she told me she’d call me personally when my product came in and asked for my name and number.
It then struck me that I liked this girls voice so much, that I could listen to her talk about any boring subject and I’d probably enjoy it just because of her gorgeous voice, despite her mostly average looks. Even her calling me about something boring is something I’m looking forward to.
I figured that if I had a voice that had the same effect on women - what a difference it would make to dating and my entire life in general.
Here’s how I’ve been (indirectly) improving my own voice and how you can too;
  1. Code of the Natural (by Rob Brinded) stretches. They relax the whole body; muscles and fascia, which in turn indirectly relaxes your neck, chest face, stomach and vocal cords. Rob was the physical coach for Chelsea FC when he made this.
  2. Tongue, mouth and neck excercises/stretches from the book, ‘The Low Down on Going Down’ by Marie Desalle & Marcy Michaels. One of them was awestruck by how well a speech pathologist man she was dating kissed her and went down on her better than anyone. So she asked a speech pathologist to co-write this book.
  3. Taking anxiolitic herbs (for relaxation) and tea for relaxing the whole body, which indirectly affects my voice being more relaxed and resonant.
  4. Meditation, yoga and massage is also indirectly helpful for a calm and relaxed body (and voice, indirectly). I’ve noticed that the most relaxed and even tempered women I’ve ever met coincidentally always practice yoga alot.
  5. Social momentum and Physical momentum: alá 60 Years of Challenge and no Micro-avoidances are also surprisingly powerful for relaxed vocal tone, even when I’m tired.
  6. Plenty of sleep (8+ hours), plenty of watefluids, exercise/gym and sunlight (Vitamin D3) throughout the day would also contribute to better vocal tonality. I imagine healthy testosterone and hormone levels would also contribute.
Though I haven’t really done any direct vocal training or practice, I’ve never thought I needed to, although now I’ve certainly reconsidered.
If anyone has any tips, tricks, exercises or programs that have been genuinly helpful for improving their vocal tonality, please comment below with anything they would like to add.
submitted by James_Cruse to seduction [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 19:22 Ugandasohn The unknown germans.

I'm very interested in unidentified bodies and I have come across a couple of cases that have promising traces leading to germany and share similar characteristics.
The Isdal Woman
I'm sure most of you know the case of the Isdal Woman already, but I will give a brief summary.
In November of 1970 a to this date unidentified female body was found in the Isdal valley near Bergen, Norway. The front of her body and her face were burned to unrecognizability. In the autopsy 50 to 70 sleeping pills were found in her stomach. It's unsure if she killed herself, because there where traces of carbonmonoxide in her lungs which means that she inhaled the smoke. so she must have been alive when she was burnt, which is a very radical way to commit suicide. The contents of a suit case, that could be linked to her because of a finger print, raise more questions. The labels in all of her clothes were removed and so they couldn't be traced back. People that saw the woman said that she talked english with an accent and spoke several languages including german, dutch and french. She used at least 8 different fake passports or names and used to fill forms in german or french but she always stated that she was belgian. DNA and dental analysis showed that she was probably born in southern Germany in the region of Nürnberg in the 1930s and lived in the region of the german french border later in her live.
Sources: Wikipedia, Podcast episode by the newspaper Die Zeit (in german), Buzzfeed Unsolved, BBC Article
Jennifer Fairgate
The case of Jennifer Fairgate leads to Norway again and is also well known I think.
On June 3, 1995 the body of an to this date unidetified elegant young woman was found in room 2085 of the Oslo Plaza Hotel in Oslo, Norway. She had been shot in the head and it appeared to be suicide. It's unclear if she comitted suicide beacause of the uncommon way the gun was found in her hand aswell as the missing blood on the hand she hold the gun in while was blood all over the room. No labels were found inside any of her clothes either. When she checked into the hotel she wrote the name Jennifer Fairgate as well as the name of a second person named Lois Fairgate on the form. If Lois was an actual person, is unclear. The staff of the hotel is unsure, if she checked in alone or if there was a man with her. If so, the man couldn't been found to this day. She gave a fake address on the form that was supposed to be in small town in Belgium. I spare you the details of how long and when she left her room, because it's a little complicated and I don't want to confuse you. She also was fluent in german and english but had an east german accent according to the staff of the hotel.
Sources: Info site by the norwegian newspaper Verdens Gang and short documentary, S2E2 of the Netflix Series Unsolved Mysteries "A Death in Oslo",
Peter Bergamann
I'm not sure how well known the case is and I will summarise it quick.
In June 2009 a man that used the name Peter Bergamann was found on the beach of Sligo, Ireland. His clothes had no labels but the police discovered that they were all from C&A, a clothing brand from germany. The staff of the hotel he stayed in said that he spoke english with a thick german accent. When he checked into the hotel he gave a fake address which was supposed to be in Vienna, Austria. He was a heavy smoker and CCTV prevalent in Ireland filmed him smoking a lot. The hotels own CCTV captured him leaving the hotel with a full purple plastic bag regularly and returning without it. When he checked out it he also carried a full purple plastic bag. It's unclear where the contents of the plastic bag/bags are and what they are. The autopsy showed that he probably drowned and that he was missing a kiddney and had prostate cancer aswell as tumors in the pelvis. Surprisingly no pain-killers traces were found in his blood even though he must have had terrible pain, because of the late stage cancer and the tumors. The missing kiddney had seemingly been removed by a professional a longer time ago.
Sources: Wikipedia, Short Documantary, Irish Times Article

As you have noticed there some striking similarities. All three had clothes with missing labels. All three used fake names. In all cases the circumstances of death are unsure. In all cases a link to germany is the strongest trace to their native country. The two women claimed that they were from Belgium. Peter and jennifer used fake addresses when they checked in. Peter and Jennifer left their rooms frequently and nobody knows where they went and what they did. And of cause all of them ar unidentified.

Do you know similar cases with links to germany that I am not aware of? Do you have a theory that connects all the cases? Do you think think there is no connection? Do you have information to any of those cases I missed? I would be happy, if you could help me gathering more information.
submitted by Ugandasohn to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 15:30 stbell2200 So I was just wondering......

This morning I got out of the shower and took a good look in the mirror.
I'm an individual of mixed race heritage (half Irish/half black). No one gets to choose who or what they will be in this world, and you don't know what the soup of genes and genetics are gonna do until your squeezed outta the womb.
Ontop of this the black side of my family aren't really "fully" black...there is more Irish and a little german thrown in the mix there as well, and in fact really no one on that side of the family looks totally black in their appearance; you plainly can see there is admixture there. In fact a few are even white passing (but don't EVER tell them that bc they're straight up 100% black, lol).
Me: I have wavy straight, long jet black hair that I usually comb backwards and tie off in a pony tail. I have very "anglo" features (aquiline nose, a few small freckles) and I'm clean shaven save for long side burns (just my groovy thing, lol).
In the colder winter months I get very pale from the lack of exposure to direct sunlight. It's at this time when people tend to see me as someone of Italian decent. I've been asked several times if I were Sicilian. Conversely during the warmer months when there's more sun light and my tan darkens people tend to see me as Puerto Rican (or hispanic, they're words not mine).
I don't nor have I ever thought of myself as white passing and this is probably bc I'm very solid with how I self identify ....I am black. Now don't come at me with that one drop rule bullshit; identity is a personal choice and that's where it ends with me, but rest assured I don't identify the way I do bc of some damn racist rule.
However, bc of the way I identify this in turn has left me estranged from the black community as a whole. I realize I don't experience many of the negative things someone of darker skin and different features does. They don't like it when someone with my appearance calls themselves black, and attempts to assimilate with them. I had so much angst and animosity coming up through my youth attending schools that had other black people there. They NEVER fully accepted me; it was like I had "the mark". While I can intellectually rationalize the animosity, again it's no one GD business how I choose to identify. If you can't except me that's fine but don't ostrasize me for it. I truly and faithfully feel like black people are my people whether they want me or not. It's a funny thing bc black women will go gaga when they find out I'm part black. They want to have my baby. This was something I had to keep in mind while dating bc I wasn't trying to knock anyone up just so they could have light skin babies with so called good hair and features. I'd be just tool for them. Yes, sadly that is how some (but not all) black folks think. I'm thier "bridge" to better themselves.
Anyways the point of all this is that I just wonder if there are many like me; half black/half white who are at least very ambiguous in appearance and who face or have faced the same problems with society, more specifically mono-racial black people whom are fiercely protective of their identity. I have many mixed black/white friends. However the ones who favor thier "black side" in appearance don't seem to have any issues even though they're mixed like I am.
Many black people see me as a phony, a usurper, a watered down fake of the real mccoy. Whatever. In my years growing up I've attained very thick skin and so if some people have issues with my validity so be it. I just roll wid' it.
Anyone else similar to me out there?
submitted by stbell2200 to mixedrace [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 07:40 Worldly_Werewolf_444 Gemma Arterton

Gemma Arterton
Gemma Arterton is a stunning and delightful Hollywood entertainer cherished by a large number of fans far and wide. She is known for her dynamic parts in endless hit films like Quantum of Solace close by genius Daniel Craig, Clash of Titans, Prince of Persia, and so on She has likewise functioned as a film maker in number of movies.
Early life
Gemma Arterton was conceived in the year 1986 on February 2. Her ethnicity is English as she was brought up in the antiquated town of Ken district, Gravesend, in England. Her mom, a Sally-Anne store, brought forth her in North Kent, a Hospital, and she was brought into the world with an additional finger in her grasp yet was taken out not long after her conveyance. Arterton's conceived an offspring name is Gemma Christina Arterton, and had a pretty normal life. Her dad, Barry J. Arterton, used to function as a welder in an iron production line while her mom used to maintain a cleaning business.
After the division of her folks during her youth, she was raised by her single parent. She is the more youthful sister of an entertainer, Hannah Arterton. Arterton joined the Gravesend Grammar School for Girls, where she began acting. She substantiated herself a decent entertainer in the wake of winning the best entertainer prize for her presentation in the play called The Boy Who Fell into a Book.
To become familiar with acting, she left her school and joined the North West Kent College and in the end got a full grant to examine acting in show school called Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) from the public authority.

https://preview.redd.it/k3eugp5uv4161.jpg?width=384&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5f93e6e09fc9e4fcac983122a79afc64564849b6
Vocation
Gemma Arterton began her expert acting vocation from the TV arrangement called Capturing Mary. She was still in her show school during recording for that arrangement. The very year, she made her stage debut by showing up in the play called Love's Labor's Lost of Shakespeare, where she depicted Rosaline's character. She likewise made her film debut the very year by showing up as Kelly, a Head Girl in the British satire film named St Trinian's.
Not long after her film debut, she showed up in the film Quantum of Solace, which is one of the James Bond motion pictures and Casino Royal arrangement. She played close by star Daniel Craig depicting the personality of Strawberry Fields for which she won the Empire Award for Best Newcomer. The very year in 2018, she showed up as one of the heroes in 4 hour TV transformation, Tess of the d'Urbervilles. Following month, she showed up in the TV sequential called Lost in Austen, depicting the personality of Elizabeth Bennet.
Gemma Arterton made her featuring job debut in 2009 in the spine chiller film, The Disappearance of Alice Creed. Her job was profoundly applauded and gotten a few decent surveys from the crowd. In 2010, she began playing many promising situations in the activity dream films, Clash of the Titans, and a featuring female lead function in Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time. She likewise assumed the lead function in the play considered The Master Builder the very year, for which she got the assignment for the Rising Star Award of British Academy of Film and Television Arts.
In 2013, Gemma Arterton featured in Hansel and Gretel: Witch Hunters depicting Gretel's character close by entertainer Jeremy Renner. The next year, she assumed the lead function in another play considered The Duchess of Malfi and assumed a featuring part in a frightfulness parody film called The Voices. She delivered another featuring film called Gemma Bovery in 2015. She took in the French language only for the film. For her presentation, she won Glamor Awards for Women of the Year-Film Actress and The WIFTS Foundation International Visionary Awards for The Barbara Tipple Award for Best Actress. From that point forward, she showed up in the play called Made in Dagenham for which she won 2 honors and two assignments.
In 2016, Arterton was selected as Best Actress for her exhibition in the play called Nell Gwynn. She was additionally named in British Independent Film Awards for Best Supporting Actress for her function in the sci-fi film, The Girl With All The Gifts. From that point forward, Arterton has showed up in incalculable hit motion pictures, and starting at 2020, her forthcoming film will be Summerland, where she is going to assume a featuring job and be simply the leader maker.
Individual life
Gemma Arterton has dated a few entertainers previously, and the majority of them were the ones she met during the film sets. She began dating John Nolan subsequent to meeting him in the film set of Quantum of Solace. Following a year, she dated a stand-in named Eduardo Munoz which just went on for a half year. By 2015, Arterton was at that point a separated from lady. She was hitched to Stefano Catelli for a very long time. During their separation cycle, she expressed that her next marriage choice will be simply after she achieved something more huge in the acting profession.
In the long run, she got hitched to Irish entertainer Rory Keenan in 2019, and we should accept that she is as of now carrying on with her upbeat existence with him.
Gemma Arterton is anything but a web-based media client hence, it is generally additionally trying for fans to think about her every day life and the occasions she's spending. Be that as it may, she has huge number of devoted fan accounts by her name who posts about her every film and impending motion pictures.
Actual insights
Every individual who realizes Gemma Arterton knows how wonderful woman she is. She has an attractive form body with the tallness of 5 feet and 7 inches. Her body weighs around 68 kg. She has dim earthy colored hair tone and eye of a similar shading. Her body estimates 34-28-37 inches.
Her identity is white, and her particular element is her voice and highlight that recognizes her from each different entertainer out there.
Total assets
Gemma Arterton is an effective entertainer; in this way, her net big name worth is assessed to associate with 13 million dollars. She has additionally marked a few agreements with renowned brands like G-Star Raw, an attire organization, and makeup organization like Avon. These supports summarize to her net income.
submitted by Worldly_Werewolf_444 to u/Worldly_Werewolf_444 [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 05:35 joshhakala (Impossible?) Research project: USASA Women's Open Cup ... can you help?

The USASA's Women's Open Cup ran from 1980-2016 but was not an "Open Cup" in the traditional sense with professional teams mixed with amateur teams (no pro teams were able to take part -- stay tuned for a story about this in the near future). While researching the men's US Open Cup (1913-present), I went down a research rabbit hole about the Women's Open Cup and after putting in a lot of work, I need some help.
If you think the men's US Open Cup doesn't get enough media coverage (especially from the 1960s - the mid 1990s), imagine how much coverage a Women's Open Cup received. Unfortunately, just like the men's Open Cup, there is little to no record keeping from the tournament organizers.
My goal is to gather the results from every Women's Open Cup tournament. And I'm trying to keep it simple, by focusing on the regional tournaments (Regions I, II, III, IV) and the National Semis & Final. If I can find state tournament results, then that's a bonus. If I can find match details (goalscorers etc.), also a bonus.
If you know anyone who might be able to help fill in these gaps, let me know. Any small tidbit of information can help piece this puzzle together. Here's what I'm missing:
NOTE: A second tournament -- the Amateur Cup -- was created in roughly 1995 and the two competitions coexisted. So the challenge has been confirming which competition is which.
2012 USASA Women's Open Cup
2011 USASA Women's Open Cup
2010 USASA Women's Open Cup
2009 USASA Women's Open Cup
2008 USASA Women's Open Cup
2007 USASA Women's Open Cup
2006 USASA Women's Open Cup
2005 USASA Women's Open Cup
There are more (1980 - 2004) ... but this is a good start
submitted by joshhakala to WomensSoccer [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 03:22 acstab Need some help understanding a moment of déjà rêvé....

Hello! I need some help making sense of a recent déjà rêvé experience. For those who are not familiar, déjà rêvé is "the feeling of having already dreamed something that you are now experiencing." I have never had this happen to me before. I often mix up my dreams and my reality, meaning that I cant remember what has happened in reality vs. what hasnt happened in reality, but this was my first time i have had déjà rêvé.
This is how my déjà rêvé experience went: I was on a second date with a guy who I have just met. We were at my local hometown irish pub, the typical dark grunge-y irish bar scene. We were sitting at the bar, tucked away cozy in the corner next to the wall, and the rest of the bar was lined with disgruntled old men. My date started talking to me about how he's "not like other guys" and how he dislikes men who treat women poorly and with no respect. That's when it hit me: I had been in this exact moment before in a dream. The bar scene and the conversation with my date all had taken place before in a dream. I was overcome with this sense of knowingness, but I also felt slightly uncomfortable. The only difference was the scene in my waking life was in the reverse from the dream (in reality, the bar lined with men was to my left. in the dream, the bar lined with men was to my right.)
I havent stopped thinking about this experience and I need help making sense of it. Could this experience be hinting at something deeper? I read tarot cards, as well, and the tarot cards and NOT fond of this guy whatsoever. They have told me to stop speaking to this guy altogether, despite my big crush on him. Could my déjà rêvé experience be telling me something deeper? Please help me make sense of this! Any help would be appreciated :)
submitted by acstab to Dreams [link] [comments]


2020.11.24 01:01 TheBoiButBetter Co-19

Co-19
I see a lot of things explaining certain aspects of it explained but never all of it.
I DO NOT THINK THIS PANDEMIC IS A HOAX OR FAKE IT IS VERY REAL BUT OUT OF PREPORTION.
The beginning of the Pandemic
so to start off with something a lot of people may not know in The covid-19 virus was found pre pandemic times in Italy: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0300891620974755 meaning the virus existed before being on news as a big bad killer and no on really noticed until after Covid was a big thing.
Also there was preparation: https://web.archive.org/web/20200905104533if_/https://wits.worldbank.org/trade/comtrade/en/country/ALL/yea2018/tradeflow/Exports/partneWLD/nomen/h5/product/300215
countries had covid 19 test kits in 2018

Intelligent people finding this suspicious:
Many incredible people such as Elon musk have come out and said the tests are not accurately true! This means tests could be used on someone who doesn't have it and they would come up positive.
https://preview.redd.it/edmdy0yqw2161.png?width=594&format=png&auto=webp&s=55750caa98aed20c7b75aa401f18bf567b33475e
Also another interesting factor is WHO have come out and said they estimate 10% of the population have covid-19 according to their most accurate estimates: https://edition.cnn.com/2020/10/06/health/who-coronavirus-world-population-intl/index.html
This would mean if only 1.4 million people have died of Covid this would make the mortality rate around the same a flu! a little bit deadlier but not by much.
NOW PLEASE KEEP IN MIND there are hundreds of other very intelligent people who also think this virus isn't as bad as its cracked up to be. But I feel Elon musk is a very good man. if someone finds this isn't enough I will provide more.

Now onto the more extreme controversial: The Masks
The masks don't work as well as you are led to think.
if you look at the graph of cases overtime this picture is from the: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/worldwide-graphs/
https://preview.redd.it/wjsflvysw2161.png?width=703&format=png&auto=webp&s=1779e479224eaf1743ea7980f261014ab1ae97e5
Can you tell me when the masks became mandatory around the world if you didn't know the dates? No, because the cases do not cease even a little it is a constant uphill slope.
As most people know the masks have a .3 micron pore size at best, the virus can travel airborne with a .125 micron size. Now the argument of "it is to stop the water droplets" can be said yes but the virus doesn't latch onto the water droplets forever, if you have Covid and walk in the street you will have some Covid particles in the mask some in the droplets and some that didn't decide to stick around. these are the ones that can get into other peoples masks. If anyone can give me actual evidence that debunks this science I would be happy to admit its a mistake on my behalf.
I do think the masks can work as a quick instant stoppage but not overtime.

Division: BLM & other things like fraudulent elections etc.. simply to divide and divide
this is probably one of the big examples. Black lives matter is not about black lives matter it never was. I would go into more into detail but it will make this incredibly long.


The Deaths:
Ok so on the deaths on the same website: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/worldwide-graphs/
we can see down at the very bottom the deaths since from the very beginning. it has averaging at 5,000ish until the winter came which it goes up to 7,000-10,000. this is extremely logically most people immunes systems are weaker at winter! More people die at winter regardless of covid or not.
So we know not enough people are dying to make this serious as the population has increased. Since the pandemic has begun
CDC recently updated estimated infection fatality rates for COVID. Here are the updated survival rates by age group:
0-19: 99.997%20-49: 99.98%50-69: 99.5%70+: 94.6%
I don't know about you but this doesn't seem like anything to lockdown the earth over.
Now the argument of "you will just let those 5% die?" Let me ask you do you know anyone who has died of cancer? this is caused by what's put in our food. A BETTER EXAMPLE
TB a actual infectious disease: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tuberculosis
  • A total of 1.4 million people died from TB in 2019 (including 208 000 people with HIV). Worldwide, TB is one of the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent (above HIV/AIDS).
  • In 2019, an estimated 10 million people fell ill with tuberculosis(TB) worldwide. 5.6 million men, 3.2 million women and 1.2 million children. TB is present in all countries and age groups
So in 2019 we had a deadlier pandemic at hand then covid19????? but not a pen dropped to alert us...
Now after at least a half an hour of searching I have finally found how many people died in 2018 versus this year. you think it wouldn't be that hard to find right ;)
This year about 52.8 Million people have died!
Now in 2018 57.6 Million died!
HMMMM now unless 5 million people drop dead in a month we will be on the road to showing covid didn't really effect us all that much. if the number does go above slightly the point still stands as the population will have increased from 2018 to 2020 therefore more people die.
So far however we are looking good :D
Finally: "BUT WHY WOULD THEY DO ALL THIS?!?!?!?!"
(the chip is the hardest to prove so I will be proving the most proof)
Well this is the question we all want to know. Everyone has their own opinions but mine is that this vaccine coming now won't really work at all. There will be another lockdown to further demolish the economy. Self employed people which are beginning to diminish may vanish. A basic income will be set up for everyone which is already being planned here in Ireland. The government will take ownership of your houses as security so people won't lose them with money being lost*. The Great Reset (WHOOPSIE THATS SOCIALISM) Then finally this vaccine will be introduced! but it has a chip in it to make it easy to see who has been vaccinated and who hasn't. Suddenly we can have everything done through these chips example payments https://www.who.int/immunization/immunization_agenda_2030/en/
https://covipass.com/
http://news.mit.edu/2019/storing-vaccine-history-skin-1218
https://tentohealth.com/
https://www.trunews.com/stream/irish-company-develops-digital-passport-alternative-to-contact-tracing-apps
https://www1.cbn.com/cbnnews/us/2020/january/mark-of-the-beast-alert-amazon-planning-to-link-your-credit-card-with-palm-scan-terminals and we will fall into a cashless society. Suddenly without even noticing it we are in a one world government authoritarian cashless society that has FULL time tracking of you through your vaccine for the deadliest pandemic to face planet earth.
If you have any questions on anything feel free to ask.
UPDATE ONE: one person in the comments mentioned it isnt a chip anymore but it was originally the plan apparently it will be a technological advancement of quantum ink from a tattoo that could transfer information. MIT and the gates foundation have been using this so isnt far fetched.
submitted by TheBoiButBetter to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.11.20 03:21 doggloverr Married without children - how common is this in the past?

In one of the lines I’ve been researching my direct ancestors seem to be the only family having children.
For example, my ggggf (b. 1842) has 5 kids, and only my gggf (b. 1857) married and had children.
My ggggf had 4 siblings. Two were married men who never had children. One sister was married with no children. The other brother had 8 kids! But of those 8 children (b. 1870-1890) there were only 2 children born, with 5 of the 8 married.
Is this normal or abnormal? I was under the impression that farmer families had a lot of children, and they were Irish Catholics.
My google search has only led to historical research on women who never had kids and weren’t married, but was it this common within marriage as well?
I have to say, as a researcher it is nice to tie off all the loose ends!
Edit: added date ranges
Edit 2: I finally found some actual research regarding how common childlessness was here!
Very interesting article that describes childlessness rates over time with two peaks in the time periods I mentioned. Childlessness rates were 24% for women aged 45 in 1900-1909. Wow!
submitted by doggloverr to Genealogy [link] [comments]


2020.11.19 19:20 Beena22 I've been binge buying samples lately and been mostly disappointed. Here's my list of madness and a funny story.

I've been trying to find a signature scent for a while since I haven't been able to wear JPG Le Male for 18 years since meeting my wife, as she hates it (there's a funny twist to that story at the bottom of this post!). So I went on a scent pilgrimage to find something to replace it and this is what I have sampled of late:
Acqua Di Gio Profumo - Nice clean scent. May or may not buy a bottle at some point.
Amouage Interlude Man - Nope....didn't like that at all.
Artelier Cologne Bois Blonds - Got it as a free gift with some other decants. I don't think I can even smell it. So nondescript that my brain won't even register it
Bond No 9 Bleecker Street - A bit boring for my tastes. Not unpleasant but a bit meh
Burberry London For Men - This came in the post today and I blind bought a 100ml bottle (which is something I never do because I am a picky git apparently) because it was only £31 and everyone says it smells like Xmas.....and who doesn't want to smell like Xmas. Wow! Where has this been all my life? I adore this stuff. It really does smell like Xmas. I'm going to wear this a lot. Hilarious that I have gone through countless niche and expensive frags to find something I like and the cheapest one I try I absolutely love.
By Killian Back To Black - I was hoping to like this but secretly glad that I didn't because of the price.
Chanel Allure Homme Sport Eau Extreme - Really didn't like the smell of that!
Chanel Bleu de Chanel - Yeah it's nice....but I don't get why people go nuts for it as it does just smell like any old shower gel you can buy for two quid in the supermarket
CK One - Had to buy a bottle as I hadn't worn it in decades and it's still a great scent
Creed Aventus - Don't get the fuss around this. Too cloying and bland for me
Creed Green Irish Tweed - Love it. Will definitely get a bigger decant when I've finished this - or maybe even treat myself to a bottle. So sophisticated and green. Mmmm.
Creed Millesime Imperial - It's alright....that's about it. Didn't last. Wouldn't buy it.
Creed Original Santal - Pretty nice. A bit sickly after a while. A bit Joop like.
Creed Virgin Island Water - Coconut.....that's it....for that price....you're kidding right?
Dior Fahrenheit Parfum - Some days I love it...other days it's too petrol. My wife likes it.
Dior Homme EDT - Nice but not great
Dior Homme Parfum - Lovely. My wife is not keen but I really like it. Will buy a bottle at some point.
Dior Sauvage EDT - Huh? So bland that I thought I'd been sold a dud until I smelled it in store. Rubbish. No idea why this is popular.
Frederic Malle Musc Ravageur - Don't know about this. Like and dislike it from day to day
Frederic Malle Portraiot of A Lady - Yeah an old lady.....not for me.
Guerlain Habit Rouge - Really nice old school fragrance. Like a posh Old Spice. I like this. Might get a bottle.
Guerlain Heritage - I loved this when I first smelled it. Wore it for a day and it got too much by the end of the day and I had to shower. A shame as the scent is lovely....just too overpowering.
Guerlain Homme EDP - Lovely. Bought a full bottle straight away. Definitely a summertime signature for me. Mojito in a bottle.
Guerlain L’Homme Ideal EDP - Love it. Wife bought me a bottle straight away.
Guerlain Vetiver - Nice clean, safe, grown up scent. Won't buy a bottle because of Grey Vetiver existing.
Initio Parfums Prives Oud for Greatness - Nope....did not like that
L’Occitane Eau Des Baux - Quite nice and cheap as chips. Wouldn't buy a full bottle though
Lalique Encre Noir - Didn't like this at first but on second try I really like it's weirdness. Might get a bottle at some point.
MFK Grand Soir - I loved this when I first got it and immediately bought a large decant. Can't stand it now for some reason. Just went right off it.
MFK Baccarat Rouge - Too sweet and cloying. Nope.
MFK Masculin Pluriel - Nice scent. A bit soft and subdued. Not worth the money.
MM Replica By The Fireplace - Fabulous! Got a large decant and will be getting a full bottle when it runs out. Fantastic smokey, caramelised loveliness
MM Replica Jazz Club - Nice enough on first sniff but gets way too cloying and sickly for me
Mugler Alien - Yes it's a women's scent. Don't care...I have a bottle and it's lovely. SOOOO loud though. Needs bleach to get it off
Mugler Pure Havane - Another one that I don't get the hype over. Too cloying for me.
Old Spice - I mean, why not? It still smells great even if it only lasts a second. Stupid cheap as well
Paco Rabanne One Million EDT - Way too sweet and cloying. Didn't like it
PDM Layton - Yet another hypebeast I don't get. Smells to plasticky for my liking
Penhaligon's Sartorial - Very nice Fougere. Nothing spectacular. Just nice. Probably wouldn't buy a bottle.
Terre D’Hermes Eau De Intense Vetiver - Not bad. Gets a bit much after a while though
Terre D'Hermes - Love it. The Labrador of scents....safe and classic. Will buy a bottle when my decant runs out.
Tom Ford Beau De Jour - I need to revisit this one as I really liked it, but the dry down got really cloying and sickly after a few hours. Otherwise it's a fantastic scent
Tom Ford Black Orchid - Love love love this. Getting a bottle for Xmas. Absolute filth in a bottle! Smells expensive and seductive. Can't get enough of it.
Tom Ford For Men - Nice but doesn't last. Reminds me of something else. I think it's the DKNY one for men that came in the Apple shaped bottle. I might be misremembering that smell though.
Tom Ford Grey Vetiver - Love this as well. Sophisticated and smells great. Will buy a bottle.
Tom Ford Noir - Smells like an old lady. Nothing wrong with that but I'm not one
Tom Ford Noir De Noir - Smells even more like an old lady.
Tom Ford Ombre Leather - Thought I'd love this because of TL. Hated it.
Tom Ford Oud Wood - Nope....didn't like that one at all. Smelled like arse.
Tom Ford Tobacco Vanille - Good god! This is spectacular to me. Bought a large decant. Wear it a lot! This could be my new signature scent.
Tom Ford Tuscan Leather - Love this one. Smells like money. Can be a bit in your face....but worth it.
Valentino Uoumo - Valentino Oh No for me I'm afraid. Too sickly.
Vera Wang for Men - Really like this and so does the wife. Lasts about thirty seconds on me though :( Still have been through a few bottles of it before embarking on my scent journey though.
Viktor and Rolf Spicebomb - Got a bottle of this and it's great.
YSL La Nuit De L'Homme - Love it. Bought a bottle straight away. Sexy quiet scent.

I'm sure I've missed one or two off of that list but those are the decants I currently have either cluttering up a drawer or being used regularly. I need to do something with all of these bottles of things I don't like. Maybe I'll put them on eBay as a job lot.
Now for the funny twist on the JPG Le Male story:
I wore Le Male from the day it was released and I absolutely adored it. It was my perfect fragrance and had become my signature scent for seven years until I met my wife and she dropped the bombshell that she couldn't stand it. Obviously I stopped wearing it because I love her and wanted to smell nice for her. I can't remember what I wore instead but I soon found Vera Wang For Men, which she loved, and I wore for years as my signature scent.
Fast forward to this week and I have gotten a bit disillusioned with trying all of the most popular frags on the top tens of everyone's lists, so I decide to buy a tester of Le Male from eBay just to see if I would still like it as much as I used to. It arrived two days ago and sure enough I smelled it and fell in love all over again. I know that it has been reformulated and is not as strong as it once was, but it still smells amazing and I felt a pang of pain in my heart that I could never wear it again. When my wife came home from work I didn't tell her what I'd bought but told her to smell the tester strip I had sprayed it on, so I could watch her recoil in horror.......only she didn't.....the reaction I got was "Ooooh. I like that!! That's nice"
...........................what........the.......actual......f........
"That's Le Male!" I exclaimed.
"Is it?" she said "That's not the one I don't like"
Turns out it was Joop! she can't stand! Which was the other frag I wore a few times when we first started dating (facepalm).
So for 18 years I have been denied my favourite scent because my wife got it mixed up with something else.
Just to add insult to injury the next morning I sprang out of bed all excited because that was the day I was going to wear my beloved Le Male again.....only to knock it off of the shelf when reaching for the toothpaste and watching as it smashed on the sink and emptied it's contents down the drain. Fate doesn't want me to wear it apparently :)
I bought a full bottle the same day and it is arriving tomorrow!
Edit: Thanks for the responses an awards everyone. I didn’t think this would be so popular. What a wholesome community we have here 🙂
submitted by Beena22 to fragrance [link] [comments]


2020.11.19 02:00 killa5abi She Wore a Yellow Ribbon Part 1

SHE WORE A YELLOW RIBBON by Frank Nugent and Laurence Stallings from a story by James Warner Bellah
SHEWOREAYELLOWRIBBONremindsmeofatime. Itreminds me of a way of life in which a strong and good father worked hard so thathisfamilycouldbesafeandhappy. Inwhichamotheraccepted life's hardships but worked to bring a gentleness to life. In which boys tried desperately to learn how to be leaders and earn the respect of their father, and in which girls looked pretty and fell in love and learned never to prevent their father from making the tough decisions that had to be made.
It would be wrong to call the way of life depicted in SHE WORE A YELLOW RIBBON something that happened long ago or, even worse, something that never existed, that is simply the product of nostalgia. But it is a way of life that exists only briefly. On a Saturday morning, perhaps on Christmas Eve, on a family outing in which everyone has a good time. But even if it does exist, finally this way of life is not a reality that can be lived. It is a boy's dream of how life ought to be lived, which is why this is ultimately a film of great longing.
The Opening
SHE WORE A YELLOW RIBBON is one of the most deceptively simplefilmsevermade. Theopeningcreditsplayoveracavalry banner fluttering in the breeze against a brilliant yellow background. And out come the powerful lusty voices of the male chorus singing the songs, "She Wore a Yellow Ribbon" and "The Girl I Left Behind Me." These songs appear to be simply the musical background for a film about the cavalry and they promise an exciting action story where the hero succeeds and everything's right in the end.
But actually these songs are the foundation of the entire film. The first song, "She Wore A Yellow Ribbon," suggests the love story that will be at the heart of this film, and the second song, "The Girl I Left Behind Me" suggests the premiere emphasis that the men place on duty, even above the personal feelings for the girl they left behind.
But even more important than the foreshadowing of plot and values and the energy and good feeling with which the songs are sung, these two songs serve as a time machine for the viewer. The viewer is transported back, not simply to the distant American past when the cavalry rode the West, but far more importantly to the past of the viewer's own life when he first heard these songs and when their rousing words and music inspired thoughts of heroic action and a world where everyone worked as one.
The deceptive simplicity of the film continues with the opening montage shots and an omniscient narration in which the context of the story is presented. With the death of Custer, says the narrator, the plains Indians are gathering to mount a great war against the United States and if there is another defeat like Custer's, Americans know it will be another 100 years before another wagon train crosses theplain. Thisopeningsequenceusestheonegreatcavalrydefeatin the Indian wars to create the sense of danger and trouble necessary to give the story a running start. But it also presents the larger impersonal forces that will affect the personal life of the hero and makethelifeofdutyunderstandabletotheaudience. Finally,this opening montage and narration is the first sign that this simple story about a captain on a far away outpost is actually an epic of America in which the making of a nation is going to be founded upon what one man does.
The use of an omniscient voice-over narrative merits special attention. It is a rare technique in movies, finding its most famous expression in the Orson Welles's narration of THE MAGNIFICENT AMBERSONS. Therarityofthetechniqueispartlyduetothesilly notion that movies are a "visual medium," and to the mistaken notion that the story-teller is a literary technique. Of course, literature borrowed the technique from the original story-tellers whose entire effects were based on the human voice. In fact, the story-teller is a technique which movies can use more effectively than any other medium.
In SHE WORE A YELLOW RIBBON, the narrator is not simply a device for giving necessary exposition to the audience. The narrator is the primary method the screenwriters use to expand a story of a relatively minor skirmish into a story that marks a turning point in the making of a nation. In other words, it provides a public element to these personal lives. But perhaps even more important than this, the narrator, with his beautiful voice and his somewhat poetic description, becomes the primary way that the writers, Frank Nugent and Laurence Stallings, have of creating a love between the audience and these no-name, long-forgotten men. And indeed the final words of the narrator in the setting of the opening context are, "On some lonely army outpost there may be one man, one captain, fated to wield the sword of destiny."
The inciting event that will take this general need of stopping the Indian problem and force the hero to find a specific solution, that will connect the larger forces to the personal story, is nicely embeddedwithintheopeningmontage. Acavalrypatrolstopsa runaway stage, the voice-over pauses momentarily and a cavalry man, finding that the paymaster has been killed and the money taken, says with a Southern accent, "It looks like we won't get paid for another six months." Within the montage context that has been set up, this appears to be simply another example of the Indians on the war path. However, in the next scene, this same stage coach is brought in by the same patrol to a small, lonely cavalry outpost called Fort Stark. Still the main character of the drama has not been introduced.
It is in the introductory scene of the main character that the central concerns of this film are first shown. The scene opens with a large, fat sergeant, an Irishman named Quincannon, played with his usual perfection by Victor McLaglen. He enters the outer room of the quarters of Captain Nathan Brittle, and while taking a swig of whiskey from a bottle that he has hidden away, he makes his daily report to the captain who is getting dressed in the next room. Immediately, the viewer's expectations are reversed; apparently this is not going to be an epic in the usual sense. This is going to be a comedy, with the emphasis probably on the continuation of life, the strength of the group and the sense that everything will turn out right in the end.
A second unique element of this scene is the fact that the hero, Captain Brittle, is not the classic hero - which John Wayne so often played - but in fact an aging man who is very close to retirement. Writers Nugent and Stallings, instead of taking the usual approach of having the hero's need be to defeat of the Indians, have given the hero a separate personal need, that of facing his upcoming retirement from the life and work that he loves. The hero certainly wants to solve the problem of the Indian uprising. But the dramatists have purposely underplayed that desire and have shown it to be part of the hero's job. The hero is intensely driven to do that job but he is essentially a professional working on a team with other professionals who constantly have to face this kind of problem. So the writers have set up a gap: on the one hand the strength of the Indians is growing rapidly while at the same time the hero's job of dealing with the Indian uprising is about to end.
A third unique detail in this introductory scene of the hero comes in the sergeant's daily report. One moment he mentions the runaway stage and the death of the paymaster and in the next breath mentions the birth of a child. The child that is born is "a little trooper." Aboywhomaygrowuptotaketheroleofthecaptain,a role the current captain is about to leave with his retirement. The man who was killed was, according to the captain, someone who would have made sergeant in another few years if he had lived. Which is to say that in this outpost community the chances for individualadvancementareslim. Andfinallythesergeantmentions that he too will be retiring in a few weeks and says that the old days arechangingandthearmywillneverbethesamewithoutthem. The captain wisely replies that the army will always be the same, that the army is like life, something that continues and only the individual members, who take up the reins momentarily, come and go.
The short, simple dialogue between the sergeant and his captain, the voice-over montage and the visual context have given the audience an extremely detailed view of the values, problems and patterns of the world of this hero. The viewer learns that this is a complete society in miniature, where a man dies and a baby is born on the same day. It is a place of hierarchy where personal advancementisdifficultandthegroupiseverything. Anditisaplace of extreme danger in which duty then becomes the primary value.
The Inciting Event and the Second Story
Into this orderly, professional, dangerous but also somewhat comic world enters the inciting event of the stagecoach. The captain walks outside to investigate and once again more details surprise the viewer. This is not a fort as it is usually depicted, not a fort in the realm of myth. Outside the weather is cold. Smoke can be seen, the breath of the horses can be seen, the ground is not flat, but rather hilly,andbehindthefortisarockyhillside. Thisinshortisareal place in real weather with a group that is the real cavalry.
As the captain and his friend and superior, the major, investigate the stagecoach, they try to make out the source of the Indianraid. Suddenlythesergeantfromtheopeningmontage,who before had been anonymous, becomes an individual, a unique minor character named Sergeant Tyree, as he makes his report. When the captain and major can't determine what kind of arrow killed the paymaster, Sergeant Tyree points out that the arrow is from the southernCheyenne. WithhisextremeabilitytounderstandIndian ways, Sergeant Tyree begins to establish his position to the audience as an extremely able professional much like the captain. He is in many ways the double of the captain, but simply a generation younger and very importantly, a man with a southern accent.
It is here that the sergeant first uses what will be his tag line, his signature, throughout the film. When pressed for more information by the captain looking to get every judgment before making the command decision, the sergeant answers, "That ain't my department." The sergeant may be extremely knowledgeable as a soldier, but he is not an officer. He is not paid as an officer and so he will not take the role of an officer. Having a minor character who is a double of the hero, and giving him a tag line, is the mark of writers who know how to create real characters and real worlds in a short period of time.
In the next scene, the film again takes a strange turn when young Second Lieutenant Ross Pennel tries to take the Major's pretty niece, Olivia Dandridge, out of the fort for a picnic. First Lieutenant Cohill will not allow them to pass. Obviously the two young officers are competing for the affections of the young lady. Again the central and supposedly pressing problem of an Indian uprising, which is to be the main story line of the film, is put on the back burner so that a comical tale about love between young people can be played out.
Having a scene like this at this point of the story is quite a change from the normal method of telling a story along a single main line. The scene isn't simply humor stuck in to the cracks and edges of the story. And this love triangle is not simply a sub plot: it has no intimate connection to the overall problem of solving the Indian uprising and entirely too much time is being spent on it to call it a subplot.
The scene, then, signals the audience that a unique structure is going to be at work: the film will not have a single line drive, but rather will have a major story line and a minor story line which will leap-frog one another all the way to the end. On the one hand that means that the film will lack an overall power and urgency. But on the other hand, it will present a fuller and probably far more realistic view of human life on the plain.
Much of the quality of a film is determined by the import of the story line. Here the writers have chosen two story lines of great power. The first story line presents the first problem of civilization, that of defeating the outside forces and creating a world of safety. The second story line presents the central problem of a civilization at its more advanced stage, that of determining how different people with different social positions are going to reconcile their differences, marry and have children.
In this comical scene at the front gate, Olivia explains to Captain Brittle, who has come to settle the dispute, that she knows Lieutenant Cohill's father, General Cohill, and has great respect for his family. She accuses Lieutenant Cohill of being jealous because she wouldn't go with him a few days before on a date, and now supposedly he is takingouthisangerupontheyounger,lessseniorRossPennel. With this simple piece of information, the writers have added a whole new scope and opposition to his story. The more simple horizontal opposition of the cavalry versus the Indians pales compared to the more complex vertical opposition in which rank, family tradition, wealth and so on come into play in creating differences within the fort. The Captain shows his leadership ability in a social as well as a military way when he allows the young lieutenant to go on a picnic, butinsiststhathedosowithoutOlivia. ThenasRossPennelisabout to drive out of the fort, the junior officer promises it won't be long before he gives up his blue suit, his position in the cavalry, to become a civilian in a few months time.
So within a very few scenes, the cast of characters, the central conflicts and the basic story-telling strategy of the film have been set. On a large scale, the fort, led by aging but very able Captain Brittle, is opposed to a rising tide of Indians determined to make war on Americans. And on a smaller scale is the detailed hierarchy of command: the Captain's superior, the kindly Major, Captain Brittle's next in command and the one most similar to him, 1st Lieutenant Cohill, the Major's niece, Olivia Dandridge, whom Lieutenant Cohill loves, Second Lieutenant Ross Pennell, also in love with Olivia and unsatisfied with army life, head of scouts, Sergeant Tyree, also a double of the Captain but a non-commissioned officer from the recently defeated South, the old Irish sergeant, Quincannon, also similar to the Captain in that he too will be retiring soon and is probably the Captain's closest friend. The final minor character, who will be introduced shortly, is the Major's wife, Abby, a tough veteran of army life who is a bit saddened by the hardness of the army but who believes in what the army stands for and is determined to help in whatever way she can.
Conflict will come not only on the large scale between the cavalry and the Indians, but also on the smaller and more intimate scale between those who see the army world as a family, a community and way of life in which duty to country and to others is all-important and those who see the army as a place of hardship, rank, little or no pay, lack of individual advancement and violent and early death.
The Hero's Desire Line
The dramatists tie these two main story ideas together by introducing the main desire line of the Captain: he will lead his troop on a mission outside of the fort in order to check on the Indians and also escort the Major's wife and his niece, Olivia, to the stage back to the safety of the East. Once again the dramatists choose to undercut the epic set up by having the main story line revolve around a routine patrol outside of the fort. If something happens that is going to change the direction of the nation, it will come not because of great meetings, or great plans, or battles that were destined to take place. But rather because one leader out on a routine patrol saw an opportunity and made a difference. This choice by the writers, although anti-dramatic in some ways, is a profoundly important thematic point that will resonate throughout the film in every detail.
Not surprisingly, the beginning of the expedition is not presented in the usual fast-action way. Rather, the writers take a tremendous amount of time to show the comical side and to give each of the minor characters time to interact and show the audience who they are. Upon learning that he is going to be taking women along on the patrol, Captain Brittle goes into the Major's office and writes up the latest in the long line of protests that he has written about similar decisions that his commanding officer has made. Instead of having a classic conflict in which differences come to heated argument, the differences here are filed through channels with good feeling underlying what is happening and with a sense on the part of both men that a command decision has been made that has certain costs that simply can't be avoided.
At this point the final minor character, the major's tough wife, Abby, who calls herself "Old Iron Pants," emerges. The captain turns awaywhileAbbykissesherhusbandgoodbye. Thislongsceneof preparation is crosscut with two other bits in which the minor characters are the center of attention. In the first, the blustery Sergeant Quincannon tells the men to watch their language and someone from the ranks tells him to watch his grammar. Then Lieutenant Cohill spots Olivia wearing a yellow ribbon and thinks that shemayhavebeen"branded"byRossPennel. Shesuggestthatshe may be wearing it for him and he tells her that he would be very pleased if she was. At that moment their increasing intimacy is interrupted first by Captain Brittle, who jokingly wishes that the yellow ribbon is being worn for him, and then by the Major's wife, who grabs Olivia's arm just as she and Lieutenant Cohill are about to kiss. Then everyone mounts up and the patrol rides out of the post while the men sing the title song, "She Wore A Yellow Ribbon."
All of these sequences of course contribute little or nothing to the overall story line. However, they extend the breadth of the story and they deepen the emotion that the audience feels towards each of the characters. In each of these sequences, the general strategy of emotion by which the writers gain the audience's sympathy for their characters is quickly becoming clear. The dramatists portray an organization - the army - in which everyone is tough-skinned and hard-nosed and emotion has no place when it comes to doing what has to be done. Using that as foundation, the dramatists then show people who are in fact highly sentimental, who wear ribbons, fly flags and banners and always act to protect and care for the people they love.
In fact, it is becoming clear that the entire film uses a strategy of opposition to make its central points in the most powerful way possible. A story with national consequences is placed on the shoulders of a few people in a small fort who are totally unaware that any such consequences will take place. An epic has been placed on a story with almost no plot, an intensely romantic film is grounded in military details that are extremely realistic and tactically sound. Unlike other films that remain narrow because all of the elements are so similar, this film has already begun to expand in its power because it keeps within its boundaries elements of greatest contrast.
With the column leaving the fort, the unique visual elements of the film begin to exercise their power. This fort is not on the usual Hollywood backlot, but has been built in the rocky, rust-colored Monument Valley where director John Ford shot so many films. The realistic setting is then supported by the use of deep focus and the extensive use of long shots, which place these characters within a larger world. This is not simply the story of a group of human beings who are self-sufficient. It is an ecological story in the largest sense of that word, in that these people and their values live in and come from alargernaturalworld. Thelandishardandbleakwithdeathclose by. But the people who live here know their business. And there is a strong sense of harmony between the soldiers and the land even as the soldiers are in deep conflict with the Indians.
But again this is not a film of simple realism. Just as the story places romantic characters in a realistic context, the stark vistas and long shots are seen through Remington colors and Remington style. The cinematographer, in coordination with John Ford, emphasizes the greens, greys, and reddish browns that Remington used so effectively in showing a romantic, never-to-be-seen-again world of the West.
As the column proceeds on its mission, the writers continue to cut against the drama. Instead of wild chases, the writers show the routine of army life, the technical ability of the soldiers and the general boredom that goes with being in the army. Heroic action, if it is going to happen at all, will only happen with men steadily doing their job correctly. The soldiers ride a while and then walk their horses. TheyspotinthedistancealargegroupofIndiansriding toward their own destination, Sudro's Wells. They see a large buffalo herd that is back after years of absence. They guess that the Indians are probably talking about war, and that their own Indian agent, Rinders, is probably going to be selling them some guns.
Meanwhile, this lack of sensational action allows the dramatists to continue to explore the personal feelings that the minor characters havetowardseachotherandthearmy. Abbysaysshehasplanted twenty-four gardens in her army life and never seen one of them bloom. The spat between Lieutenant Cohill, Ross Pennel and Olivia grows hotter as Lieutenant Cohill criticizes Olivia's shallow, romantic approach to army life and urges her to leave greenhorn Ross alone so that the army can turn him from a spoiled rich child into a man. Ross, meanwhile, lives up to that reputation as a spoiled child when he again tells Cohill that he will be leaving the army since he doesn't need the army pay.
Playing Out the Oppositions
It is during this period that the Captain makes his first command decision. Seeing the Indians in the distance, he decides that he can't risk the women's safety and orders a detour which will cost them a half a day's ride. The costs of that decision are soon apparent when the column comes upon a patrol that has been decimated because the column did not reach the rendezvous point in time. The Captain is confronted by a second command decision when the doctor asks him to halt the column so that he can perform an operation on one of the wounded men from the patrol.
It is here in the dialogue that the captain first expresses the ethic of the leader and the man who must do his duty. He says he can't stop the patrol even for a second, even if it were for his own son because he has to be concerned with the success of the mission and the safety of the overall column. He says that the trooper ran the risks of being a soldier and knew those risks, and therefore has to take responsibility for them. But having said all that, he does agree to have the patrol walk their horses so that the doctor can have a less bumpy ride with which to operate.
In the wagon during the operation, the duty ethic by which all of these men and women live is shown in microcosm. The wounded trooper sings heartily in spite of the pain, Abby helps out by giving the man whiskey and taking a swig herself, and the doctor, in spite of terrible conditions, dives into his work. The result is a successful operation, which the captain announces to the troops by saying that the wounded man will "live to make sergeant."
Olivia, like everyone else, is pleased that the soldier will be all right. But Lieutenant Cohill quickly changes her mood when he accuses her of being a hypocrite, of not really caring anything about the soldier when he was alive because he was much below her station. Once again the story's concern has shifted from the first concern of the soldiers against the Indians to the later concern of the differences and privileges that separate people within "civilization." This status difference is among the most negative aspects of army life. And one that, for the first time, has really been brought to the surface in a direct way in dialogue without any humor attached.
The constant reference to how much time it takes for everyone to get promoted is usually said in a comical way. Everyone seems to believe that that is simply the way things are in a small army without a big war. But here finally the clear class difference between officers and enlisted men and the women who are connected with them is mentioned directly. In part the accusation strikes home because, up to this point, Olivia has acted like a spoiled Eastern girl who "ain't army," who sees army life as romantic but too difficult a world in which to spend one's life and who is going back to the more comfortable and safer life in the East.
But Captain Brittle immediately arrives, sends Olivia back to be withAbbyandchewsoutLieutenantCohillforhisrudebehavior. This partly undercuts the accusation. But the accusation has been undercut in a far deeper way all along by the fact that the most handsome actor in the film has been cast as Lieutenant Cohill and he is clearly going to win the affection of the very pretty Olivia Dandridge. So by his casting of the two second leads - the young first Lieutenant and the pretty niece - with the most attractive people possible, the director has justified the class difference between officers and enlisted men and implied that with rank goes physical beautyandsocialmastery. Throughoutallofthishumandrama,a thunderstorm has been threatening with big fat white clouds rumbling overhead. This bit of natural realism gives a tremendous anchor to what is going on between the characters.
In the next scene, an even worse consequence of the Captain's command decision is shown. The destination of the column, Sudro's Wells, has been burned, some people killed, and now the women cannot even get back East on the stage. All because the column was not able to reach its destination in time.
In this scene the film's power again expands by going into details. Whileinvestigatingtheremnantsofthewaystation,the Captain is called over by Sergeant Tyree to speak to Trooper Smith. Trooper Smith is an older man, very dignified, who, like Tyree, speaks with a Southern accent. Trooper Smith commends Sergeant Tyree's actions to the Captain, and then calls out to "Captain Tyree." The Sergeant looks at Captain Brittle, and the Captain tells him to answer. But when he does, Trooper Smith is already dead. The audience now realizes that yet another division exists within this larger social unit of the army. Those who are from the South are all enlisted men, and even the oldest and most experienced are simply troopers. Suddenly the viewer realizes that men like Sergeant Tyree and Trooper Smith,
good men and great soldiers who fought for the wrong side, are now paying the price as soldiers at a reduced rank.
Also in this scene, Olivia begins to change and learn her "proper" identity, what it means to "be army." And what the terrible consequences are when someone fails to do so. She feels responsible for the deaths at the waystation. But the Captain accepts full blame; he tells Olivia that only the commander can be held responsible for what happens in his command.
Structurally, this scene between Olivia and the Captain is crucial because the audience now knows that whatever character change that occurs in this story will happen to one of the secondary characters and not to the main character himself. For the first time the major theme of the film starts to become clear. This is a story in which young people must marry, and must learn from their elders - the experienced ones who command - what is means to always do one's duty, to think of the welfare of the whole group, and to take full responsibility for one's decisions and actions.
The two young lieutenants and Olivia are adults, but they have still not yet grown up. Captain Brittle, on the other hand, is the practically perfect man. Not because he never makes mistakes, or because he is serious and looks off heroically into the sky, but because he is a consummate professional, he is a leader, he has a sense of humor, he is sensitive to the desires and pains of others and yet never lets that deter him from the difficult decisions that he has to make. Once this change - and lack of change - is made clear, the viewer knows that for the rest of the film these characters can only play out and add further layers to who they are and who they have become.
Removing the possibility of moral change in the main character is a major and often fatal decision for a writer. But this is a story of continuity,group,andcommunity. SotherealizationthattheCaptain will not change does not remove the tension in this film. Instead the tension becomes: how can a man of such great talent, obviously at the peak of his ability even though he has had this one failure, how can such a man be forced to retire? From here on the apparently divergent problems of the troop having to stop the Indians and the Captain having to retire within a few days suddenly reconcile.
The central question of the film now becomes: how can this great soldier do something heroic to redeem himself before he is forced to leave the army for good. And a new major theme comes clearlyintofocus: howcanthisleaderusehisagetoadvantagein order to stop the senseless killing of war?
That night the personal conflict between the two lieutenants and Olivia comes to a head as well. Lieutenant Cohill apologizes to Olivia for his behavior in spite of what Captain Brittle always says about not apologizing, and he declares his love. But again Olivia and the First Lieutenant are prevented from kissing when Ross shows up and, still thinking he is the object of Olivia's affection, challenges Lieutenant Cohilltoafight. AtthatpointtheCaptaincomesinandfulfills another obligation of leadership, that of controlling the conflict between his men. Again he educates them, this time by scolding them for fighting while a trooper is being buried. Here, as in many good films, the exposition is presented powerfully through conflict. The Colonel points out that Ross is barely out of West Point and that Lieutenant Cohill, who's been an officer for nine years, should know better. At the end of the scene Cohill and Ross apologize to each other.
The troop rides out under cover of darkness and once again the film leap-frogs back to the other main story line, this time concerning theIndians. TheCaptain,SergeantTyree,andRosslookonasthe corrupt Indian agent, Rinders, and his men are brutally murdered and torturedbytheIndians. Intypicalunderstatedarmystyle,the Captain simply offers his two subordinates a chaw of tobacco. Tyree refuses, but Ross accepts the offer. With this bit of comeraderie in the face of the barbarism of their opponents, Ross too undergoes his major change. He decides then and there that he will not become a civilian but will instead reenlist. A second minor character has undergone change: Ross is a man converted to a holy cause.
To criticize this depiction of Indian-as-savage-torturer is not really a case of a more recent mind criticizing the state of mind and viewpoint of America some thirty-five years ago. Stereotyping is not an historical phenomenon, but a failure of mind. This film has not one but a number of examples of this kind of lazy, or in some cases, wishful thinking: all Irishmen are happy-go-lucky, all Indians are savages, all white men, especially officers, are strong, handsome and moral, all women are weak but willing helpmates who try to put on a strong face.
This movie about the value of age, experience, duty and leadership is also, perhaps unknowingly, about the value of firm roles. Not so much the value of the particular roles the characters have in this story, but the value of simply having a role and of having that role determine one's actions, personality, and even one's sense ofindividualism. Thisisafilmthatbelievesintheteam,inhaving clear enemies and in living life for the most part to fight and defeat those enemies.
The next day the Captain makes his third command decision of the mission. He leaves a rear guard under the command of Lieutenant Cohill. Then, with the women and the rest of the column, he fords the river and heads back to the fort. Before leaving, the Captain promises the rear guard that he will return and, in saying goodbye, calls Lieutenant Cohill "Flint." Cohill says that that's the first time in nineyearsthatthecaptainhasevercalledhimbyhisfirstname. At this moment Cohill makes his final change as a character, having earned the respect of the Captain. Moreover, the relationship between the fatherly Captain and the dutiful son is completed with the "father's" recognition of the "son's" first name. Immediately thereafter the relationship between Cohill and Olivia is completed as well when she kisses him and lets Ross know that that's the way it is.
At this point the story within the story is concluded. The individual relationships within the troop have reached fruition - the young have grown through the wisdom of the elder - and now the main story line is the sole source of attention.
submitted by killa5abi to FivePlotPoints [link] [comments]


2020.11.18 23:42 Jason-In-Canterbury What's in the News? (Culture Post)

This post was written over the span of one week, as I kept up to date and summarized all the news happening in the United Kingdom. Please keep in mind that England is also on lockdown, so a lot of these news stories related to the pandemic.
Thursday, November 12th, 2020: Today's news is about COVID-19. Business Secretary Alok Sharma gave a statement at the coronavirus press conference. In this statement, Sharma gave updates on new numbers, including new case averages, numbers of patients, and COVID-19 deaths. Sharma gives the people of the United Kingdom a reminder "as to why we are taking the action we are, to stop the spread of this virus and ultimately save lives" (Government UK). He also regrets to inform us that "1,219 patients are now in mechanical ventilation beds, compared to 1,142 a week ago. And, sadly, another 595 deaths within 28 days of a positive test were reported yesterday."
Friday, November 13th, 2020: Today's news is about football (to Americans, soccer). England Women’s friendly against Norway has been cancelled after the Norwegian Football Federation confirmed that it would be unable to travel due to COVID-19 considerations in their country. England head coach Phil Neville spoke out about this, saying “While I am disappointed for our fans and players, I fully respect Norway’s decision not to travel. These are still challenging times where health and safety for all is the most important thing to consider" (The Athletic). In other news of COVID and soccer, Republic of Ireland midfielder Alan Browne has tested positive for COVID-19 following Thursday night’s 3-0 friendly defeat by England. Browne’s positive COVID-19 test result was confirmed by The FAI on Friday morning. He played the full 90 minutes at Wembley but has been isolated from the rest of his team-mates ahead of Sunday’s Nations League fixture against Wales in Cardiff.
Saturday, November 14th, 2020: Today's news is about COVID-19 protests. This was very interesting to hear about coming from England, about how people in other countries are also trying to protest the pandemic. I thought it was only Americans that were stupid! This occurred at the Wolverhampton's Civic Center, for a protest organized by the group Midlands Freedom Education Rally. The 150 participants refused to disperse when requested to by security forces, who stated that the protest was in breach of the current coronavirus disease (COVID-19)-related restrictions on social gatherings. It has been advised of GardaWorld that "those in Wolverhampton are advised to monitor the situation, anticipate transportation disruptions, and adhere to all instructions issued by local authorities."
Sunday, November 15th, 2020: In today's news, England took an unfortunate 2-0 loss between Belgium for the UEFA Nations League. According to an ESPN report, "England needed a win to put themselves back in the frame for a place in the Nations League finals, but Gareth Southgate's side found themselves chasing the game after Tielemans put the hosts in front after 10 minutes." England seemed to have been more of a threat in the second half, but couldn't convert either of a pair of free kicks just outside the area and Harry Kane saw a good chance from 15 yards away save by Belgium keeper Thibaut Courtois. Kane made a statement post-game, saying that "We were dominant. We were unlucky to concede the two goals," he said. "A deflection and I don't think the second was a free kick. A lot of positives to take."
Monday, November 16th, 2020: For today's news, we take a look at road charges. According to The Times UK, Drivers would support a national road-charging system providing that it was not simply used as a “cash cow” by the Treasury, ministers have been told. Research shows broad backing among drivers for a “pay per mile” road-pricing system, with many insisting that it would be fairer than the present fuel duty. A study by the RAC found that 44 per cent of drivers supported the move as an alternative to the levy on petrol and diesel, almost twice as many as opposed it. The UK’s fuel taxes are the highest in Europe.
Tuesday, November 17th, 2020: Today's news is a new COVID-19 brief for the UK. According to Update News, "ONS data shows England and Wales experienced highest number of Covid-related deaths since mid-May, easyJet posts its first loss in 25 years and the WHO welcomes "encouraging" vaccine news. A total of 65,546 deaths have so far been registered where Covid-19 was mentioned on the death certificate, according to the latest reports from the UK's statistics agencies. This includes 59,549 deaths in England and Wales up to 6 November (and registered up to 14 November), which were confirmed by the ONS on Tuesday."
Wednesday, November 18th, 2020: Today's news gives an update to Brexit- on Daily Briefing, they say that "Brexit trade deal ‘days away’ as hurdles fall." "An agreement between the UK and EU about post-Brexit trade could be “just days away,” says The Daily Telegraph, after the latest talks in Brussels. Hopes have risen after the Irish prime minister said “landing zones” for an agreement are now in sight. France is believed to have accepted that its fishing rights in UK waters will be reduced after the transition period ends on 31 December, removing one of the most significant obstacles."
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2020.11.15 02:40 JamesAThurber Is Bald & Bankrupt really a sex tourist and a prolific pick up artist?

Is Bald & Bankrupt really a sex tourist and a prolific pick up artist?
That's the question constantly being asked on this subreddit.
The other question is; how are you connecting a forum user with multiple pseudonyms ("Vorkuta" / "The Fantasist" / "The Ligurian") on multiple PUA (pick up artist) discussion forums such as NaughtyNomad, swooptheworld and Rooshv with Ben Rich of Bald & Bankrupt youtube fame? Is it the same guy? Surely not.
Well, let's start from the beginning, please keep an open mind and decide for yourself.
Ok, so full disclosure, to date there is nothing beyond ALL doubt that this Vorkuta/Fantasist (amongst other usernames) is the very same Ben Rich of youtube fame. Short of an admission that is. However, you'll notice I left out the word "reasonable" from the doubt bit because the chances of Bald & Bankrupt not being this very same Vorkuta/The Fantasist character are, in this writer's humble opinion, in the millions to one..
Here's why:
First of all, let's talk about the background of this "Vorkuta/ The Fantasist" PUA character [hereinafter called "Vorkuta"] and the breadcrumbs that led us to discover this user's real name.
Vorkuta described in great detail on the Rooshv forum a rape charge that he and 2 friends were acquitted of at trial in Winchester, UK. His description of events matches exactly that with the reporting of a rape trial in the Southampton Daily Echo newspaper from the UK.. Both the timeline, area, circumstances, age of defendants and even the particulars of the case match that exactly as described by Vorkuta. One of the defendants in the case is reported in the Echo as being a person called Benjamin Rich-Swift. Vorkuta describes how, at the acquittal, the judge had said he and the other two defendants had acted "appallingly". A summation Vorkuta disagreed with. As I'm sure he would. The case was thrown out after the victim had apparently become confused as to who precisely of the three had raped her. After the trial Vorkuta says he dropped the Father part of his last name (Swift), ran away from a debt of £30k and simply went by the maiden name of his Mother (Rich). Vorkuta describes living on the Isle of Wight (same location as the alleged rape) and on regularly travelling on the IOW ferry where all the defendants in the case lived. It's fairly safe to assume then that the trial Vorkuta describes (albeit without citing it directly) is the same as the one reported in the newspaper and that Vorkuta's real name is indeed Benjamin Rich-Swift (Later just "Benjamin Rich").
https://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/5618610.cleared-men-behaved-appallingly/
However, the question still remains, how is this "Vorkuta" Benjamin Rich the same as our Benjamin Rich from Bald & Bankrupt? It's purely circumstantial, right?
Ok, so asides from having an identical name, in other posts :
Vorkuta mentions a number of times on the rooshv forum how he moved from the Isle of Wight to Brighton on the South Coast of England. Bald & Bankrupt says his hometown is also Brighton.
Vorkuta describes how he is bald and 6'3 in height. This is identical to the height that B&B mentions in his videos.
Vorkuta describes himself of being from Jewish heritage and in using that to have sex with Israeli backpackers in India. B&B also describes himself as being Jewish and regularly wears Star of David tshirts..
Vorkuta says his favorite football team is Chelsea, B&B the same.
Vorkuta describes how, on his first visit to India, he fell gravely ill and once he'd fully recovered ended up running a guest house there for 4 years. An identical set of events is described exactly by Bald & Bankrupt in one of his early Youtube videos. The two timelines also match identically.
Vorkuta details his learning of the Russian language, studying and teaching in Russia, a love of all things Soviet and of his many travels around the FSR and outlying countries and in having sex with as many women as possible there and by any means necessary. B&B speaks Russian and describes a very similar set of events (asides the sex part of course).
Vorkuta describes having a young Belarusian girlfriend. B&B the same.
Vorkuta explains his "Gaming of women" and tactics in great detail. He explains his most successful technique is to befriend the local men and babushkas (sound familiar?), and earning their adulation and respect by accidentally showing them fake pictures of himself in affluent settings such as "sat in a fast car in the South of France". Knowing that, in his words
"by the following day they will have told all their friends (and more importantly the young women) of the wealthy foreigner who had just entered their "shithole" of a town"
[with a view that] by the following evening I can drop the Babushkas and fake male friendships and move onto their women.
A tactic Vorkuta calls his "Schindler Technique". In the Bald & Bankrupt videos a common theme is B&B befriending locals and in particular the local babushkas. And somewhat surprisingly describing on camera some of the places he visits as being shitholes.
Perhaps for obvious reasons we also never see B&B recording during the nighttime / otherwise known as Night Game on the PUA websites.
Vorkuta's language as used in the forum is common to that as spoken by B&B. Vorkuta regularly uses the words like Hotties, Babushkas, Gopniks and Soviet in his forum posts.
Vorkuta describes himself as being an amateur photographer that's fascinated with the former soviet republic. B&B does likewise and was previously a photographer for the now defunct "Desolation Travel" website where a certain Ben Rich (c/w accompanying photograph of the person we know now as Bald and Bankrupt) can be found. http://desolationtravel.blogspot.com/p/authors.html

Ben R in Vorkuta, Russia
Vorkuta explains his love of old soviet buildings and of going to godforsaken towns in the former soviet republic where not many other westerners have been before. B&B does likewise including to a place called Vorkuta (the City), which is in Eastern Russia.
The countries Vorkuta says are the best to visit for sex match almost entirely that with the travel pattern and countries visited by B&B in his videos.
Vorkuta explains how he has an ex-wife who's Belorussian and a daughter that's now a teenager. He describes how they now both live in Nice, France, the wife now married to a rich Russian Oligarch who (surprisingly) Vorkuta is friends with. Vorkuta recalls his sexual conquests in the Nice area and of his visits there to see his daughter. B&B describes a similar need and of regular visits to Nice. B&B also writes on his Instagram and Patreon that he is a regular visitor to Nice.
Perhaps most importantly, the posts by Vorkuta on the PUA forums all date from between 2009 and 2015. i.e. some 3 years prior to the B&B videos emerging on the internet. Impossible therefore that someone is emulating his life story or trying to create a hatchet job on B&B by pretending to be him.
Norwegian vlogger Harald Baldr (Realname: Jens Fredrick Aamodt Jørstad) was also a member of the Rooshv forum during the same time as Vorkuta. Similarly he too continually changed his username from, ironically, Harald Baldr then to JamesRodri & then to Felix5000 before deleting all records and posts of his from that site.
Quick aside about Jens Jorstad (Baldr). In addition to the PUA forum posts removed he also deleted his own personal blog and a number of videos that had a far right leaning political perspective, including one where he condemned immigrants that frequented the Paris Metro. A shortened version of the original video (with most of the racist commentary removed) has been mirrored (potentially by Baldr himself) on a Youtube channel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vrEUg2yHZBA (and no doubt, like everything else, this mirrored version will also disappear soon). At time of writing parts of his now deleted blog haraldbaldr.com can still be found on archive.org including a post he wrote titled how to sleep with Thai girls for free.
Vorkuta describes meeting up with Harald Baldr and with other PUAs (including an Irish guy, again with multiple usernames - Partizen aka Irish aka LordTito aka Bartka aka Traktor) in Kiev and they refer to themselves as the "Kiev Revo Crew". A creepy PUA posse that operated in Kiev. A number of these characters also appear in a number of B&B's videos.
NB\ Usernames on web forums can easily be changed. However, when another user then quotes that person's post prior to the username change, the post quoting them does not automatically update to the new username. This is how username breadcrumbs can be linked together. One can only imagine why someone would need to change their username so frequently on an anonymous PUA forum. Or make Youtube videos without revealing their real name. PUA MO 101 perhaps?*
One of the Crew, Irish forum user "Traktor" teaches at a School in Belarus, he too is now also attempting to be a vlogger under the username "Irish Partizan", arguably without the user count and charisma of Baldr and Bald. He can be found filming around Kiev and attempting to make friends with random women from that town. Traktor has appeared in a number of B&B videos and vice versa. On the PUA forums however Traktor is not as precious in maintaining his anonymity, or for that matter, those of the others. He mentions the user Vorkuta in the same breath as he does "Mr. Bald", along with Harald Baldr. This from yet another PUA forum called swooptheworld. [RVF in the post refers to the PUA forum Rooshv].
Vorkuta is someone called Mr Bald
Wrapping up, there is much much more to this story, but unfortunately revealing more would involve giving up the names and identities of some innocents, so the above will have to do for now.
Still not convinced?? Well that's ok. B&B has a lot of dedicated fans. Millions in fact. And perhaps you're reading this still of the opinion that travelling the world and sleeping with women is not illegal. And of course, it's not. Under false pretences or through the use of force or threat of being placed in danger if you do not comply with someones demand for sex though I guess is a moral issue we all have to decide upon for ourselves.
Whatever you believe, the one things for sure is, whoever this Vorkuta / The Fantasist character is in real life (Bald & Bankrupt or otherwise), that person can only be described as one sick puppy. The many seedy stunts and creepy sexual conquests described in great detail for the other PUA members are enough to make the stomachs on even the most liberal amongst us turn. And there are literally hundreds, if not thousands, of posts from this Vorkuta delivered to the other forum members in what he calls a "data sheet". This is a summarised report of a recent City visit that includes naked photos of girls asleep taken clearly without their consent, what score he ranks her out of 10 and additional information of where and how he obtained sex whilst in that City. For obvious reasons these forum posts are now fast being deleted and attempting to be removed both from the internet and from internet history websites such as archive.org as fast as their slippery little fingers can press delete.
Oh, you'd like a taster? Well how about the time when Vorkuta boasts of forcing a young hitchhiker to give him a blowjob in exchange for $6. On the threat that if she did not comply he might leave her in the middle of nowhere as they were travelling alone in a car on some deserted highway somewhere in the FSU. You can only imagine how scared she must have been.
Or another time where he, as a 40yr old man, had "struggled to enter" an 18yr old virgin he had arranged to meet in London that was, in his words, in some considerable pain at the time. But as he describes, he "ploughed on regardless and used lube and viagra". Classy.
And let's not forget, all these morally questionable events and sexual conquests all happened after that very same person had previously been acquitted of rape. You'd have to ask yourself what sort of person would walk free from a trial such as that only to then immediately carry on with their unhealthy obsession of pursuing young women for sex by whatever means necessary?
Anyway, why the obsession for finding out all this stuff? Well, that was mainly due to the feeling that I, and one or two others had, on watching his early videos and seeing him zoom the camera in on Women's boobs and talking constantly of hotties, that there was something not quite right with this guy. That and the fact that he was clearly trying to conceal his real name on camera.
So let me leave you with this. Assuming for one moment Vorkuta is in fact Bald & bankrupt. Purely hypothetical let's say. And we know then that B&B has a teenage daughter who, in a couple of years time, will be of the same age as his current target audience, is it just me that finds that just beyond creepy? And isn't it just hypocritical beyond belief? You can guarantee he won't want anyone from the PUA forums gaming his daughter in the not too distant. Perhaps he'd let the little bald Irish guy Traktor have a go? Or maybe Harald Baldr or even that Tall Travels guy with the monotone voice?
Probably not. But it's ok for him to do it if the victims are from a poor country in SE Asia or from the former soviet union, eh?
submitted by JamesAThurber to BaldAndBaldrDossier [link] [comments]